Tomb of King Amun’s gold­smith dis­cov­ered in Luxor

The four fam­ily mem­bers were buried at the tomb along sev­eral relics of their per­sonal be­long­ings, El-Anany ex­pects dis­cov­er­ing re­lated ceme­ter­ies soon

The Daily News Egypt - - Front Page - By Nada Deyaa’

The year of mes­meris­ing dis­cov­er­ies of the Pharaohs keeps sur­pris­ing the world with fur­ther find­ings about the legacy Egyp­tian’s an­ces­tors have left. Min­is­ter of An­tiq­ui­ties Khaled El-Anany an­nounced Saturday morn­ing the dis­cov­ery of a new tomb of a gold­smith, (Kampp 390), who lived dur­ing the 18th Dy­nasty in Luxor.

The an­nounce­ment came in a press con­fer­ence Anany held at the tomb’s area, Draa Abul-Naga ne­crop­o­lis on Luxor’s west bank.

El-Anany re­vealed that the gold­smith’s name was “Amen­emhat” and tombs of him along his wife and two chil­dren were found in­side the pri­vate tomb along sev­eral relics of the gold­smith’s per­sonal be­long­ings, in­clud­ing a feath­ery col­lec­tion, pottery, stat­ues, fu­ner­ary masks, and jew­ellery.

Ac­cord­ing to the place of the tomb, where it lies in the same area of the Val­ley of the Kings and Tu­tankhamen’s tomb, Amen­emhat was one of those re­spon­si­ble for mak­ing the jew­ellery of King Amun and the royal fam­ily.

“The im­por­tant dis­cov­ery,” as El-Anany de­scribed it, is the re­sult of the work of an Egyp­tian mis­sion of the Min­istry of An­tiq­ui­ties led by MostafaWaziri.The mis­sion started their work last April.

The an­nounce­ment of the dis­cov­ery was at­tended by Luxor Gov­er­nor Mo­hamed Badr and the Swiss head of the mis­sion, China’s cul­tural at­taché, and the Greek and Cypriot ambassadors to Egypt.

The en­trance of the cham­ber in­cludes a statue that shows the tombs owner and his wife. With an en­grav­ing draw­ing that de­picts Amen­emhat sit­ting on a chair with a high back with his wife stand­ing next to him wear­ing a long gown. Be­neath the statue, re­mains of a small statue shows one of their sons.

Waziri told state me­dia por­tal, Ahram On­line, that the tomb has two burial sec­tions: the main one which is the big­gest is for the tomb’s owner and his wife to be buried at.

Sher­ine Ahmed Shawqi, is an os­te­ol­o­gist and one of the mis­sion’s mem­bers who stud­ied the mummies’ bones, stated that stud­ies in­di­cate that the woman was in her fifties when she died, and dur­ing her life she suf­fered from bac­te­rial dis­eases in her bones as well as se­vere cav­i­ties that led to jaw dis­tor­tion.

Stud­ies show that the woman prob­a­bly cried ex­ten­sively as the size of her car­bun­cu­lar ap­pears ab­nor­mally en­larged.

As for the two chil­dren, they are two adult men that have died in their third decade. Their mummies were dis­cov­ered in a good con­di­tion and their bones still have mum­mi­fi­ca­tion liq­uids.

In his speech, Waziri stated that one of the male chil­dren also suf­fered from cav­i­ties dur­ing his life, which also led to some dis­tor­tion in his jaw.As for the sec­ond one, stud­ies show that he was prob­a­bly put in the same cof­fin later af­ter his fam­ily “be­cause the bones were bare.”

Ar­chae­ol­o­gist Mo­hamed Baabash, a mem­ber of the ex­ca­va­tion team, stated that the mis­sion stum­bled upon sev­eral ob­jects that were de­tected to be be­long to the tomb owner, Amen­emhat.

The seven-me­tre deep ceme­tery in­clude an en­trance that leads to an­other Mid­dle King­dom tomb, Kampp 150. It also in­cludes a court­yard, where a woman and her two chil­dren are buried in what’s be­lieved to be an­other fam­ily ceme­tery.The court­yard in­cludes two wooden coffins with mummies and a col­lec­tion of head­rests.

“We also found a big cof­fin of the mid­dle king­dom and an­other cof­fin for the third in­ter­me­di­ate pe­riod as well as a num­ber of mummies and skele­tons,” El-Anany added in the press con­fer­ence.The dis­cov­ered coffins be­long to fam­ily mem­bers of the 21st and 22nd Dy­nas­ties, how­ever were de­stroyed at the late pe­riod.

The mis­sion also found lime­stone of an of­fer­ing ta­ble with four wooden sar­coph­a­gus that were dec­o­rated with hi­ero­glyphic text and scenes of dif­fer­ent an­cient Egyp­tian deities.Yet, they were un­earthed fairly dam­aged with a statue of a trader be­longs to King Thut­mose III’s era named “Mah”.

The mis­sion also un­earthed a col­lec­tion of 50 fu­ner­ary cones,40 of which in­di­cate the pres­ence of other un­re­vealed ceme­ter­ies at the area, which leads them to be­lieve that ceme­ter­ies of four other per­sons; how­ever, none have yet been dis­cov­ered.

One of these per­sons are be­lieved to be a min­is­ter of Amon and a writer along two other per­sons.

El-Anany an­nounced that the work of the mis­sion is not done yet, ex­pect­ing the rev­e­la­tion of an­other dis­cov­ery in the up­com­ing pe­riod. “The team is still work­ing to find the rest of the ceme­tery,” El-Anany added.

The an­nounce­ment came in a press con­fer­ence Anany held at the tomb’s area.

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