UN rep­re­sen­ta­tive points to Bei­jing’s global lead­er­ship

China Daily (USA) - - G20 2016 CHINA - By WANG LINYAN in New York wan­glinyan @chi­nadai­lyusa.com

A rich pack­age of pol­icy ac­tions in line with the Chi­nese G20 pres­i­dency’s pri­or­i­ties are ex­pected to be among the out­comes of the G20 Sum­mit, G20 Sherpa Lenni Mon­tiel said.

The pack­age in­cludes “break­ing a new path for growth, more ef­fec­tive and ef­fi­cient global eco­nomic and fi­nan­cial gov­er­nance, ro­bust international trade and in­vest­ment and in­clu­sive and in­ter­con­nected de­vel­op­ment”, said Mon­tiel, who is as­sis­tant sec­re­tarygen­eral for eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment in the United Na­tions’ Depart­ment of Eco­nomic and So­cial Af­fairs.

The sum­mit on Sun­day and Mon­day , hosted by China for the first time, will take as its theme “To­ward an In­no­va­tive, In­vig­o­rated, In­ter­con­nected and In­clu­sive World Econ­omy”.

One of the ma­jor con­crete de­liv­er­ables of the sum­mit, Mon­tiel said, is the G20 Ac­tion Plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment, which is mak­ing its first ap­pear­ance at a G20 gath­er­ing.

“It sig­ni­fies the G20 ef­fort to fur­ther align its work with the UN de­vel­op­ment agenda,” Mon­tiel said. “It com­mits G20 mem­bers to a range of col­lec­tive and in­di­vid­ual ac­tions to im­ple­ment the 2030 Agenda, in­clud­ing the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals and the Ad­dis Ababa Ac­tion Agenda on fi­nanc­ing for de­vel­op­ment.”

The 2030 Agenda was unan­i­mously adopted by all 193 UN mem­ber states last Septem­ber. It aims to end poverty world­wide in 15 years.

Mon­tiel said he also ex­pects the G20 Sum­mit in Hangzhou will have a pos­i­tive im­pact on the im­ple­men­ta­tion of China’s 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20).

“The plan out­lines a vi­sion that is very much in line with this sum­mit’s the­matic em­pha­sis on in­no­va­tion, in­vig­o­ra­tion, in­ter­con­nec­tiv­ity and in­clu­sive­ness,” he said.

Since 2008, the G20 group has played a crit­i­cal role in co­or­di­nat­ing an international pol­icy re­sponse to the global fi­nan­cial cri­sis. Yet, the global econ­omy is still fac­ing con­sid­er­able longterm struc­tural chal­lenges, such as weak­ness in growth and pro­duc­tiv­ity, de­mo­graphic tran­si­tion and cli­mate change.

“It is en­cour­ag­ing that un­der China’s pres­i­dency, the G20 is ad­dress­ing these longer-term chal­lenges to sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment,” said Mon­tiel, who also serves as the UN’s G20 fi­nance deputy.

He said that im­prov­ing the rep­re­sen­ta­tion of coun­tries within the G20 frame­work will re­main cru­cial to strengthen the group’s le­git­i­macy and cred­i­bil­ity.

In the short run, ex­pan­sion of out­reach can be done on an is­sue-by-is­sue ba­sis to en­sure timely and ef­fec­tive ac­tions by the G20, he said.

Mon­tiel spoke highly of China for invit­ing the largest num­ber of de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to the G20 ac­tiv­i­ties this year. China has in­vited Chad, chair of the African Union; Laos, chair of the As­so­ci­a­tion of South­east Asian Na­tions; Sene­gal, chair of the New Part­ner­ship for Africa’s De­vel­op­ment; and Egypt and Kaza­khstan to par­tic­i­pate in all G20 work this year.

“En­hanc­ing the rep­re­sen­ta­tion of de­vel­op­ing coun­tries in G20 ac­tiv­i­ties is a very pos­i­tive step taken by China dur­ing its pres­i­dency,” Mon­tiel said. “In ad­di­tion, China has brought greater at­ten­tion to the eco­nomic chal­lenges con­fronting de­vel­op­ing coun­tries that are not ad­e­quately ad­dressed within the tra­di­tional global eco­nomic gov­er­nance sys­tem.”

He said China has helped ad­dress the con­cerns of the least-de­vel­oped coun­tries by cham­pi­oning the G20 Ini­tia­tive on Sup­port­ing In­dus­tri­al­iza­tion in Africa and LDCs. This ini­tia­tive has great po­ten­tial to pro­mote job cre­ation, sus­tain­able liveli­hoods, tech­nol­ogy, skills de­vel­op­ment, food se­cu­rity and eq­ui­table growth in the most vul­ner­a­ble coun­tries.

“These ini­tia­tives will help to strengthen the cred­i­bil­ity and ef­fec­tive­ness of the G20, which is es­sen­tial for pro­mot­ing mul­ti­lat­eral pol­icy co­or­di­na­tion, not only among the G20 mem­bers but also be­yond,” Mon­tiel said.

Lenni Mon­tiel, United Na­tions of­fi­cial

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