China as­serts public health as hu­man right

Av­er­age life ex­pectancy of Chinese rises to 76.5 years: white pa­per

Global Times - Weekend - - TOP NEWS - Xin­hua

The Chinese gov­ern­ment on Fri­day pub­lished a white pa­per on public health, stress­ing that health is a pre­con­di­tion for the sur­vival of hu­man­ity and the de­vel­op­ment of hu­man so­ci­ety.

Re­leased by the State Coun­cil In­for­ma­tion Of­fice, the white pa­per, ti­tled “De­vel­op­ment of China’s Public Health as an Es­sen­tial El­e­ment of Hu­man Rights,” in­tro­duced facts about the de­vel­op­ment of public health as an es­sen­tial el­e­ment of hu­man rights in China.

The right to health is a ba­sic hu­man right rich in con­no­ta­tions and the guar­an­tee for a life of dig­nity, ac­cord­ing to the white pa­per.

Ev­ery­one is en­ti­tled to the high­est stan­dard of health, equally avail­able and ac­ces­si­ble, it said.

Ac­cord­ing to the white pa­per, the av­er­age life ex­pectancy of the Chinese rose to 76.5 years in 2016 from 67.9 years in 1981.

Ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity dropped from 88.9 per 100,000 per­sons in 1990 to 19.9 per 100,000 per­sons in 2016 and in­fant mor­tal­ity de­clined from 34.7 per 1,000 in 1981 to 7.5 per 1,000 in 2016, fig­ures from the doc­u­ment showed.

“The main health in­di­ca­tors of the Chinese are gen­er­ally bet­ter than the av­er­age level of mid­dle- and high-in­come coun­tries and China has achieved the United Na­tion’s Mil­len­nium Goals in this re­gard ahead of sched­ule,” the white pa­per said.

China has also es­tab­lished a com­plete med­i­cal and health sys­tem that is guided by the Con­sti­tu­tion, based on civil laws and reg­u­la­tions, laws and ad­min­is­tra­tive reg­u­la­tions on health, and lo­cal reg­u­la­tions, and di­rected by the out­lines, pro­grams, and plans of the health sec­tor.

The med­i­cal sys­tem has proved ef­fec­tive in main­tain­ing sound doc­tor­pa­tient re­la­tions, ad­dress­ing med­i­cal dis­putes with im­par­tial­ity, and en­sur­ing cit­i­zens’ right to health, ac­cord­ing to the white pa­per.

The re­form of the med­i­cal sec­tor has pro­duced no­tice­able re­sults, it said.

Within a short pe­riod of time, China was able to achieve the fol­low­ing: de­vel­op­ing the world’s largest ba­sic med­i­cal in­sur­ance net­work that cov­ers all cit­i­zens, pro­vid­ing in­sur­ance for pa­tients against se­ri­ous dis­eases, en­abling pa­tients to re­ceive emer­gency med­i­cal ser­vices and im­prov­ing med­i­cal as­sis­tance.

A ba­sic med­i­cal ser­vices net­work cov­er­ing both ur­ban and ru­ral ar­eas across China has been put in place, with 980,000 med­i­cal and health in­sti­tu­tions at all lev­els, 11 mil­lion health work­ers, and 7 mil­lion beds at med­i­cal in­sti­tu­tions, ac­cord­ing to the white pa­per.

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