Ten Ma­jor Tech­no­log­i­cal Achieve­ments of China: Map to the Fu­ture

Since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) in 2012, de­spite grave dif­fi­cul­ties both at home and abroad, China has risen to the chal­lenge and worked hard to press ahead, driv­ing for­ward sus­tained, healthy eco­nomic and so­cial dev

China Pictorial (English) - - Contents -

Renowned Bri­tish sci­en­tist, his­to­rian and si­nol­o­gist Dr. Joseph Need­ham (1900-1995) was known for his sci­en­tific re­search and writ­ing on the his­tory of Chi­nese sci­ence and es­pe­cially “Need­ham’s Grand Ques­tion.” Specif­i­cally, he asked why the me­te­oric rise of mod­ern sci­ence hap­pened only in the West de­spite Chi­nese so­ci­ety be­ing more ad­vanced in many ways in an­cient times. The ques­tion is now moot, how­ever, be­cause if trends con­tinue as they are, to­day’s me­te­oric rise in sci­ence will soon be led by China.

Af­ter the 18th CPC Na­tional Congress in late 2012, the Out­li­ne­ofthen­ation­al­strat­e­gy­ofinno­va­tion-driven­de­vel­op­ment spec­i­fied that in­no­va­tion in sci­en­tific re­search would be the core of China’s com­pre­hen­sive devel­op­ment strat­egy. Since then, the coun­try’s achieve­ments in sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion have drawn global at­ten­tion, and China is back at the cut­ting edge of in­ter­na­tional sci­ence.

The speed of China’s sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal progress has only in­creased in re­cent decades. Now, its out­put speed in sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal achieve­ments even ex­ceeds the coun­try’s eco­nomic growth rate. China’s an­nual sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal out­put ranks sec­ond in the world, and the coun­try is quickly clos­ing in on the United States. China’s sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­sti­tutes lead the world in terms of the rapid growth in high- qual­ity sci­en­tific out­put. Of the 100 global in­sti­tutes with the big­gest re­cent in­creases in sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal out­put, 40 are in China.

Rapid sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal devel­op­ment is the re­sult of the long-term in­vest­ment from the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment. Across the past three decades, fund­ing of China’s Na­tional Nat­u­ral Sci­ence Foun­da­tion has in­creased by 300 times. Ac­cord­ing to the lat­est statis­tics from the Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion and Devel­op­ment, China’s re­search and devel­op­ment spend­ing sur­passed Ja-

pan in 2009 and Europeope in 2013 and is ex­pect­edted to over­take the United ed States by 2020. This mas­sive in­put has en­abled ed China to reap a hand­fuld­ful of top global achieve­ments,ents, and lo­cal­iza­tion is ris­ing. . Jiao­long, China’s do­mes­ti­cally y de­signed and de­vel­oped manned sub­mersible, has cre­ated a world record in terms of deep-sea div­ing. China Rail­way High-speed 2 (CRH2)2) trains reach the world’s top op­er­at­ing speed at 486.1 kilo­me­ters per hour. The suc­cess­ful de­but of China’s C919 jumbo jets made the coun­try one of the few in the world be­ing able to de­velop large pas­sen­ger aircraft. China’s quan­tum com­puter, which was un­veiled this May, is the first ma­chine based on sin­gle pho­tons to dwarf the clas­si­cal com­puter. The Five- hun­dred- me­ter Aper­ture Spher­i­cal Tele­scope (FAST), known as the “Eye of Heaven” in China, is the world’s largest and most sen­si­tive radio tele­scope. It is ex­pected to main­tain its world- class po­si­tion for the next 10 to 20 years.

Sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion has never been as close to Chi­nese so­ci­ety as it is to­day.

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