人居环境视野下的生态修复理论与实践进展研究/舒波 申浩 高智威

South Architecture - - Contents - 1 2 3 舒波 申浩 高智威 Shu Bo Shen Hao Gao Zhiwei

摘要 随着城市化进程的日益加速,生态环境的恶化逐渐成为了当前我国人居环境建设中不可忽视的严峻问题。人居环境视野下的生态修复是解决城市发展所带来的生态环境问题的重要途径之一。但是,当前我国对于人居环境视野下生态修复理论及实践的研究还不尽完善。笔者利用Web of ScienceTM、ScienceDirect 以及 CNKI文献数据库,对近二十余年间(1996 ~ 2017)国内外人居环境视野下的生态修复相关文献进行了梳理。在回顾国内外人居环境视野下生态修复理论与实践研究的基础上,归纳并梳理了国内外人居环境中的生态系统退化驱动力、人居环境视野下生态修复理论及方法、其生态修复效果评价以及相关的政策与制度这4个方面的研究内容,指出现有研究中存在的不足,并对该学科在我国的未来发展趋势进行展望,以期为未来我国人居环境视野下的生态修复理论与实践研究提供参考。

关键词 人居环境;生态修复;进展研究;文献分析abstract With the increasing speed of urbanization, the deterioration of the ecological environment has become a serious problem that cannot be ignored in the construction of human settlement in our country. To carry out the ecological rehabilitation in the view of human settlement is a significant channel to solve the environmental problems in the process of urban development. However, at present, the researches on theory and practice for ecological rehabilitation in the view of human settlement are relevantly rare in China. This paper, collects and analyzes the relevant literature at home and abroad for more than 20 years (1996-2017) by adopting Web of ScienceTM, ScienceDirect and CNKI Literature Database, summarizes and evaluates the driving forces of ecosystem degradation, theories and methods, evaluations, policies and systems of ecological rehabilitation of human settlement at home and abroad, points out the shortcomings in the current researches and puts forward the future research emphasis in this field, so as to give a certain reference for the relevant researches and practices in the future. Key WOrds human settlement; ecological rehabilitation; research progress; literature analysis

*国家自然科学基金资助项目:城乡统筹背景下成都市农村生产方式与聚落形态的耦合性研究,项目编号:51278421。

中图分类号 X171.4文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2017.03.046 文章编号 1000-0232(2017)03-0046-05

作者简介 1 教授,电子邮箱:82596704@qq.com;2 博士研究生;3 硕士研究生;1&2&3西南交通大学建筑与设计学院 引言

随着城市化进程的日益加速,生态环境的恶化逐渐成为了当前我国人居环境建设中不可忽视的严峻问题[1]。过去 30年中,在我国的人居环境建设与管理工作发展的同时,依然存在粗放型的、不注重自然生态系统的安全和健康的问题。基于此,党中央提出要“大力开展生态修复,让城市再现绿水青山”,将 生态修复视为解决现代化进程所带来的严重威胁人居环境建设的社会、环境以及生态问题的重要途径[2]。“生态修复”一词自 20世纪提出以来,伴随着诞生于20 世纪 80年代的恢复生态学的深化与发展,现已逐渐成为世界各国相关领域的研究热点[3]。国际生态修复学会将生态修复定义为“是帮助研究修复和管理原生生态系统的完整性的过程,这种生态整体性包括生物多样

Research Progress on Theory and Practice for Ecological Rehabilitation in the View of Human Settlement

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