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Fiji Sun - - NATION -

iji can ful­fill its tar­get of re­duc­ing domestic ship­ping emis­sions by 40 per cent by 2030 and 100 per cent by 2050.

Univer­sity of the South Pa­cific Sci­en­tific Tech­ni­cal Ad­vi­sor at the Mi­crone­sian Cen­ter for Sus­tain­able Trans­port Peter Nut­tall con­firmed this in Suva this week.

Last year, Prime Min­is­ter Voreqe Bain­i­marama and At­tor­ney Gen­eral Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, in uni­son with Re­pub­lic of the Mar­shall Islands (RMI) lead­ers, an­nounced domestic ship­ping emis­sions re­duc­tion tar­gets of 40 per cent by 2030 and 100 per cent by 2050.

“To get to 40 per cent by 2030 is achiev­able; the tech­nol­ogy ex­ists to do this. The to­tal emis­sion from Fiji’s mar­itime sec­tor is cur­rently es­ti­mated at 179 kilo­tons of car­bon­diox­ide,” Mr Nut­tall said. “Tran­si­tion from two-stroke to four-stroke and elec­tric out­boards alone, es­pe­cially if you add in sailas­sist small ves­sels for fish­ing and lo­cal trans­port, pro­vides the first 10 per cent,” he said.

“Retrofitti­ng the ex­ist­ing large fleet with Felt­ner ro­tors, wind hy­brids, bet­ter pro­pel­lers and pro­pel­ler caps, solar, wind and shaft aux­il­iary al­ter­na­tors and bet­ter op­er­a­tional mea­sures; bet­ter main­te­nance, hull clean­ing etc. gives an­other 10 to 30 per cent sav­ings.

“But the real sav­ings come from new, en­ergy ef­fi­cient ship de­signs. As we re­place the cur­rent fleet, we need to in­sist that all new ships are in­creas­ingly in­ef­fi­cient than the ones they are re­plac­ing. “Get­ting to 100 per cent is more dif­fi­cult and will in­volve new fu­els – am­mo­nia, meth­ane, Hy­dro­gen are front run­ners.

“There is ex­ten­sive re­search on this glob­ally and they aren’t there yet. But we have a lit­tle more time to work on these and how we can adapt to them in a Pa­cific sce­nario.”

He said in or­der to reach the tar­get team work was needed.

“I think the govern­ment is al­ready be­gin­ning to take the nec­es­sary steps,” Mr Nut­tall said.

Ac­cord­ing to the office of the Min­is­ter of Trans­port noth­ing can be said on the mat­ter now as com­ments are on hold un­til the bud­get an­nounce­ment this Fri­day.

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