Nu­clear safety pri­or­i­tized

In­for­ma­tion on man­age­ment rules and an­nual re­ports would be pub­li­cized

China Daily (USA) - - CHINA - By CAO YIN caoyin@chinadaily.com.cn

Peo­ple will be bet­ter in­formed about nu­clear-re­lated in­for­ma­tion and be al­lowed to voice their opin­ions if they sus­pect they will be im­pacted by nu­clear ac­tiv­i­ties, ac­cord­ing to a draft law re­leased on Mon­day.

The draft law on nu­clear safety, sub­mit­ted to China’s top leg­is­la­ture for first read­ing, high­lights the need for trans­parency of nu­clear in­for­ma­tion and the im­por­tance of public par­tic­i­pa­tion, re­quir­ing gov­ern­ments and de­part­ments of nu­clear-safety op­er­a­tions to pub­lish nu­cle­ar­related dataand­safety re­ports.

The draft is to be dis­cussed in a bi­monthly ses­sion of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress Stand­ing Com­mit­tee, which will run through Nov 7.

“China has made ef­forts to de­velop its nu­clear in­dus­try in re­cent years, but fol­low­ing some high-pro­file nu­clear ac­ci­dents world­wide, how to en­sure nu­clear safety has be­come of great con­cern to many peo­ple,” said Zhang Yunchuan, vice-chair­man of the NPC’s En­vi­ron­ment Pro­tec­tion and Re­sources Con­ser­va­tion Com­mit­tee.

Nu­clear safety leg­is­la­tion will help the public un­der­stand nu­clear de­vel­op­ments and al­le­vi­ate their con­cerns by im­prov­ing su­per­vi­sion, Zhang said.

Law­mak­ers said that a twoyear re­search project con­ducted across the coun­try showed that safety is a key con­cern, adding that nu­clear ac­tiv­i­ties and im­proved safety su­per­vi­sion re­ly­on­the trans­paren­cyof in­for­ma­tion, Zhang said.

The draft states that nu­clear safety man­age­ment and su­per­vi­sion de­part­ments of the State Coun­cil and pro­vin­cial gov­ern­ments where nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties op­er­ate should dis­close nec­es­sary in­for­ma­tion, in­clud­ing re­ports of their nu­clear ac­tiv­i­ties and nu­clear safety pro­ce­dures.

The State Coun­cil is also re­quired to re­port reg­u­larly to the NPC Stand­ing Com­mit­tee on whe the r nu­clear ac­tiv­i­ties or re­lated op­er­a­tions are safe, it said.

Mean­while, the draft re­quires nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties’ op­er­a­tion de­part­ments to make public in­for­ma­tion on man­age­ment rules, ra­di­a­tion mon­i­tor­ing data and an­nual nu­clear safety re­ports.

De­part­ments that refuse to dis­close such in­for­ma­tion will be fined up to 500,000 yuan ($73,800), the draft states.

All in­for­ma­tion should be dis­closed through gov­ern­men­tal web­sites, it said.

Liu Hua, chief en­gi­neer of nu­clear safety at the Min­istry of En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion, sup­ports such trans­parency. “The disclosure of such in­for­ma­tion will en­hance nu­clear op­er­a­tions and ben­e­fit the whole in­dus­try,” he said.

The draft also stip­u­lates that op­er­a­tion de­part­ments should so­licit the opin­ions of peo­ple whomight­beaf­fect­ed­bynu­clear projects through ques­tion­naires, sem­i­nars or meet­ings.

In ad­di­tion, peo­ple are also given the right to re­port those that harm nu­clear safety to the State Coun­cil’s su­per­vi­sion au­thor­ity, it said. Zheng Jin­ran con­trib­uted to this story.

Ma­jor points in drafts or amended drafts that theNPCS­tand­ingCom­mit­tee is read­ing:

The draft cy­ber­se­cu­rity lawwas sub­mit­ted to leg­is­la­tors for its third read­ing. The draft al­lows po­lice and other law en­forcers to take­mea­sures, in­clud­ing the freez­ing of as­sets, against over­seas in­di­vid­u­als or or­ga­ni­za­tions that “at­tack, in­trude, in­ter­fere with or sab­o­tage the na­tion’s key in­for­ma­tion in­fra­struc­ture”.

It sug­gests bet­ter pro­tec­tive­mea­sures for im­por­tant in­dus­tries, in­clud­ing public com­mu­ni­ca­tions and in­for­ma­tion ser­vice, en­ergy, trans­porta­tion, fi­nance and e-gov­ern­ment ser­vice.

In the draft gen­eral rules for the civil code, which is un­der­go­ing its sec­ond re­view, courts are sug­gested to name a “tem­po­rary guardian” for chil­dren harmed by par­ents, be­fore de­cid­ing who should be­come their permanent guardian.

A draft la­won the film in­dus­try, which is in the third dis­cus­sion among law­mak­ers, states that those who dis­turb the film in­dus­try, such as by mak­ing coun­ter­feit prod­ucts, will be pun­ished, and it aims to im­prove fa­cil­i­ties for film-watch­ing in vil­lages by us­ing so­cial funds.

The leg­is­la­ture is re­view­ing a draft re­vi­sion to the La­won the Red Cross So­ci­ety, in amove to in­crease su­per­vi­sion of its fund us­age and to im­prove its cred­i­bil­ity.

The top leg­is­la­ture is con­sid­er­ing amend­ing a law that sup­ports small and medi­um­sized busi­nesses for the first time since it was adopted in 2003. The cur­rent law “is not spe­cific in its sup­port­ing poli­cies” and is “not easy to im­ple­ment”, ac­cord­ing to the leg­is­la­ture.

SUN JINBO / XIN­HUA

Res­cuers trans­port an ‘in­jured’ per­son dur­ing a drill that sim­u­lated nu­clear leak­age in Taizhou, Zhe­jiang prov­ince, last year.

Zhang Yunchuan

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