So­cial­ism with Chi­nese Char­ac­ter­is­tics for a New Era

China Pictorial (English) - - Contents - Text by Zhang Xix­ian The au­thor is a pro­fes­sor and doc­toral tu­tor at the Party School of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee.

The re­port Xi Jin­ping de­liv­ered at the 19th Na­tional Con­gress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) de­clared that so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics has crossed the thresh­old into a new era. And the ex­act mean­ing of “so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics en­ter­ing a new era” has be­come a widely dis­cussed topic around the world.

The “new era” is based on the Chi­nese na­tion’s tremen­dous trans­for­ma­tion—it has stood up, grown rich and be­come strong.

Be­fore the found­ing of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China in 1949, the Chi­nese na­tion en­dured more than a cen­tury of end­less revo­lu­tion­ary strug­gles. Prior to 1949, im­pe­ri­al­ism, feu­dal­ism, and feu­dal war­lords op­pressed the Chi­nese peo­ple and de­stroyed the Chi­nese so­cial and eco­nomic bases. In 1951, the Chi­nese pop­u­la­tion ac­counted for one fourth of the world’s to­tal, but the coun­try’s gross na­tional prod­uct (GNP) was only US$10 bil­lion and to­tal state rev­enue was 10 bil­lion yuan (US$1.51 bil­lion). In 1950, the lat­ter fig­ure was only 6.2 bil­lion yuan (US$937 mil­lion).

Start­ing from scratch, the Chi­nese peo­ple be­gan build­ing their own coun­try un­der the lead­er­ship of the CPC. Af­ter 28 years of in­de­pen­dent hard work, by the end of 1979, China’s GNP and state rev­enue had reached US$100 bil­lion and 114.6 bil­lion yuan (US$17.3 bil­lion), re­spec­tively. The same year, the GNP of the United States was US$2.6 tril­lion, 26 times higher than that of China. Per capita in­come in the U.S. was about 100 times that of China.

By 1999, two decades af­ter the re­form and open­ing-up pol­icy was im­ple­mented, China’s GNP and state rev­enue ex­ceeded US$1 tril­lion and one tril­lion yuan (US$150.7 bil­lion), re­spec­tively. In 2010, China’s gross do­mes­tic prod­uct (GDP) sur­passed Ja­pan’s for the first time, mak­ing the coun­try the sec­ond largest econ­omy in the world.

Ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Bureau of Sta­tis­tics of China, the growth rate of China’s GDP in the third quar­ter of this year reached 6.8 per­cent and the GNP of the coun­try is ex­pected to sur­pass US$12 tril­lion in 2017. At present, China’s econ­omy still main­tains an­nual growth by more than six per­cent. More im­por­tantly, its eco­nomic struc­ture con­tin­ues to be op­ti­mized and new driv­ers of growth con­stantly emerge. All signs show that China’s strength will only fur­ther in­crease un­der the guide­lines set at the 19th CPC Na­tional Con­gress.

“So­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics in a new era” ” means that with more in­ter­na­tional in­flu­ence, China is catch­ing up to and sur­pass­ing the pro­duc­tive power of cap­i­tal­ist coun­tries.

Build­ing on past de­vel­op­ment, the Chi­nese peo­ple have ve re­al­ized in­no­va­tion-driven de­vel­op­ment and his­toric re­forms over the past five years since the 18th CPC Na­tional Con­gress in 2012, un­der the lead­er­ship of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Gen­eral Sec­re­tary Xi Jin­ping at its core.

Now China has been at the fore­front of the world in terms erms of

eco­nomic and tech­no­log­i­cal strength, de­fense ca­pa­bil­i­ties, and com­pre­hen­sive na­tional strength. China’s in­ter­na­tional stand­ing has risen un­prece­dent­edly. The Party, the peo­ple, the armed forces, and the na­tion have changed in ways no one could have pre­dicted. The Chi­nese na­tion, with an en­tirely new pos­ture, now stands tall and firm in the East, ra­di­at­ing boom­ing sci­en­tific so­cial­ism in the 21st Cen­tury.

In this era, China has been mov­ing closer to the cen­ter stage of the world, with the ban­ner of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics fly­ing high. China is blaz­ing new paths for other de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to achieve mod­ern­iza­tion. It of­fers an al­ter­na­tive for other coun­tries that wish to speed up de­vel­op­ment while pre­serv­ing their in­de­pen­dence. Fur­ther­more, China of­fers Chi­nese wis­dom and a Chi­nese ap­proach to solv­ing the prob­lems fac­ing mankind.

The con­cept of build­ing a com­mu­nity with a shared fu­ture for mankind pro­posed by China is be­com­ing a new model for so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics to fa­cil­i­tate world de­vel­op­ment in the 21st Cen­tury.

China has set a two-stage de­vel­op­ment plan for the pe­riod from 2020 to the mid­dle of this cen­tury: Move on from a “mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety” to ba­si­cally achieve “so­cial­ist mod­ern­iza­tion” by 2035 and be­come a “great mod­ern so­cial­ist coun­try” by 2049, namely the 100th an­niver­sary of the found­ing of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China.

Oc­to­ber 12, 2016: A ro­bot at the Na­tional Mass En­trepreneur­ship p and In­no­va­tion Week in Shen­zhen. Xin­hua

A Fux­ing bul­let train runs on the Beijing-tian­jin In­ter- city Rail­way. The home­grown train can op­er­ate at a speed of 350 kilo­me­ters per hour, the fastest in the world. Xin­hua

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