Hy­brid pow­er­trains set to race ahead in com­ing years

Auto components India - - COVER STORY - ACI Bureau

Pow­er­train con­sists of all the main com­po­nents of an au­to­mo­tive en­gine from where the com­bus­tion of fuel takes place. Pow­er­train refers to the group of com­po­nents that gen­er­ate power and de­liver it to the road. They in­clude the en­gine, trans­mis­sion, drive shafts, dif­fer­en­tials, and the fi­nal drive. The com­bus­tion of fuel takes place in the pow­er­train. There­fore it can also be de­fined as the sum to­tal of all the com­po­nents which is re­quired for the ve­hi­cle to con­vert stored en­ergy into ki­netic en­ergy. This ki­netic en­ergy which is pro­duced by the pow­er­train en­ables the ve­hi­cle to move.

Tech­no­log­i­cally ad­vanced pow­er­train sys­tem that en­ables bet­ter fuel ef­fi­ciency and emis­sions ac­cord­ing to the gov­ern­ment reg­u­lated stan­dards for au­to­mo­tives are among the key fac­tors that drive the pow­er­train mar­ket. The world over Pow­er­train man­u­fac­tur­ing com­pa­nies are pour­ing money on re­search and devel­op­ment to in­no­vate the pow­er­train sys­tems by re­duc­ing the size of en­gine and mak­ing the pow­er­train more en­vi­ron­ment- friendly with­out com­pro­mis­ing on the per­for­mance of the ve­hi­cle.

The global pow­er­train mar­ket by geog­ra­phy has been seg­mented into North Amer­ica, Europe, Asia Pa­cific and rest of the world. Some of the ma­jor play­ers in the global pow­er­train mar­ket are Gen­eral Mo­tors Com­pany (GM) (US), Denso Cor­po­ra­tion (Ja­pan), Magma In­ter­na­tional Inc. (Canada), Va­leo (France), Ford Mo­tor Com­pany (US), Del­phi Au­to­mo­tive PLC (US), BorgWarener Au­to­mo­tive Pow­er­train Sys­tems Corp (U.), ZF Friedrichshafen AG (Ger­many), Hyundai Mo­tor Com­pany (South Korea), Con­ti­nen­tal AG (Ger­many).

The top 3 man­u­fac­tur­ers of pow­er­train and pow­er­train com­po­nents, Con­ti­nen­tal AG, ZF Friedrischshafen, and Robert Bosch AG, ac­count for about 24% of the global mar­ket. In the Asia Pa­cific re­gion, the pow­er­train mar­ket is pro­jected to grow at a CAGR of 6.4% to 2020. This re­gion com­prises a vast ar­ray of mar­kets. Ja­pan dom­i­nates the lux­ury car seg­ment, while In­dia is a po­ten­tial mar­ket for the small car, com­pact sedans and SUVs. The emerg­ing business class in In­dia and China along with the green rev­o­lu­tion is ex­pected to drive the pow­er­train mar­ket fur­ther.

De­spite the grow­ing de­mand for elec­tric ve­hi­cles, hy­brid pow­er­trains have been in the world mar­ket for over a decade. They are ex­pected to be­come in­creas­ingly pop­u­lar glob­ally in the com­ing years. It is es­ti­mated that about a mil­lion hy­brids are sold a year mainly in Ja­pan and the US. Sev­eral OEMs make their fu­ture plans es­ti­mat­ing that up to 80% of their light­duty ve­hi­cles may re­quire some level of hy­bridi­s­a­tion to meet the up­com­ing fuel ef­fi­ciency norms in the US. Hy­brids may soon en­ter on a large-scale in the Euro­pean mar­kets. They have been in­tro­duced to the In­dian and Chi­nese mar­kets.

Ford In­dia’s flex­i­ble en­gine plant

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.