皇城根遗址公园空间环境行为组织探析/ 张妍 李宇宏

South Architecture - - Contents - 1 2 张妍 李宇宏Zhang Yan Li Yuhong

Space and Environmental-Behavior Organization of Huang Cheng Gen Site Park

摘要 传统的城市公园设计实践和环境行为学理论通常更注重空间分析而忽略时间要素,造成设计结果缺乏前瞻性。文章从列斐伏尔“空间三元”辨证理论出发,讨论“空间实践”、“空间再现”、“再现空间”与环境行为学拓展理论之内在联系,强调时间维度的参与,具有创新性的实践意义。以皇城根遗址公园为研究对象,采用实地调查法收集不同空间和时间条件下游人的活动数据并进行统计处理,探讨公园的环境和游人行为特征,以及时间维度如何贯穿空间系统与空间功能变迁始终,并影响行为组织方式。最后提出城市公园空间行为组织与时间维度相结合的可行性方法,建议在设计实践中应强调空间序列的时序性、空间要素的时效性、空间视效和功能的可持续发展性。

关键词 列斐伏尔;空间三元辩证;环境行为学;时间维度;皇城根遗址公园abstract Conventional urban park design practices and environment-behavior theories usually focus on space analysis while ignore the time element, which leads to results lacking prospective. Based on Lefebvre's "Triple Dialectic" theories (including the connotations of "spatial practice", "representations of space" and "representational space"), this paper explores their internal relations with environment-behavior extension theories and emphasizes time dimension's practical meaning in space design. These studies on the Huang Cheng Gen Site Park, are based on the field survey method to collect data of tourists' activities in various space and time conditions. According to these data, the paper summarizes tourists' behavioral characteristics and the regularity changing with space and time. It also discusses how the time dimension runs through the entire system of space and function migration, affects persistently behavior organization. As a conclusion, this paper proposes practical methods of adjoining urban park space-behavior organization and time dimension. It suggests that design practices should highlight the time sequence of space series, the time effect of space elements, and the time sustainability of space vision and function.

Key WOrds Henri Lefebvre; triple dialectic; environment-behavior theory; time dimension; Huang Cheng Gen Site Park

*国家社会科学基金艺术学项目:城市公共环境行为研究,项目编号:15BG087。

中图分类号 TU986文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2017.03.051 文章编号 1000-0232(2017)03-0051-07

作者简介 1 硕士;2 教授,通讯作者,电子邮箱:ruc-liyuhong@163.com;1&2 中国人民大学艺术学院

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