Hongyanhe’s 4th re­ac­tor to go on­line soon

China Daily (USA) - - FOCUS | BUSINESS - By LYU CHANG in Bei­jing and ZHANG XIAOMIN in Dalian, liaon­ing Con­tact the writ­ers at lvchang@ chi­nadaily.com.cn and zhangx­i­aomin@chi­nadaily.com. cn

The lat­est unit of the Hongyanhe nu­clear plant in Liaon­ing prov­ince is ex­pected to en­ter full com­mer­cial op­er­a­tions within the year after the com­ple­tion of its con­struc­tion, China Gen­eral Nu­clear Corp said on Tues­day.

Unit four will be con­nected to the na­tional grid within months and the de­vel­op­ment marks the com­ple­tion of the first phase of the ma­jor Hongyanhe project, CGN said.

“The project is the largest en­ergy project in the north­east­ern prov­ince, which has helped op­ti­mize the en­ergy struc­ture and pro­mote a low-car­bon de­vel­op­ment in the re­gion,” said Liao Weim­ing, gen­eral man­ager of Liaon­ing Hongyanhe Nu­clear Power Co Ltd.

CGN said about 75 per­cent of the equip­ment were out­sourced in China, while pro­cure­ment from com­pa­nies in Liaon­ing prov­ince reached more than 3.4 bil­lion yuan ($510 mil­lion).

Work on the first stage of the nu­clear project, in­clud­ing four CPR1000 pres­sur­ized wa­ter re­ac­tors with a 1,118-megawatt per unit, started in Au­gust 2007.

Units one and two of the Hongyanhe nu­clear project went on­line in 2013 and 2014, while unit three en­tered com­mer­cial op­er­a­tion last year. It is the first nu­clear project in Liaon­ing, and will in­volve the con­struc­tion of a to­tal of six units.

Units five and six — the sec­ond phase of the Hongyanhe nu­clear plant — started con­struc­tion work in 2015, us­ing the ACPR1000 nu­clear re­ac­tor tech­nol­ogy de­vel­oped by CGN, and they are sched­uled for com­ple­tion in 2021.

Ac­cord­ing to CGN, once all six units are on­line the Hongyanhe plant will gen­er­ate around 45 bil­lion kilo­watt-hours of elec­tric­ity an­nu­ally, avoid­ing the need to burn some 15 mil­lion met­ric tons of coal for power gen­er­a­tion and the emis­sions of some 40 mil­lion tons of car­bon diox­ide.

Cur­rently the first phase of the project is ex­pected to pro­vide about 10 bil­lion kWh by the end of this year, but it will be able to sup­ply more elec­tric­ity to the area as the lo­cal govern­ments roll out mea­sures to pro­mote the lo­cal econ­omy.

The Hongyanhe plant is owned and op­er­ated by Liaon­ing Hongyanhe Nu­clear Power Co, a joint ven­ture be­tween CGN and State Power In­vest­ment Cor­po­ra­tion, each hold­ing a 45 per­cent stake, with Dalian Mu­nic­i­pal Con­struc­tion In­vest­ment Co hold­ing the re­main­ing 10 per­cent.

China, with the world’s big­gest num­ber of nu­clear power plants un­der con­struc­tion, is push­ing ahead to em­bark on a pro­gram of new nu­clear projects to re­duce pol­lu­tion and op­ti­mize its en­ergy mix.

The coun­try plans to have 58 gi­gawatts of nu­clear power in op­er­a­tion by 2020 and have at least 30 gW un­der con­struc­tion. To meet that tar­get, China needs to add at least an­other 10 gW of in­stalled ca­pac­ity with ap­proval of six to eight re­ac­tors each year.

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