蓝色经济通道Blue Eco­nomic Pas­sages

China Pictorial (English) - - Express - Edited by Li Zhuoxi

To pro­mote bet­ter mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion un­der the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive, China has pro­posed a blue­print for three oceanic pas­sages that col­lec­tively make the “blue eco­nomic pas­sages” link­ing Asia and Africa, Ocea­nia, Europe and other re­gions.

On June 20, 2017, China’s Na­tional Devel­op­ment and Re­form Com­mis­sion (NDRC) and State Oceanic Ad­min­is­tra­tion jointly is­sued the Vision for Mar­itime Co­op­er­a­tion un­der the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive (here­inafter re­ferred to as the Vision), out­lin­ing three “blue eco­nomic pas­sages.” It was the first time the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment pro­posed an in­ter­na­tional plan to speed up mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion un­der the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive as well as one of the out­comes of the Belt and Road Fo­rum for In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion af­ter the pub­li­ca­tion of the Vision and Ac­tions on Jointly Build­ing the Silk Road Eco­nomic Belt and the 21st-cen­tury Mar­itime Silk Road on March 28, 2015.

The Vision stresses China’s will­ing­ness to con­duct com­pre­hen­sive mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion in mul­ti­ple sec­tors with coun­tries along the 21st-cen­tury Mar­itime Silk Road, to jointly es­tab­lish an open and in­clu­sive co­op­er­a­tive plat­form and to fos­ter the devel­op­ment of a mu­tu­ally-ben­e­fi­cial, win-win blue part­ner­ship that cre­ates a “blue en­gine” for sus­tain­able devel­op­ment.

Ac­cord­ing to the Vision, pri­or­ity will be given to three blue eco­nomic pas­sages. Ocean co­op­er­a­tion will fo­cus on build­ing the Chi­naIn­dian Ocean-africa-mediter­ranean Sea Blue Eco­nomic Pas­sage by link­ing the China-in­dochina Penin­sula Eco­nomic Cor­ri­dor (west­ward from the South China Sea to the In­dian Ocean) and con­nect­ing the China-pak­istan Eco­nomic Cor­ri­dor (CPEC) and the Bangladesh-chi­naIn­dia-myan­mar Eco­nomic Cor­ri­dor (BCIM-EC). Also in the works is joint con­struc­tion of the China-ocea­nia-south Pa­cific blue eco­nomic pas­sage, which will stretch south from the South China Sea into the Pa­cific. An­other blue eco­nomic pas­sage is also to reach Europe via the Arc­tic Ocean.

Ac­cord­ing to the NDRC, co­op­er­a­tion in mar­ket­ing, tech­nol­ogy and in­for­ma­tion atop the shared ocean will be in­ten­si­fied as the world ex­pe­ri­ences a grow­ing eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion and re­gional eco­nomic in­te­gra­tion. Blue eco­nomic devel­op­ment has be­come con­sen­sus for the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity, and a move­ment to­wards more mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion and devel­op­ment has ar­rived. En­hance­ment of mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion has be­come the ob­vi­ous choice to tighten eco­nomic ties among coun­tries and ac­cel­er­ate mu­tual growth and col­lab­o­ra­tion.

Yang­shan Deep­wa­ter Port in Shang­hai. Not long ago, the NDRC and the State Oceanic Ad­min­is­tra­tion of China jointly is­sued the Vision for Mar­itime Co­op­er­a­tion un­der­the­belt an­droa­d­ini­tia­tive. It marked the first time the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment an­nounced a plan to speed up mar­itime co­op­er­a­tion un­der the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive as well as an out­come of the Belt and Road Fo­rum for In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion af­ter pub­li­ca­tion of the Vision and Ac­tions on Jointly Build­ingthe Silk Road Eco­nomic Belt and the 21st-cen­tury Mar­itime Silk Road on March 28, 2015. VCG

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