Key so­lu­tions

Down to Earth - - CLIMATE CHANGE -

in­cluded 796 types of cli­mate change adap­ta­tion ac­tiv­i­ties (see ‘Key so­lu­tions’). About 45 per cent of lapa ac­tiv­i­ties have been im­ple­mented till Fe­bru­ary 2015, ac­cord­ing to gov­ern­ment sources.

As far as bud­getary al­lo­ca­tions are con­cerned, they are be­ing made as per napa guide­lines which make it manda­tory to dis­burse at least 80 per cent of the bud­get di­rectly for im­ple­men­ta­tion of the iden­ti­fied adap­ta­tion ac­tion at the lo­cal level. Of the to­tal ap­proved bud­get of 54 crore Nepali ru­pees (npr), npr 49 crore were al­lo­cated in 2013-14 (US $1 equals npr 100.13). For 2014-15, of the to­tal al­lo­ca­tion of npr 73 crore,npr 57 crore has been granted.

Teething trou­bles

The process of for­mu­lat­ing lapa was not easy. “We faced a lot chal­lenges in sen­si­tis­ing the com­mu­nity about the prob­lems their re­gion was fac­ing and get­ting their in­puts on the pos­si­ble so­lu­tions,” says Subedi. The gov­ern­ment needed to fig­ure out adap­ta­tion pro­grammes suited to dif­fer­ent re­gions of the coun­try, which is marked by un­du­lat­ing ter­rain, frag­ile land­forms and un­evenly dis­trib­uted re­sources. Com­mu­nity in­volve­ment was also nec­es­sary to en­sure that they sup­port the plan.

The gov­ern­ment took the help of ngos to reach out to com­mu­ni­ties and the prepa­ra­tion process was over­seen by Nepal’s en­vi­ron­ment min­istry.UK-based con­sult­ing firm htspe Ltd as­sisted in for­mu­lat­ing lo­cal adap­ta­tion plans. The prepa­ra­tion of plans started in April 2012 and was com­pleted the same year in Septem­ber.

The im­ple­men­ta­tion of lapa was over­seen by the Min­istry of Science, Tech­nol­ogy and En­vi­ron­ment in co­or­di­na­tion with mofald. A plethora of gov­ern­ment and non-gov­ern­ment bod­ies were also in­volved. Th­ese in­cluded Nepal’s Cli­mate Change Coun­cil, Min­istry of Fi­nance, dis­trict ad­min­is­tra­tions, com­mu­nity-based or­gan­i­sa­tions, ngos and in­dige­nous groups. Dis­trict devel­op­ment com­mit­tees and vdcs were the key im­ple­men­ta­tion agen­cies at the lo­cal level. The United Na­tions Devel­op­ment Pro­gramme (undp) pro­vided tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance to the pro­gramme.

Gaug­ing suc­cess

It is a lit­tle dif­fi­cult to as­sess the suc­cess of lapa, say ex­perts. “Dif­fer­ent coun­tries have dif­fer­ent cir­cum­stances, poli­cies, and gov­er­nance struc­tures and it seems that lo­cal plans have a great po­ten­tial to suc­ceed. How­ever, in Nepal it is still too early to say be­cause re­sult will take some time to be vis­i­ble,”says Shanti Karan­jit,cli­mate change pol­icy an­a­lyst,undp Nepal.

How­ever, it is clear that the pro­gramme has made com­mu­ni­ties an im­por­tant stake­holder in the plan­ning process rather than a spec­ta­tor. “The Lo­cal Adap­ta­tion Plans of Ac­tion be­ing de­vel­oped and im­ple­mented in Nepal are an ex­cel­lent in­no­va­tion that other coun­tries should fol­low,” says Saleemul Huq, direc­tor, In­ter­na­tional Cen­tre for Cli­mate Change and Devel­op­ment. Such ini­tia­tives cre­ate aware­ness in the com­mu­nity, and help in bring­ing cli­mate change adap­ta­tion mech­a­nisms to the main­stream.

70 Lo­cal Adap­ta­tion Plans for Ac­tion are be­ing im­ple­mented in 14 of Nepal's poor­est and vul­ner­a­ble dis­tricts

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