Chinese So­lu­tions for Party Sys­tems

China’s new po­lit­i­cal sys­tem avoids short­com­ings of one-party rule such as a lack of demo­cratic su­per­vi­sion as well as the po­lit­i­cal upheaval caused by vi­cious com­pe­ti­tion be­tween mul­ti­ple po­lit­i­cal par­ties as they vie to rule the coun­try.

China Pictorial (English) - - FRONT PAGE - Text by Jiang Wei

Re­cently, Xi Jin­ping, gen­eral sec­re­tary of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, met with mem­bers from the China Demo­cratic League, the China Zhi Gong Party and the All-china Fed­er­a­tion of Re­turned Over­seas Chinese as well as those without party af­fil­i­a­tion who gathered in Beijing to at­tend the first ses­sion of the 13th Na­tional Com­mit­tee of the Chinese Peo­ple’s Po­lit­i­cal Con­sul­ta­tive Con­fer­ence (CPPCC), China’s top po­lit­i­cal ad­vi­sory body. Dur­ing the meet­ing, Xi stressed that China must un­remit­tingly con­sol­i­date and im­prove the multi-party co­op­er­a­tion and po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion sys­tem un­der the lead­er­ship of the CPC and tap into the unique po­ten­tial of multi-party co­op­er­a­tion to pro­vide prac­ti­cal ad­vice and pool wis­dom and strength for ad­vanc­ing so­cial­ist demo­cratic pol­i­tics.

Af­ter nearly 69 years of painstak­ing con­struc­tion and re­forms since its found­ing in 1949, the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China has de­vel­oped a po­lit­i­cal party sys­tem un­like any other coun­try around the world—a sys­tem fea­tur­ing multi-party co­op­er­a­tion un­der the lead­er­ship of the CPC, in which the CPC is the rul­ing party and other po­lit­i­cal par­ties par­tic­i­pate in the dis­cus­sion and man­age­ment of state af­fairs. This po­lit­i­cal party sys­tem was born in China, so it has dis­tinct Chinese char­ac­ter­is­tics: With the supreme lead­er­ship of the CPC as the pre­req­ui­site, the new type of party sys­tem aims to achieve unity, co­op­er­a­tion and win-win integration. In China, var­i­ous non-com­mu­nist par­ties are nei­ther ri­vals nor op­pos­ing par­ties, but friendly par­ties that par­tic­i­pate in the op­er­a­tion of state af­fairs. The sys­tem has ab­sorbed var­i­ous in­no­va­tions of world civ­i­liza­tions and is rich in demo­cratic val­ues.

More­over, the new type of po­lit­i­cal party sys­tem re­spects the will of the peo­ple and adopts a demo­cratic de­ci­sion-mak­ing mech­a­nism. China’s ma­jor poli­cies and de­ci­sions are not made by any sin­gle po­lit­i­cal party, but are de­signed through demo­cratic con­sul­ta­tion and sci­en­tific de­lib­er­a­tion be­tween the CPC and all other po­lit­i­cal par­ties. They pool their wis­dom to draw the blue­print for the fu­ture of the Chinese na­tion and unite to smoothly han­dle state af­fairs. China’s new type of po­lit­i­cal sys­tem has avoided short­com­ings of one-party rule such as a lack of demo­cratic su­per­vi­sion as well as the po­lit­i­cal upheaval caused by vi­cious com­pe­ti­tions among mul­ti­ple par­ties vy­ing for the chance to rule.

What con­sti­tutes this new type of po­lit­i­cal sys­tem?

First, the sys­tem com­bines the­ory and prac­tice. The the­o­ret­i­cal choice of the Cpc-led multi-party co­op­er­a­tion and po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion sys­tem is rooted in the his­tory of mod­ern and con­tem­po­rary China af­ter the Opium War in the 19th cen­tury. It is the choice of the Chinese peo­ple, of their own will, in the pur­suit for sal­va­tion of the na­tion. The sys­tem is an out­come of the blend­ing of Marx­ist party the­ory and China’s ac­tual con­di­tions. The de­vel­op­ment of a po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion sys­tem com­bin­ing the strength of the CPC, non-com­mu­nist par­ties and non-party per­son­ages has re­sulted in a great po­lit­i­cal in­ven­tion. The his­tory and achieve­ments of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China have shown that a new type of po­lit­i­cal sys­tem that in­te­grates the­ory and prac­tice can au­then­ti­cally, broadly and per­sis­tently rep­re­sent and pur­sue the fun­da­men­tal in­ter­ests of Chinese peo­ple of all eth­nic groups.

Sec­ond, the Cpc-led multi-party co­op­er­a­tion and po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion sys­tem in­te­grates democ­racy and

re­pub­li­can­ism. All po­lit­i­cal par­ties work to­gether for the com­mon goal of build­ing a stronger coun­try and im­prov­ing the peo­ple’s lives. They un­der­stand and com­mu­ni­cate with each other to ef­fec­tively avoid vi­cious com­pe­ti­tion be­tween par­ties.

Third, China has built a more ra­tio­nal and ef­fi­cient de­ci­sion­mak­ing mech­a­nism: con­sul­ta­tive democ­racy. In a broad sense, democ­racy could be cat­e­go­rized as ei­ther elec­toral or con­sul­ta­tive. Con­sid­er­ing its huge pop­u­la­tion, China needs an ef­fi­cient and ra­tio­nal de­ci­sion-mak­ing mech­a­nism. Po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion em­pha­sizes the role of the sys­tem and re­spects pro­ce­dures while avoid­ing so­cial frag­men­ta­tion caused by dis­agree­ments be­tween mul­ti­ple po­lit­i­cal par­ties. The po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion sys­tem ad­vo­cates con­cepts like “the whole world is one com­mu­nity,” “in­clu­sive­ness” and “seek­ing com­mon ground while shelv­ing dif­fer­ences” and rep­re­sents an im­por­tant con­tri­bu­tion to hu­man po­lit­i­cal civ­i­liza­tion.

The Cpc-led multi-party co­op­er­a­tion and po­lit­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion sys­tem is a unique in­no­va­tion forged in China. It is rooted in the soil of China. Ben­e­fit­ing from achieve­ments in the progress of hu­man pol­i­tics, it breaks the set pat­tern of party al­ter­ations and widens mankind’s vi­sion. It also show­cases China’s lat­est achieve­ments in party pol­i­tics and erects a mon­u­ment in the de­vel­op­ment of world pol­i­tics. China’s new type of po­lit­i­cal party sys­tem pro­vides a “Chinese so­lu­tion” for mankind to cre­ate a demo­cratic, har­mo­nious and beau­ti­ful po­lit­i­cal and so­cial life.

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