The Power of In­no­va­tion

In­no­va­tion The Power of VOL­UME 836

China Pictorial (English) - - Front Page - Text by Zhang Xue e

In re­cent years, China has made suc­ces­sive break­throughs in sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion as well as ma­jor project con­struc­tion. The Huiyan, China’s first X-ray astro­nom­i­cal satel­lite, was launched, the C919, China’s first large pas­sen­ger air­plane, made its maiden flight, the world’s first quan­tum com­puter was born in China, sea­wa­ter paddy fields be­gan trial op­er­a­tion, China’s first homegrown air­craft car­rier was launched, and the Haiyi un­der­wa­ter glider fin­ished its first deep-sea ex­plo­ration.

China has made tremen­dous progress in tech­no­log­i­cal de­vel­op­ment and be­come a torch­bearer in in­no­va­tion, which has be­come an im­por­tant driv­ing force for the coun­try’s growth.

On Jan­uary 1, 2018, the 2017 State Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Awards honored 271 projects in three cat­e­gories―the State Nat­u­ral Sci­ence Award, Na­tional Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Progress Award and State Tech­no­log­i­cal In­ven­tion Award―and awarded nine in­di­vid­ual sci­en­tists. Wang Ze­shan, an aca­demi­cian at the Chi­nese Academy of En­gi­neer­ing (CAE) and pro­fes­sor at Nanjing Univer­sity of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy, and Hou Yunde, also an aca­demi­cian at the CAE and head of the In­sti­tute of Pathogen Bi­ol­ogy at the Chi­nese Academy of Med­i­cal Sciences, won the State Pre­em­i­nent Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Award, China’s high­est sci­en­tific honor, which was pre­sented by Chi­nese Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping. And seven for­eign sci­en­tists won the state award for international sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal co­op­er­a­tion.

Ex­plo­sive Sci­ence

Born in 1935, Wang Ze­shan claims he is a man of lim­ited abil­i­ties. “I dis­cov­ered I ex­celled at only one thing in the world,” he ex­plained. “I’m not good at any­thing ex­cept re­search­ing ex­plo­sives.” Over the past 63 years, he has ded­i­cated him­self to im­prov­ing ex­plo­sives.

Wang chose ex­plo­sive sci­ence when he was en­rolled in Harbin Mil­i­tary En­gi­neer­ing Col­lege in 1954, and it was not a pop­u­lar ma­jor. See­ing that so few peo­ple dared study it, he felt the dis­ci­pline was sorely needed by the coun­try. At that point, “do what my coun­try needs me to do” be­came his life-long motto.

“By fol­low­ing and copy­ing oth­ers, we’ll al­ways be re­stricted,” in­sists Wang. “Our tech­nol­ogy needs to lead the world.” As early as the 1980s, he and his team over­came the prob­lems re­lated to re­cy­cling spent ex­plo­sives by trans­form­ing them into civil­ian and mil­i­tary prod­ucts. This won him the first prize of the Na­tional Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Progress Award in 1993. In the 1990s, Wang de­vel­oped new ma­te­ri­als that are re­sis­tant to changes in tem­per­a­ture to im­prove the en­ergy uti­liza­tion and long-term stor­age of some ex­plo­sives. This world-stun­ning break­through won him the sole first prize of the State Tech­no­log­i­cal In­ven­tion Award in 1996.

Win­ning such awards was never the end goal for Wang. Long af­ter he reached re­tire­ment age, Wang and his team con­tin­ued to ex­plore new re­search ar­eas.

In 2016, af­ter two decades of ef­forts, Wang and his team solved emerg­ing tech­ni­cal prob­lems in ex­plo­sives for long-range and high-ve­loc­ity weapons that had both­ered his international col­leagues for a long time.

Sub­se­quently, Wang took China’s high­est sci­en­tific honor once again, be­com­ing one of only a hand­ful to win all of the na­tion’s three state-class sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy awards.

Up­grad­ing “Made in China”

An 800KV ul­tra-high-volt­age di­rectcur­rent trans­mis­sion project launched by State Grid Cor­po­ra­tion is one of the 217 projects to win this year’s State Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Awards. It boasted the high­est volt­age, great­est ca­pac­ity and fur­thest di­rect-cur­rent trans­mis­sion tech­nol­ogy in the world.

To­day, eco­nomic growth de­pends in­creas­ingly on en­ergy while the eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment de­mands cleaner power. Over 80 per­cent of China’s en­ergy re­sources are dis­trib­uted through the west­ern and north­ern ar­eas, while over 70 per­cent of power con­sump­tion is con­cen­trated in the eastern and mid­dle parts. The vast area in­volved in the west-to-east elec­tric­ity trans­mis­sion strat­egy ex­tends from 1,000 to more than 2,000 kilo­me­ters, re­quir­ing a grid with large ca­pac­ity and high ef­fi­ciency.

Us­ing the tech­no­log­i­cal break­through in power trans­mis­sion, China built 12 ul­tra-high volt­age di­rect-cur­rent trans­mis­sion sys­tems ca­pa­ble of tran­sit­ing 93.6 mil­lion kilo­watts in to­tal. Over 80 per­cent of the power comes from clean en­ergy sources, cut­ting 170 mil­lion tons of coal con­sump­tion and 450 mil­lion tons of car­bon emis­sions. The project has trans­ferred the re­source ad­van­tages of China’s west­ern ar­eas into eco­nomic growth, pro­moted an en­ergy rev­o­lu­tion and laid a solid foun­da­tion for the pre­ven­tion of air pol­lu­tion and the con­struc­tion of a beau­ti­ful China.

In 2014 and 2015, State Grid Cor­po­ra­tion won suc­ces­sive bid­ding for the first and se­cond phases of an 800KV ul­tra-high­volt­age di­rect-cur­rent trans­mis­sion project in Brazil’s Belo Monte. The com­pany also con­ducted project fea­si­bil­ity stud­ies for ul­tra­high-volt­age di­rect-cur­rent trans­mis­sion in­ter­con­nec­tion projects with Kaza­khstan, Rus­sia and Mon­go­lia. Fea­tur­ing a com­plete in­dus­trial chain and value chain, the com­pany has earned US$35 bil­lion from international co­op­er­a­tion projects.

“The in­ven­tion of ul­tra-high-volt­age

tech­nol­ogy has brought great changes to the world,” says Shu Yin­biao, chair­man of the cor­po­ra­tion. “The project has be­come a ster­ling brand and set high stan­dards for oth­ers in the con­struc­tion of the Belt and Road.”

Chi­nese Im­mune Sys­tem

Newly emerg­ing in­fec­tious dis­eases and out­breaks have posed great threats and chal­lenges for mankind. The 2003 Se­vere Acute Res­pi­ra­tory Syn­dromes (SARS) out­break caused great pain and re­mains fresh in Chi­nese peo­ple’s mem­o­ries. One prize this year was awarded to a tech­nol­ogy re­lated to the pre­ven­tion and con­trol of hu­man in­fec­tion of H7N9 bird flu.

In 2013 af­ter a strain of the avian in­fluenza virus took many lives, Li Lan­juan, an aca­demi­cian of the CAE and dean of the State Key Lab­o­ra­tory for In­fec­tious Dis­eases Di­ag­no­sis and Treat­ment at Zhe­jiang Univer­sity, was as­signed to re­search and com­bat the virus.

Li sug­gested the live-bird mar­kets be shut down. Af­ter con­sid­er­able ef­forts, she and her team made some ma­jor break­throughs: They in­vented “Li’s ar­ti­fi­cial liver,” founded new eti­ol­ogy, dis­cov­ered the source of in­fec­tion, ver­i­fied the patho­gen­e­sis, car­ried out clin­i­cal treat­ment and de­vel­oped a new vac­cine and di­ag­nos­tic tech­niques, ef­fec­tively con­trol­ling the spread of the H7N9 virus.

Sys­temic and tech­no­log­i­cal break­throughs in emerg­ing in­fec­tious dis­ease pre­ven­tion and treat­ment have pro­tected Chi­nese peo­ple’s health and re­sulted in rich Chi­nese ex­pe­ri­ence that can be shared with the world. International Co­op­er­a­tion

Since 1995, China has be­stowed prizes upon 113 for­eign experts and three international or­ga­ni­za­tions to honor their con­tri­bu­tions to international sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal co­op­er­a­tion. This year, seven for­eign experts were honored. Shavkat Sa­likhov, di­rec­tor of the In­sti­tute of Bioor­ganic Chem­istry of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbek­istan, was among them.

As early as 15 years ago, Sa­likhov be­gan col­lab­o­rat­ing with the Chi­nese Academy of Sciences (CAS). Over a decade and a half, the two sides jointly ed­u­cated over 20 post­grad­u­ates, ex­changed 20 vis­it­ing schol­ars and con­ducted 10 sci­en­tific re­search projects.

In 2013, af­ter a pro­posal by Sa­likhov, China and Uzbek­istan be­gan jointly build­ing the Cen­tral Asian Cen­ter for Re­search and De­vel­op­ment of Medicines in Tashkent, cap­i­tal of Uzbek­istan. The cen­ter is ded­i­cated to pro­duc­ing medicines that uti­lize nat­u­ral ad­van­tages of Cen­tral Asia, pro­mot­ing Chi­nese medicine to Cen­tral Asia and Europe and pop­u­lar­iz­ing Uzbek medicine with the Chi­nese pub­lic.

“For­eign experts have raised the lev­els of China’s international co­op­er­a­tion on sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion,” de­clares Chen Zhimin, deputy di­rec­tor of the Of­fice for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Awards. “By hon­or­ing them with awards, we hope to en­cour­age more for­eign sci­en­tists and or­ga­ni­za­tions to work with our coun­try’s tech­no­log­i­cal movers and shak­ers.”

June 24, 2014: China’s homegrown deep-sea manned sub­mersible Jiao­long is low­ered into the wa­ter. The next day, its moth­er­ship Xiangyanghong 09 took it to the north­west­ern Pa­cific Ocean for a trial. VCG

Septem­ber 6, 2017: Tech­ni­cians work on a ±800KV ul­tra-high-volt­age di­rect-cur­rent trans­mis­sion project from north­west­ern Yun­nan Prov­ince to Guang­dong Prov­ince. Xin­hua

Oc­to­ber 31, 2017: Li Ji­ayang (left), an aca­demi­cian with the In­sti­tute of Ge­net­ics and De­vel­op­men­tal Bi­ol­ogy at the Chi­nese Academy of Sciences, checks rice growth. Li’s new breed of rice won first prize at the State Nat­u­ral Sci­ence Awards. Xin­hua June...

De­cem­ber 9, 2016: A pho­tomon­tage shows a laser be­ing fired from a ground sta­tion in Ngari Pre­fec­ture in south­west­ern China’s Ti­bet Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion to the or­bit­ing Mozi, the world’s first quan­tum satel­lite, to con­duct a quan­tum tele­por­ta­tion...

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