TEST RE­SULTS

Consumer Voice - - Packaged Full-Cream Milk -

FOR PHYSICOCHEMICAL PA­RAM­E­TERS

Milk fat | Milk solids not fat | Choles­terol | RM value | BR read­ing | Sat­u­rated fat | Cal­cium | Vi­ta­min A Milk fat The fat con­tent of milk is the pro­por­tion of milk made up by but­ter fat. As per In­dian Stan­dard and FSS Rules, 2011, fat con­tent of full-cream milk should not be less than six per cent by mass. All brands met the min­i­mum re­quired limit for fat

con­tent. Verka (6.69 per cent) had the high­est fat con­tent, fol­lowed by Mad­husu­dan (6.65 per cent) and Gokul (6.60 per cent). Gopal­jee Ananda (6.0 per cent), Saras (6.01 per cent) and Re­liance (6.2 per cent) just about ful­filled the min­i­mum re­quire­ment. Milk solids not fat Milk has mainly two con­stituents: fat and solids not fat (SNF). Solids such as vi­ta­mins, min­er­als, pro­tein and lac­tose to­gether make up SNF. SNF is the most es­sen­tial part of the milk. As per In­dian Stan­dard and FSS Rules, it should not be less than nine per cent by mass Re­liance (9.80 per cent) was found with the high­est SNF, fol­lowed by Parag (9.65 per cent) and Vita (9.30 per cent). SNF in Mother Dairy (8.96 per cent) and Saras (8.98 per cent) was marginally less than the min­i­mum re­quire­ment. All other brands met the min­i­mum re­quire­ment for SNF. Choles­terol Choles­terol plays a cen­tral role in many bio­chem­i­cal pro­cesses but is best known for the as­so­ci­a­tion of car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­ease. Choles­terol, es­pe­cially bad choles­terol (low-den­sity lipopro­teins, LDL), also in­creases the risk of ner­vous sys­tem prob­lems, weak brain sy­napse con­nec­tiv­ity, gall blad­der stones and per­haps even can­cer. Th­ese choles­terols are in­her­ently found in the milk fats. The in­take of choles­terol should not be more than 300 mg/day. Paras (6.48 mg/100 g) had the low­est choles­terol con­tent, fol­lowed by Saras (8.10 mg/100 g) and Verka (8.67 mg/100 g). DMS (13.63 mg/100 g) was found with the high­est choles­terol con­tent, fol­lowed by Amul (12.48 mg/100 g) and Mad­husu­dan (11.72 mg/100 g). Re­ichert Meissl (RM) value The Re­ichert Meissl (RM) value de­ter­mines adul­ter­ation, if any. All brands had more than the min­i­mum value re­quired

to en­sure the qual­ity of milk fat. BR read­ing This can be used to check the adul­ter­ation of milk fat, par­tic­u­larly if adul­ter­ated with veg­etable oils. If BR read­ing de­fers from the pre­scribed limit of vari­abil­ity (not more than 42 in case of non­cot­ton tract area and 45 in case of cot­ton tract area), pres­ence of for­eign fat may be sus­pected.

BR read­ing in all the brands was be­low 45.

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