Overall Configuration for Building Chinese se Socialism
China’s overall configuration for building socialism covers developments elopments in politics, economy, culture, society, and the environment, which is the he strategic deployment of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, reflecting deep insight of the law of socialist construction.
This overall configuration emerged as a result of the constant pursuit ursuit of Chinese socialism following reform and opening up, through a better ter understanding of the nature of socialism and the means to bring it about. out. The strategy of focusing equal attention on material, cultural and ideological ogical progress was defined by the 12th National Congress in 1982. In 1986, 86, the Sixth Plenary Session of the 12th CPC Central Committee proposed the concept of “an overall configuration for socialist modernization” which combined ined economic, political and social development. The subsequent 15th and 16th National Congresses further defined and reiterated this three-part strategy. ategy. As the importance of social development grew in the early years of the 21st st Century, the 17th National Congress created a four-part configuration involving ving politics, economy, culture and society. At the 18th National Congress the environment nvironment was introduced as a fifth element, highlighting ecological conservation ation in the whole process of the other four areas.
The overall configuration is an important addition to the theory ory and practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It clarifies the e main priorities and the general orientation of the theory, provides a blueprint print and the overall guidelines for the realization of the Two Centenary Goals and the Chinese Dream, and marks a step forward in the Party’s understanding derstanding of its core principles.
The overall configuration is an organic unit. Only by ensuring all-round ll-round and coordinated development in all five areas can China establish a favorable pattern of economic affluence, political democracy, cultural prosperity, erity, social justice, and a sound environment, and build itself into a modern n socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious.
Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy
Since the 18th National Congress, the CPC Central Committee with Xi J in pin ga tits core has created and promoted the Four-pronged Comp re henmprehensive Strategy. This involves comprehensive ly completing the buildingng of a moderately prosperous society, comprehensive ly deepening reform ,, comprehensive ly advancing law-based governance and comprehensively strengthenrengthenin gP ar ty discipline, to further the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics as a whole.
As Xi Jinping pointed out: “The Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy comprises both strategic objectives and strategic measures, and each ch of the four ‘comprehensives’ is of strategic importance. It serves as the overall verall strategy of governance by the Party under the new conditions, and guarantees rantees the long-term development of the Party and the country.”
Comprehensively completing the building of a moderately prosperous perous society by 2020 is the major strategic objective, taking the leading role in the Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy. Comprehensively deepening ng reform, comprehensively advancing law-based governance, and comprehensively sively strengthening Party discipline are support measures to ensure the major objective is achieved as scheduled. Comprehensively deepening reform form is designed to remedy China’s institutional shortcomings; comprehensively sively advancing law-based governance serves to promote legalization, stan dar dizaandardization, and institutionalization of the country and society, and is an important mportant guarantee of peace and stability in the Party and the country; comp re henprehensively strengthening Party discipline, as the fundamental support too the other three, is essential to enhancing competence in governance of the country ountry in order to maintain the highest Party standards.