Com­pli­ca­tions Of Di­a­betes

Fiji Sun - - Sun Spectrum - Feed­back: jy­otip@fi­jisun.com.fj

Just like in any other ill­nesses, the first thing that peo­ple need, is to be in­formed and ed­u­cated about the dis­ease that they may be prone to.

In case of di­a­betes, ex­ten­sive knowl­edge about this can help peo­ple who are al­ready suf­fer­ing from it, to cope and man­age and can also help those who don’t have it yet, to be more care­ful and to avoid the ill­ness. But, aside from hav­ing ex­ten­sive knowl­edge on the dis­ease such as its causes, symp­toms, di­ag­no­sis and treat­ment, it also pays to know if there would be re­lated com­pli­ca­tions. This is to pre­pare one’s self, phys­i­cally and emo­tion­ally, about the pos­si­bil­i­ties of cop­ing not just with di­a­betes but other com­pli­ca­tions re­lated to it as well.

There are cer­tain fac­tors that af­fect peo­ple to be prone to di­a­betes such as age, hered­ity and eth­nic­ity. But re­gard­less of the risk fac­tors, the re­lated com­pli­ca­tions would just be the same. The fol­low­ing are just some of the com­pli­ca­tions of di­a­betes that peo­ple who are prone to it must pay at­ten­tion to:

1. Heart Dis­ease and Stroke

Ex­perts say that peo­ple who have di­a­betes have greater risks to hav­ing coro­nary heart dis­eases and to stroke com­pared to those who don’t. In fact, these com­pli­ca­tions are the lead causes of death among di­a­bet­ics all over the world. Peo­ple suf­fer­ing from di­a­betes are prone to heart dis­eases and stroke be­cause the fatty de­posits brought by dras­tic changes in the body can block the ar­ter­ies and leads to heart at­tack. Be­cause of a lesser amount of in­sulin in the body com­pared to reg­u­lar peo­ple, di­a­bet­ics have higher in­ci­dences of blood clot­ting and this can also lead to high blood pres­sure or hy­per­ten­sion.

2. Di­a­betic Kid­ney dis­ease.

Among peo­ple with di­a­betes, kid­ney fail­ure is the most com­mon com­pli­ca­tion be­cause the blood-fil­ter­ing units of the kid­neys are be­ing dam­aged. Once the kid­ney has been dam­aged, the kid­neys won’t be able to re­move the waste prod­ucts present in the blood any­more. The good thing is, not all di­a­bet­ics ex­pe­ri­ence End-Stage Kid­ney Dis­ease (ESRD) which can be life threat­en­ing. To avoid this com­pli­ca­tion, you must stop smok­ing cig­a­rettes and al­ways keep your blood pres­sure un­der con­trol.

3. Di­a­betic Eye dis­ease.

This refers to the group of eye prob­lems that di­a­bet­ics may have as a re­sult of the chronic dis­ease. In worst cases, this is the set of eye re­lated prob­lems: Di­a­betic retinopa­thy, dam­aged ves­sels of the eye’s retina, cataract, cloudi­ness in the lens of the eyes, glau­coma, and in­creased fluid pres­sure in­side the eye that is dam­ag­ing the op­tic nerve. All of these, when not treated im­me­di­ately and mon­i­tored prop­erly can lead to to­tal loss of vi­sion or blind­ness.

4. Di­a­betic Neu­ropa­thy

Those peo­ple who are into smok­ing, drink­ing, and those who have poor con­trol with glu­cose are more prone to de­vel­op­ing neu­ropa­thy com­pared to those di­a­bet­ics who are not into these vices and bad habits.

5. Gas­tro­pare­sis.

This dis­or­der in­volves the stom­ach as a re­sult of pro­longed emp­ty­ing. Stud­ies show that around 20per cent to 30 per cent of di­a­bet­ics suf­fer­ing from “type 1 di­a­betes” are more prone to this di­a­betes com­pli­ca­tion be­cause it se­verely dam­ages the “va­gus nerve” which is re­spon­si­ble for keep­ing the food mov­ing through a per­son’s di­ges­tive tract. Al­though it is also di­ag­nosed among those who have “type 2 di­a­betes” the cases are com­par­a­tively lower.

Ex­ten­sive knowl­edge about it can help peo­ple who are al­ready suf­fer­ing from it, to cope and man­age and can also help those who don’t have it yet, to be more care­ful and to avoid the ill­ness.

In­ter­na­tional Di­a­betes sym­bol.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Fiji

© PressReader. All rights reserved.