A new breed of engineers re­quired

Electronics For You - - Technology -

The re­search and de­vel­op­ment work of med­i­cal elec­tron­ics engineers leads to the man­u­fac­tur­ing of so­phis­ti­cated di­ag­nos­tic med­i­cal equip­ment needed to en­sure good health­care. Bio­med­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing com­bines the de­sign and prob­lem-solv­ing skills of en­gi­neer­ing with med­i­cal and bi­o­log­i­cal sci­ences to im­prove health­care di­ag­no­sis and treat­ment. Much of the work in bio­med­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing con­sists of re­search and de­vel­op­ment span­ning a broad ar­ray of sub-fields.

The core health­care sci­ence and re­search in med­i­cal sci­ences will have ever-in­creas­ing in­ter­face with tech­nol­ogy ar­eas. To meet these chal­lenges, a new breed of med­i­cal pro­fes­sion­als is re­quired which is con­ver­sant with med­i­cal as well as en­gi­neer­ing as­pects. They will be able to fuse to­gether the med­i­cal sci­ences with high-end tech­nolo­gies.

Med­i­cal elec­tron­ics engineers carry out re­search along with life sci­en­tists, chemists and med­i­cal sci­en­tists to de­velop and eval­u­ate sys­tems and prod­ucts such as bio­com­pat­i­ble pros­the­ses (ar­ti­fi­cial de­vices that re­place miss­ing body parts), var­i­ous di­ag­nos­tic and ther­a­peu­tic med­i­cal de­vices rang­ing from clin­i­cal equip­ment to mi­croim­plants, com­mon imag­ing equip­ment such as mag­netic res­o­nance imag­ing (MRI) and elec­troen­cephalo­gram (EEG), biotech­nolo­gies such as re­gen­er­a­tive tis­sue growth, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal drugs and biophar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, med­i­cal in­for­ma­tion sys­tems, and health man­age­ment and care de­liv­ery sys­tems.

Most engineers in this spe­cial­ity need a sound back­ground in an­other en­gi­neer­ing spe­cial­ity, such as me­chan­i­cal or elec­tron­ics en­gi­neer­ing, in ad­di­tion to spe­cialised bio­med­i­cal train­ing. Some spe­cial­ties within med­i­cal elec­tron­ics en­gi­neer­ing in­clude bio­ma­te­ri­als, biome­chan­ics, med­i­cal imag­ing, re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion en­gi­neer­ing and or­thopaedic en­gi­neer­ing.

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