Wang Huay­ong: Big-time Rice

China Pictorial (English) - - Contents - Based on re­ports from China Daily and Xin­hua

Agri­cul­ture serves as the foun­da­tion of a coun­try, and in a re­mote vil­lage, grow­ing rice is the foun­da­tion of peo­ple’s liveli­hood. So it is for Wang Huay­ong, a del­e­gate to the 19th CPC Na­tional Con­gress. He car­ries a par­tic­u­larly heavy bur­den, how­ever: As a vil­lage Party chief, he is con­stantly en­deav­or­ing to grow more and bet­ter rice.

Wang, 47, now serves as Party sec­re­tary of Zhao­ji­a­chong Vil­lage in Yanggu’ao Town­ship of Longhui County, Shaoyang City, in cen­tral China’s Hu­nan Prov­ince.

In the late 1990s, Wang worked for a

brick fac­tory in Xiangx­i­ang City, Hu­nan Prov­ince, where he earned his first wind­fall. At al­most the same time, the grain sup­ply-de­mand re­la­tion­ship on the in­ter­na­tional mar­ket changed. The pre­vi­ous bal­anced de­mand-sup­ply re­la­tion no longer ex­isted, lead­ing to a surge in food prices be­fore the “world food cri­sis” in the early 21st Cen­tury. In an ar­ti­cle in The Economist ti­tled “The End of Cheap Food,” the ed­i­tors noted that by the end of 2007, the mag­a­zine’s food-price in­dex reached its high­est point since the pub­li­ca­tion’s found­ing in the 1840s.

Against this back­drop, Wang de­cided to re­turn to ru­ral ar­eas and be­come a farmer again. The mi­grant worker turned farmer­en­trepreneur tried his hand at rice grow­ing in 2009 af­ter con­tract­ing 156 mu (10.4 hectares) of farm­land through an in­di­vid­ual land trans­fer in Leifeng Vil­lage of Yanggu’ao Town­ship. He planned to per­form high-yield test­ing on su­per rice. Known as “su­per rice” in China, hy­brid rice is pro­duced by cross­breed­ing dif­fer­ent strains of rice. About 65 per­cent of the Chi­nese de­pend on rice as a sta­ple food. Af­ter a suc­cess­ful test, Wang shared his sci­en­tific pro­duc­tion tech­niques and ex­pe­ri­ence with 314 farm­ing house­holds around Yanggu’ao Town­ship and helped them grow more than 1,100 mu (74 hectares) of su­per rice.

In 2011, Wang’s team man­aged ed a yield of 926.6 kilo­grams of su­per rice per permu mu (0.07 hectares), break­ing the world ld record in rice out­put and solv­ing a tough h prob­lem con­cern­ing the yield of su­per rice e that even trou­bled China’s “fa­ther of hy­brid d rice” Yuan Long­ping.

Wang adopted the motto—“de­velop de­velop hy­brid rice and ben­e­fit the world”—af­ter ”—af­ter in­spi­ra­tion from Chi­nese agri­cul­tural ural sci­en­tist and ed­u­ca­tor Yuan Long­ping. ng. Yuan was also Wang’s men­tor in grow­ing ng su­per rice. Wang said Yuan’s mes­sage mo­ti­vated him to help lo­cal farm­ers grow good ood rice and achieve a mas­sive out­put of su­per uper rice sur­pass­ing 1,000 kilo­grams per mu.

Wang be­lieves that in­no­va­tion led by sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy is an im­por­tant method of trans­form­ing cur­rent agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion modes. He es­tab­lished sev­eral demon­stra­tion bases to mo­bi­lize lo­cal farm­ers to grow high-qual­ity rice. He also opened classes to give lo­cals hand­son lessons about the en­tirety of farm­ing pro­ce­dures from se­lect­ing seeds, sow­ing, trans­plant­ing, ap­ply­ing fer­til­izer, dry­ing and wa­ter­ing to reap­ing and stor­ing, and even built a tech­nique ser­vice cen­ter to of­fer free in­struc­tion on sci­en­tific grow­ing.

In the wake of Wang’s ar­rival, su­per rice has pre­vailed in the re­gion, with 25,000 mu (1,667 hectares) of paddy fields in Yanggu’ao and more than 160,000 mu (10,667 hectares) of crop­land in neigh­bor­ing coun­ties and towns trans­formed into su­per rice plan­ta­tion fields.

For Wang, the wheels of progress did not stop. He deeply con­sid­ered how to make more money to help lo­cal farm­ers earn a sta­ble in­come and help lift them out of poverty and point them to­wards prosperity. He set up a su­per rice farmer pro­fes­sional co­op­er­a­tive to help farm­ers sell and process un­husked rice. The co­op­er­a­tive en­abled the rice to sell for 30 per­cent higher than the mar­ket price and en­sured zero risk for the har­vest, bring­ing high pro­duc­tion and in­come to lo­cals.

Luo Xiaoyan, head of Yanggu’ao Town- ship, praised Wang’s ef­forts to build the demon­stra­tion base and pro­mote su­per rice to “bring gen­uine ben­e­fits to lo­cal farm­ers.”

“Farm­ers’ earn­ings in­creased when their agri­cul­tural prod­ucts sold well on the mar­ket,” ex­plained Luo. “They also made money de­vel­op­ing ru­ral tourism by open­ing house­hold inns and a sight­see­ing base to at­tract tourists.”

“It’s a great honor for a farmer like me to be elected a del­e­gate to the CPC Na­tional Con­gress,” re­marked Wang. “I will help more farm­ers mas­ter more sci­en­tific farm­ing skills and im­prove their lives in the coun­try­side.”

Au­gust 11, 2017: Wang Huay­ong stands in the rice fields where he has been work­ing. As a vil­lage Party chief, he is con­stantly en­deav­or­ing to grow big­ger yields of rice. IC

Oc­to­ber 10, 2014: Farm­ers un­husk newly har­vested rice in Hongx­ing Vil­lage, Xupu County, Hu­nan Prov­ince. Su­per rice is al­ready planted in a num­ber of prov­inces in China. VCG

Septem­ber 29, 2015: Wang (sec­ond right) ac­com­pa­nies ex­perts from China’s Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture to ran­domly draw sam­ples from a su­per rice field to test out­put in Leifeng Vil­lage, Yanggu’ao Town­ship. VCG

Septem­ber 29, 2015: Ex­perts from China’s Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture test the yield of su­per rice cul­ti­vated in Leifeng Vil­lage, Yanggu’ao Town­ship, un­der Wang’s guid­ance. VCG

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