Sita Navami

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Sita Navami, also known as ‘Sita Jayanti’ or ‘Janaki Navami’ is an im­por­tant Hindu ob­ser­vance that is ded­i­cated to God­dess Sita, who was mar­ried to Lord Rama. This day cel­e­brates the birth day of Devi Sita and is ob­served on the ‘Shukla Pak­sha’ (the wax­ing phase of moon) ‘Navami’ (9th day) tithi in the lu­nar month of ‘Vaishaka’ as per the Hindu cal­en­dar. It is be­lieved that Devi Sita was born dur­ing Pushya Nak­sha­tra. As per the le­gends, Lord Rama was also born on the same tithi in the ‘Chaitra’ month and the cel­e­bra­tions of Rama Navami take place a month in ad­vance of Sita Navami. Mar­ried Hindu women de­vot­edly wor­ship God­dess Sita on this day and ash Her bless­ings for long life and suc­cess of their hus­bands. Sita Navami is cel­e­brated with im­mense fer­vour and gai­ety all over In­dia.

Rit­u­als dur­ing Sita Navami:

On Sita Navami, Hindu devo­tees es­pe­cially mar­ried women wor­ship Devi Sita along with Lord Rama and Lak­sh­mana. A small puja man­dap is set and dec­o­rated with colour­ful flow­ers. The idols of Lord Rama, Devi Sita along with Lak­sh­mana, King Janaka and Mata Su­nayana are placed in this man­dap. As God­dess Sita emerged from a ploughed land, God­dess Earth is also wor­shipped on this day. Wor­ship­ping Sita and Lord Rama to­gether brings hap­pi­ness and peace in mar­riage. devo­tees per­form the puja by mak­ing var­i­ous of­fer­ings in the form of til (sesame seeds), rice, bar­ley and fruits. Spe­cial ‘Bhog’ is pre­pared for the oc­ca­sion that is dis­trib­uted as Prasad af­ter com­ple­tion of Aarti.

Women ob­serve a strict fast­ing on this day known as Sita Navami Vrat. com­plete fast is ob­served dur­ing the day and not a still grain of food is taken un­til the com­ple­tion of puja rit­u­als. It is be­lieved that per­form­ing the Sita Navami Vrat brings virtues like mod­esty, moth­er­hood, sac­ri­fice and ded­i­ca­tion in a per­son. Mar­ried women mainly keep this fast for the long life of their hus­bands.

On this day, spe­cial rit­u­als and prayers are held in Lord Rama and Janaki tem­ples all across the coun­try. Rit­u­als like Sringar Dar­shan, Maha Ab­hishekam and Aarti are per­formed in all these tem­ples. Recitals of Ra­mayana, fol­lowed by bha­jan pro­grams are also held at var­i­ous places. Few tem­ples even take out pro­ces­sions with the idols of their de­ity on a char­iot, while chant­ing ‘Jai Siya Ram’ and singing de­vo­tional songs all the way.

Sig­nif­i­cance of Sita Navami:

Sita Navami holds great reli­gious sig­nif­i­cance for Hindu devo­tees. It is con­sid­ered that God­dess Sita is an avatar of God­dess Lak­shmi. She is known to be the mother of all mor­tals and other liv­ing crea­tures. Devi Sita was an adopted daugh­ter of King Janak and was also pop­u­larly called as ‘Janaki’. Lord Rama mar­ried God­dess Sita in a ‘Swayam­var’ that was or­ga­nized by Ma­haraja Janak in his king­dom, Mithila. God­dess Sita was al­ways rec­og­nized for per pa­tience and ded­i­ca­tion to­wards her hus­band, Sri Rama. Mar­ried women pray to Devi Sita on this aus­pi­cious day to be be­stowed with Her virtues of pu­rity and sin­cer­ity. They seek the bless­ings of God­dess Sita to re­main a ‘Su­man­gali’ that is, dy­ing be­fore their hus­bands. By per­form­ing the puja rit­u­als and vrat on Sita Navami, it is be­lieved that one will be blessed with a joy­ful and con­tended mar­ried life.

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