Trans­porta­tionor­tat will also play a vi­tal role in any smart city pro­gram as it deals with the ef­fi­cient move­ment of goods and ser­vices

Dataquest - - IN FOCUS -


By 2030, 40% of In­dia’s pop­u­la­tion will be liv­ing in ur­ban ar­eas and con­tribut­ing 75% of GDP. An es­ti­mated 400 mn peo­ple are ex­pected to mi­grate to cities over this pe­riod. In fact, the great ru­ral-to-ur­ban mi­gra­tion has al­ready be­gun. To meet the chal­lenges th­ese changes will raise and the pres­sure will be added on ba­sic ser­vices, util­i­ties and on an al­ready crum­bling in­fra­struc­ture—In­dia needs to build new cities and cre­ate new jobs over the next two decades. This will, how­ever re­quire wellplanned de­vel­op­ment of phys­i­cal, so­cial, eco­nomic, and in­sti­tu­tional in­fra­struc­ture.

Indian gov­ern­ment has al­ready made a start and work is being done at a fast pace to achieve the tar­gets. Rec­og­niz­ing that ur­ban cen­ters are en­gines of growth and em­ploy­ment, it has launched a strate­gic ini­tia­tive—the smart cities mis­sion. Un­der the smart cities mis­sion, the gov­ern­ment will vir­tu­ally re­build 100 cities with ba­sic in­fra­struc­ture, in­clud­ing trans­porta­tion and ICT, which will link nearly ev­ery as­pect of city life. SMART CITY PRO­GRAMS There is a big push for smart cities. The gov­ern­ment has al­lo­cated sig­nif­i­cant cap­i­tal both at the cen­tral and state lev­els to make th­ese a re­al­ity. Smart cities prom­ise to rein­vig­o­rate lo­cal economies and im­prove the qual­ity of life. But the smart city pro­grams en­com­pass sev­eral com­po­nents which need to be linked to­gether for this project to be suc­cess­ful.

Smartphone pen­e­tra­tion and fast band­width is the key to smart city pro­grams and is needed to con­nect cit­i­zens, busi­nesses, and the gov­ern­ment on a fast network. In In­dia, the pace of smartphone pen­e­tra­tion is ris­ing quickly. 4G would play a key role in con­nect­ing and us­age of Smart phones. Tele­com op­er­a­tors are al­ready gear­ing up their in­fra­struc­ture to roll out 4G ser­vices.

Ev­ery city needs re­li­able power and Indian cities need a lot to do to de­liver re­li­able elec­tric­ity at the best pos­si­ble price. Too many smart city pro­grams glob­ally fol­low the west­ern model of cen­tralised power plants and grids. While In­dia still grap­ples with chal­lenges like In­ter­net avail­abil­ity, band­width is­sues, power and in­ter­net re­li­a­bil­ity, the prospect of large scale adop­tion of in­ter­net of things ( IoT) in the power sec­tor might seem like a re­mote pos­si­bil­ity, or one for the very dis­tant fu­ture. How­ever, with the gov­ern­ment’s plan to cre­ate a $15 bn In­ter­net of Things (IoT) mar­ket in the coun­try by next five years, or the 100 smart city project un­der the IoT policy, there is sig­nif­i­cant scope for growth in the power sec­tor as well. Trans­porta­tion will also play a vi­tal role in any smart city pro­gram as it deals with the ef­fi­cient move­ment of goods and ser­vices. To­day, In­dia has about 150 mn ve­hi­cles and the roads are al­ready choked. The goal of smart trans­porta­tion is to help peo­ple move around and use ef­fi­cient public and pri­vate trans­porta­tion sys­tem more than per­sonal ve­hi­cles. The suc­cess of Ola Cabs and Uber in In­dia is an en­cour­ag­ing sign. It means that Indian con­sumers want ef­fi­ciency, not just a car for sit­ting which not only wastes time and money but also pol­lutes the en­vi­ron­ment.

With GPS tech­nol­ogy in car nav­i­ga­tion and the ca­pa­bil­ity to re­ceive sig­nals from mul­ti­ple satel­lite sys­tems to col­lect in­for­ma­tion has im­proved ac­cu­racy and re­sponse time in de­ter­min­ing ve­hi­cle po­si­tion which has ex­panded the util­ity of this func­tion be­yond ba­sic nav­i­ga­tion to safety-re­lated ap­pli­ca­tions.

Indian telem­at­ics mar­ket is ex­hibit­ing growth and con­sumers are be­com­ing more cau­tious about their safety while driv­ing. More­over, au­to­mo­bile com­pa­nies are col­lab­o­rat­ing with telem­at­ics man­u­fac­tur­ing com­pa­nies to de­velop in-built telem­at­ics sys­tems dur­ing the pro­duc­tion process it­self. Added to this, the low-cost telem­at­ics so­lu­tions which are em­bed­ded in the au­to­mo­biles is en­cour­ag­ing end users as they are able to af­ford this tech­nol­ogy and also en­joy the ser­vices being pro­vided by this tech­nol­ogy. www.dqin­ 33

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