我国公立中医医院人力资源发展现状与对策

CJI (Traditional Chinese Medicine) - - Chinese Journal Of Information On Traditional Chin -

胡艳敏1,李海玉 2,薛明 3,赵阳 1,姜威 1,李彦文 1,李宗友 1

1.中国中医科学院中医药信息研究所,北京 100700;2.中国中医科学院中医基础理论研究所,北京 100700;

3.国家卫生与计划生育委员会统计信息中心,北京 100044

摘要:目的 通过对我国公立中医医院人力资源统计数据分析,全面掌握公立中医医院人力资源发展现状和趋势,为管理部门提供决策参考。方法 数据来源于国家卫生与计划生育委员会统计信息中心,对 2010-

2015 年我国公立中医医院人员数量、平均发展速度、年均增长速度及卫生人员年龄、学历、职称构成等指标加以分析。结果 全国公立中医医院中医药人员呈增长趋势,年平均增长速度 5.9%,但中医药人员占同类人员比例增长仅为 0.3%。2015 年,公立医院中医药人员占同类人员比例不足50%;公立中医医院医护比为 1∶

1.18;公立中医医院执业(助理)医师中,研究生、大学学历人员所占比例分别为 14.0%、48.0%,不及全国医院平均水平。结论 2010-2015年,我国公立中医医院中医药人员总量增加,但中医药人员所占比例偏低;公立中医医院医护比渐趋合理,但与全国医院平均水平相比尚存在一定差距;卫生技术人员整体趋于年轻化,高学历人员比例有所增加,但高、中级职称人员比例减少。建议管理部门采取相应措施,促进中医医院人力资源合理配置及发展。

关键词:公立中医医院;人力资源;现状分析

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-5304.2017.10.002

中图分类号:R197.322 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1005-5304(2017)10-0005-05

Analysis on Current Status and Countermeasures of Health Personnel Development of Public TCM Hospitals

HU Yan-min1, LI Hai-yu2, XUE Ming3, ZHAO Yang1, JIANG Wei1, LI Yan-wen1, LI Zong-you1 (1. Institute of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China; 2. Institute of Basic Theory for Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China; 3. Center for Statistics and Information, National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100044, China)

Abstract: Objective To grasp the current situation and trend of health personnel development in public TCM hospitals through the analysis of health personnel statistics data of public TCM hospitals in China; To provide decision-making references for management departments. Methods Data were from the National Health and Family Planning Commission Statistical Information Center. This article analyzed staff number, the average speed of development, the average annual growth rate, health staff age, academic qualifications and job titles and other indicators of TCM public hospitals during 2010-2015. Results From 2010 to 2015, there was an annual increasing tendency of the number of TCM health personnel, and the average annual growth rate was 5.9%, but the growth of the percentage of the TCM health personnel to the total health personnel was only 0.3%. In 2015, the proportion of TCM health personnel was less than 50%; the doctor-to-nurse ratio was 1:1.18; the educational level of postgraduate and undergraduate were 14.0% and 48.0% respectively, less than the average level of national hospitals. Conclusion From 2010 to 2015, there is an increasing tendency of the TCM health personnel of public TCM hospitals, but the proportion of TCM health personnel is low. The doctor-to-nurse ratio is reasonable gradually, but there is still a gap compared with the average level of the national hospitals. The average age of technical health personnel tends to be

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