Big Ef­forts In Ru­ral Re­form Needed: Xi

Fiji Sun - - World News - Xin­hua Feed­back: jy­otip@fi­

Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping has called for more to be done to ad­vance ru­ral re­form to en­sure that mea­sures re­sult in a solid agri­cul­tural sec­tor and im­prove the well-be­ing of farm­ers. Mr Xi made the re­marks when he presided over a sym­po­sium on ru­ral re­form in a vil­lage in Fengyang County in east China’s An­hui Prov­ince. Ad­dress­ing the sym­po­sium with lo­cal of­fi­cials in Xiao­gang Vil­lage, of­ten re­ferred to as the birth­place of China’s ru­ral re­form, Mr Xi, said that work re­lated to agri­cul­ture, ru­ral ar­eas, and farm­ers was Com­mu­nist Party of China’s top pri­or­ity. In 1978, some farm­ers in Xiao­gang se­cretly signed an agree­ment to di­vide their Peo­ple’s Com­mune farm­land into fam­ily plots -an in­ge­nious idea, al­beit il­le­gal at that time. Each plot was to be worked by a fam­ily. Their crops were then di­vided be­tween the govern­ment, the col­lec­tive and the fam­i­lies them­selves. This process re­sulted in bumper grain pro­duc­tion and the ini­tia­tive was soon rolled out across the coun­try, cre­at­ing a sys­tem that com­bined uni­fied and de­cen­tralised man­age­ment. Mr Xi called the sys­tem “an im­por­tant cor­ner stone” for the CPC’s ru­ral pol­icy. There have been great changes in the coun­try­side since the fledgling days of re­form and open­ing up in China. Farm­ers now have brighter prospects thanks to so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics, Mr Xi said. He un­der­scored the im­por­tant role that agri­cul­ture, farm­ers and the coun­try­side play -- as they are in­te­gral to the coun­try’s mod­erni­sa­tion and to the goal of build­ing a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety. The core of deep­en­ing ru­ral re­form is up­hold­ing and im­prov­ing the ba­sic ru­ral oper­a­tion sys­tem, stick­ing to col­lec­tive own­er­ship of ru­ral land, ad­her­ing to the fun­da­men­tal sta­tus of house­hold man­age­ment in agri­cul­ture, and in­sist­ing on keep­ing land-con­tracted re­la­tion­ship stable, said Mr Xi. He called for more pilot pro­grammes that ex­plore con­tracted ru­ral land-use rights, not­ing that the sep­a­ra­tion of con­tract rights and oper­a­tion rights had been a mile­stone in ru­ral re­form.

Key ob­jec­tives

The key to the ob­jec­tives is to re­spect the wishes of farm­ers, pro­tect their rights and in­ter­ests, and en­sure grain pro­duc­tion, Mr Xi said.

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