Re­form­ing Towards Sci­en­tific Struc­ture for Ex­er­cis­ing Power

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China Pictorial (English) - - Front Page - Li Yongzhong

China’s re­form of the na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem, which is closely re­lated to its an­ti­cor­rup­tion cam­paign, is em­pha­sized by the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) as a “ma­jor struc­tural po­lit­i­cal re­form that has a di­rect im­pact on the big pic­ture.”

China’s anti-graft drive since the 18th CPC Na­tional Congress has re­sulted in re­mark­able out­comes. The goal that those in power do not dare to com­mit cor­rup­tion has been ba­si­cally achieved. Ac­cord­ing to the Re­por­ton­the­workof the18th Cen­tral­com­mis­sion­fordis­ci­pline In­spec­tion, 440 of­fi­cials at or above pro­vin­cial or corps level had been in­ves­ti­gated for cor­rup­tion since the 18th CPC Na­tional Congress. Among them, 43 were mem­bers or al­ter­nate mem­bers of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, and nine mem­bers of the Cen­tral Com­mis­sion for Dis­ci­pline In­spec­tion (CCDI) were in­ves­ti­gated. More than 8,900 city-level of­fi­cials and over 63,000 county-level of­fi­cials were pun­ished dur­ing that pe­riod. A to­tal of 58,000 peo­ple have been handed over to ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties for sus­pected cor­rup­tion. A re­view of the anti-graft cam­paign dur­ing the past five years shows that the num­ber of cor­rupt of­fi­cials has de­creased sig­nif­i­cantly thanks to such tough mea­sures and dis­ci­pline. And the goal of en­sur­ing of­fi­cials dare not at­tempt cor­rup­tion has been achieved ba­si­cally. How­ever, we should take a sober look at the goal, which has just been achieved at a ba­sic level, not com­pre­hen­sively. Party mem­bers should res­o­lutely safe­guard the au­thor­ity of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Xi Jin­ping at the core. As the “time to de­velop a per­ma­nent cure and sup­port from the peo­ple are gained from an ac­cu­mu­la­tion of tem­po­rary so­lu­tions,” only by shift­ing from tem­po­rary so­lu­tions to a per­ma­nent cure can the goal of those with power dar­ing not ever com­mit cor­rup­tion be fully achieved.

On Oc­to­ber 27, 2016, the com­mu­niqué of the Sixth Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee re­ferred to “the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Com­rade Xi at the core.” At 7:55 p.m. on Novem­ber 7, 2016, the CCDI, China’s supreme anti-cor­rup­tion watch­dog, pub­lished on its web­site the news that the Gen­eral Of­fice of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee re­leased a plan for a pilot re­form pro­gram in Bei­jing, Shanxi Prov­ince and Zhe­jiang Prov­ince. Ac­cord­ing to the plan, su­per­vi­sion com­mis­sions will be set up in th­ese three places to ex­plore new mech­a­nisms and sys­tems. The doc­u­ment stressed that the re­form of the na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem is a “ma­jor struc­tural po­lit­i­cal re­form that will have a di­rect im­pact on the big pic­ture” and is the top-level de­sign. On De­cem­ber 25, 2016, the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress (NPC), China’s top leg­isla­tive body, ap­proved a de­ci­sion to carry out the pilot pro­gram of re­form­ing the na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem in th­ese e three places. The de­ci­sion stated that at “the re­form of the su­per­vi­sion sys­tem tem and the es­tab­lish­ment of su­per­vi­sory ory com­mis­sions for a cen­tral­ized, uni­fied, fied, au­thor­i­ta­tive, and highly-ef­fi­cient na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem are a ma­jor struc­tural po­lit­i­cal re­form that at has a di­rect im­pact on the big pic­ture.” ure.” Less than two months af­ter Xi Jin­ping ping was for­mally iden­ti­fied as the core of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, the plan lan for the pilot pro­gram was re­leased, and fi­nally ap­proved by the NPC.

What is the goal for the re­form m of the na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem? ? Ex­pe­ri­ence across four decades of China’s re­form and open­ing up has s shown that the em­pha­sis of eco­nomic mic re­form falls on re­struc­tur­ing, while po­lit­i­cal re­form also fo­cuses on struc­tural ad­just­ment. Many peo­ple e don’t un­der­stand why the pilot pro­gram was iden­ti­fied by the CPC C Cen­tral Com­mit­tee as a “ma­jor struc­tural po­lit­i­cal re­form that has a di­rect im­pact on the big pic­ture.” Some ome have opined that it is merely an­other er stronger anti-graft mea­sure while oth­ers say that the Party dis­ci­pline watch­dog is ex­pand­ing its power. They didn’t iden­tify the re­la­tion­ship be­tween ween the pilot re­form pro­gram and what t Xi Jin­ping called “form­ing sci­en­tific c struc­ture to ex­er­cise power.” We can an see from the high­lights of the past five years that the key to the “four­pronged com­pre­hen­sive strat­egy” is to com­pre­hen­sively strengthen Party ty dis­ci­pline, which will be paved by a strong anti-graft cam­paign. The ma­jor ajor anti-cor­rup­tion move­ment dur­ing the past five years has gained crush­ing mo­men­tum.

But how can this mo­men­tum be e op­ti­mally tapped? The CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee has made two ma­jor de­ci­sions: First, “the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee with Com­rade Xi Jin­ping ng at the core” was of­fi­cially de­clared at t

the Sixth Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee; Se­cond, the pilot pro­gram that “has a di­rect im­pact on the big pic­ture” was re­leased later. Logic dic­tates that su­per­vi­sion com­mis­sions are ac­tu­ally an­ti­cor­rup­tion or­gans. And the re­form of the su­per­vi­sion sys­tem is to re­place su­per­vi­sion bod­ies af­fil­i­ated with lo­cal govern­ments with su­per­vi­sion or­gans elected by the peo­ple’s con­gresses at var­i­ous lev­els. The newly elected su­per­vi­sion or­gans, with sta­tus equal to ad­min­is­tra­tive bod­ies at the same level, su­per­vise their ad­min­is­tra­tion. Mean­while, they will also “su­per­vise those ex­er­cis­ing pub­lic power.” This re­form sep­a­rates su­per­vi­sion bod­ies from the ad­min­is­tra­tion. And the goal of deep­en­ing the re­form of the na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem is meant to im­prove the self-su­per­vi­sion of the Party and the coun­try. To achieve this end, mod­ern­iza­tion of the coun­try’s gov­ern­ing sys­tem and ca­pa­bil­i­ties (one of China’s five goals on mod­ern­iza­tion) should be given close at­ten­tion. Mod­ern­iza­tion of the gov­ern­ing sys­tem should be ac­com­plished by form­ing sci­en­tific struc­ture to ex­er­cise power, while mod­ern­iza­tion of the lat­ter re­quires a re­form of the sys­tem to se­lect of­fi­cials.

Ac­cord­ingly, the re­form of the na­tional su­per­vi­sion sys­tem is con­ducive to anti-graft. It is also con­ducive to form­ing sci­en­tific struc­ture to ex­er­cise power and re­con­struct­ing po­lit­i­cal ecol­ogy and helps com­pre­hen­sively strengthen Party dis­ci­pline in the new era, so that the re­form of the lead­er­ship of the CPC and the coun­try can be achieved and the great so­cial rev­o­lu­tion can de­velop through self-rev­o­lu­tion of the Party.

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