PHY­TONU­TRI­ENTS CON­SUMP­TION IN IN­DIA

Consumer Voice - - Food & Stuff -

Fruits and veg­eta­bles are the ma­jor sources of phy­tonu­tri­ents. The World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WHO) panel on diet nu­tri­tion and pre­ven­tion of chronic dis­eases rec­om­mend a daily in­take of at least 400 grams of fruits and veg­eta­bles – ex­clud­ing potato, cas­sava and other starchy tu­bers – to pre­vent di­etre­lated chronic dis­eases and mi­cronu­tri­ent de­fi­cien­cies.

Un­for­tu­nately, the In­dian diet pat­tern is de­void of fruits and veg­eta­bles. On an av­er­age, fruits and veg­eta­bles ac­count for only nine per cent of the caloric in­take. Ba­nana is the most fre­quently con­sumed fruit and potato is the most com­monly con­sumed veg­etable – both are not very rich sources of phy­tonu­tri­ents. Many young­sters (18 to 25 years old) fail to in­cor­po­rate fruits and veg­eta­bles in their diet, while mid­dle-aged peo­ple tend to in­crease the con­sump­tion of fruits and veg­eta­bles only after con­tract­ing a dis­ease.

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