Pro­mot­ing Sus­tain­able Devel­op­ment in Pudong

Pudong now faces the prob­lem of fos­ter­ing growth mo­men­tum and pro­mot­ing sus­tain­able so­cial and eco­nomic devel­op­ment at a higher start­ing point.

China Pictorial (English) - - NEWS - Text by Zhou Hongchun

In 1990, China launched the devel­op­ment and open­ing up of Pudong New Area in Shang­hai. Deng Xiaop­ing, con­sid­ered the chief ar­chi­tect of China’s re­form and open­ing up, once elab­o­rated on the im­por­tance of Pudong’s open­ing up and devel­op­ment: “Shen­zhen faces Hong Kong, Zhuhai faces Ma­cao and Xi­a­men faces Tai­wan, but Pudong faces the Pa­cific Ocean— just across the pond from the United States and Europe, and even the whole world.” This state­ment un­doubt­edly el­e­vated the po­si­tion of Pudong’s devel­op­ment and open­ing up.

Af­ter 28 years of rapid devel­op­ment, Pudong has been trans­formed from a “bar­ren marsh” into the “bell­wether” of Chi­nese devel­op­ment, emerg­ing as an in­ter­na­tional eco­nomic, fi­nan­cial, trade and ship­ping hub. Pudong is also as proud of its so­cial progress as much as its eco­nomic devel­op­ment. It has be­come the rep­re­sen­ta­tive of China’s re­form and open­ing up and the epit­ome of Shang­hai’s mod­ern­iza­tion. Achieve­ments and Ex­pe­ri­ence

Shang­hai has con­sis­tently set records on the heights of build­ings over the past 28 years. At present, the metropo­lis is home to five sky­scrapers above 300 me­ters and 1,000-plus high-rises above 100 me­ters. Th­ese sky­scrapers serve as a tes­ta­ment to Shang­hai’s ur­ban and eco­nomic devel­op­ment. In Septem­ber 2016, China Cul­tural Relics Academy and the Ar­chi­tec­tural So­ci­ety of China jointly re­leased the first list of Chi­nese ar­chi­tec­tural her­itage of the 20th cen­tury. Both the Ori­en­tal Pearl Ra­dio & TV Tower (1995) and Shang­hai Jin­mao Tower (1999) in Pudong made the list.

Over the past 28 years, Pudong’s eco­nomic ag­gre­gate soared from six bil­lion yuan in 1990 to more than 965 bil­lion yuan in 2017. Dur­ing the same pe­riod, its to­tal fis­cal rev­enue rose from 1.1 bil­lion yuan to nearly 394 bil­lion yuan. To­day, 30,000 for­eign-funded en­ter­prises, 281 re­gional head­quar­ters of multi­na­tional cor­po­ra­tions, and the China (Shang­hai) Pilot Free Trade Zone all call Pudong home.

On July 22, 1990, the con­struc­tion of Lu­ji­azui Fi­nance and Trade Zone, ne, Jin­qiao Ex­port Pro­cess­ing Zone and nd Waigao­qiao Free Trade Zone was launched in Shang­hai. Now, the three ree zones all of­fer dis­tinc­tive ad­van­tages. es. Lu­ji­azui is home to nearly 40,000 en­ter­prises from home and abroad d which form an in­dus­trial sys­tem with ith fi­nance, ship­ping and trade as its core. ore. Jin­qiao has up­graded to in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing and built an eco­sphere ere in­volv­ing bi­o­log­i­cal medicine, big data and the In­ter­net of Things. In 2017, 7, the to­tal im­port and ex­port vol­ume e of Waigao­qiao reached nearly 796 bil­lion yuan, with the in­dus­tries of in­ter­na­tional trade, modern lo­gis­tics cs and ex­port pro­cess­ing as the three pil­lars. Waigao­qiao has be­come an im­por­tant in­ter­na­tional trade cen­ter er in Shang­hai and even in China.

Pudong’s de­vel­op­men­tal ex­perieri­ence has fos­tered cer­tainty on four ur ma­jor pieces of ad­vice: First, al­ways ays stick to the re­form and open­ing up. Sec­ond, pro­mote ba­sic devel­op­ment, ent, mor­pho­log­i­cal devel­op­ment and func­tional devel­op­ment in a coor- di­nated man­ner. Third, ad­here to ser­vice-ori­ented func­tions. Pudong’s ng’s devel­op­ment and open­ing up should uld

not only serve the devel­op­ment of Shang­hai and the Yangtze River Delta, but also aim to en­hance the devel­op­ment of the whole coun­try and the world at large. Fourth, the con­struc­tion of both ma­te­rial and spir­i­tual civ­i­liza­tions should be car­ried out si­mul­ta­ne­ously.

Road to Sus­tain­able Devel­op­ment

Pudong now faces the prob­lem of fos­ter­ing growth mo­men­tum and pro­mot­ing sus­tain­able so­cial and eco­nomic devel­op­ment from a higher start­ing point. I be­lieve that ef­forts should be made in the fol­low­ing ways:

Eco­nomic pros­per­ity re­mains the pre­req­ui­site for Pudong’s sus­tain­able devel­op­ment. Pudong should ac­cel­er­ate its in­dus­trial re­struc­tur­ing and main­tain its strong in­dus­trial base. With the mis­sion to build a na­tional man­u­fac­tur­ing model zone as an op­por­tu­nity, Pudong should fo­cus on strate­gic emerg­ing in­dus­tries in­clud­ing the new-gen­er­a­tion in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy, in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing equip­ment, bio­med­i­cal and high-end med­i­cal equip­ment, and the aero­space in­dus­try. It should tar­get the mid-to-high end of the global value chain.

In­no­va­tion serves as the im­pe­tus for Pudong’s sus­tain­able devel­op­ment. Pudong should en­hance ap­pli­ca­tion depth, in­te­gra­tion and in­no­va­tion of new tech­nolo­gies, in­clud­ing the in­ter­net, big data, ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence and blockchain, to build a model na­tional smart city. Trans­for­ma­tion and up­grad­ing of the con­sump­tion struc­ture should be pro­moted, and new con­sump­tion modes fa­cil­i­tated by cut­ting-edge “In­ter­net Plus” tech­nolo­gies should be en­cour­aged. Devel­op­ment of the man­u­fac­tur­ing-re­lated ser­vice in­dus­try should be ac­cel­er­ated. Sup­port should be given to pri­vate en­ter­prises to pro­mote their devel­op­ment, and in­no­va­tion should serve as the fuel for the area’s sus­tain­able devel­op­ment.

Pro­fes­sion­als act as the foun­da­tion for Pudong’s sus­tain­able devel­op­ment. Pudong should im­prove its hu­man re­source pol­icy and cre­ate a sound en­vi­ron­ment for in­no­va­tion, which will at­tract more pro­fes­sion­als in strate­gic sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy as well as more lead­ing sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal tal­ent, young sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal pro­fes­sion­als and high-cal­iber in­no­va­tion teams. The in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try should be driven to de­velop fur­ther, which will pro­vide key hu­man re­source sup­port for Pudong’s trans­for­ma­tion and up­grad­ing.

Higher-level in­te­gra­tion be­tween ur­ban and ru­ral ar­eas needs to be pro­moted. Ur­ban devel­op­ment bot­tom lines on land re­sources, pop­u­la­tion, eco­log­i­cal pro­tec­tion and se­cu­rity guar­an­tees should be main­tained. In­ef­fi­cient and back­ward pro­duc­tion ca­pac­i­ties should be ad­justed or elim­i­nated. A cir­cu­lar econ­omy such as re­cy­cling re­new­able re­sources with the help of “In­ter­net Plus” tech­nolo­gies should be pro­moted. A safe and ef­fi­cient pub­lic util­ity net­work should be con­structed, and a con­ve­nient and smooth tran­sit net­work should be built.

Ef­forts to pro­tect and im­prove the eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment should con­tinue. Pro­mo­tion of the con­certed devel­op­ment of pro­duc­tion, liveli­hood and the ecol­ogy should hap­pen in a co­or­di­nated way. The fo­cal point of work re­mains get­ting PM2.5 and ozone con­cen­tra­tion un­der con­trol. A new clean air cam­paign should be launched, and so­cial and eco­nomic sus­tain­able devel­op­ment should be sup­ported by a high-qual­ity eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment.

Con­struc­tion of the eco- space should be re­in­forced. Pub­lic space func­tion­al­ity of the east bank of the Huangpu River should be im­proved, and a new coun­try­side land­scape fea­tur­ing “a re­gion of lakes, rivers, and pas­toral scenery” should be cre­ated. An as­sess­ment sys­tem for eco­log­i­cal civ­i­liza­tion con­struc­tion should be es­tab­lished. Greater fi­nan­cial sup­port should be di­verted to bol­ster sus­tain­able devel­op­ment. Green trans­porta­tion, con­sump­tion and res­i­dences should be en­cour­aged, and the gen­eral pub­lic should be en­cour­aged to par­tic­i­pate in the con­struc­tion of the eco­log­i­cal civ­i­liza­tion.

Com­pre­hen­sive treat­ment of the wa­ter en­vi­ron­ment should be strength­ened. The lay­out for the river sys­tem should be de­signed rea­son­ably. The pilot con­struc­tion of the Shang­hai Sponge City pro­gram, launched in 2016, should be ac­cel­er­ated in Pudong. The river chief scheme should be put into stan­dard prac­tice and the long-term mech­a­nism for wa­ter treat­ment should be im­proved.

The au­thor is a re­searcher with the Devel­op­ment Re­search Cen­ter of China’s State Coun­cil.

Es­tab­lished in Pudong in July 1992, Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park aims to be a “sci­ence city” suit­able for res­i­den­tial liv­ing. by Liu Si­hong

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