Hindi foot­print

Hindustan Times (Delhi) - - METRO -

The to­tal pop­u­la­tion in the Hindi-speak­ing states of Ut­tar Pradesh, Bi­har, Jharkand, Chat­tis­garh, Haryana, Hi­machal Pradesh, Ut­tarak­hand, Mad­hya Pradesh, Ra­jasthan and Delhi in­creased by a mea­sure of 21% be­tween 2001 and 2011. In the same pe­riod, the pop­u­la­tion re­port­ing its mother tongue as Hindi in the ma­jor mi­grant des­ti­na­tion states of Tamil Nadu, Ker­ala, Kar­nataka, Ma­ha­rash­tra and Gu­jarat, in­creased by 45%. To be sure, the ab­so­lute share of Hindi speak­ers in these states is still very low com­pared to that of na­tive lan­guage speak­ers. (See Chart 2)

It needs to be un­der­lined that a Tamil or a Gu­jarati per­son, who has picked up Hindi as a sec­ond or third lan­guage, will not show up in the data on per­sons with Hindi as their mother tongue. There­fore, this statis­tic is a good in­di­ca­tor of per­sons from Hindi-speak­ing states mov­ing to non-hindi states.

In ad­di­tion to the larger na­tion­wide nar­ra­tive, there are changes in lin­guis­tic com­po­si­tion ob­served within states that help un­der­stand flash­points around iden­ti­ties re­gion­ally. If we con­sider the case of Gu­jarat, in 21 of 26 dis­tricts (count in 2001), the per­cent­age of peo­ple re­port­ing Hindi as their mother tongue in­creased be­tween 2001 and 2011; 23% of Su­rat’s pop­u­la­tion re­ported Hindi as their mother tongue in 2011, a nearly 10 per­cent­age point in­crease from 2001. (See Chart 3)

Mi­gra­tion flows within In­dia are in­evitable, and are a re­sult of the de­mo­graphic di­ver­gence be­tween the poorer, more pop­u­lous North­ern states and the more pros­per­ous South­ern and Western In­dian states. How­ever, the so­cial and cul­tural im­pli­ca­tions of this trend are un­cer­tain. For in­stance, are the re­cent clashes in Gu­jarat a spe­cific and iso­lated event, or are they in­dica­tive of more tur­bu­lent times ahead?

A TAMIL OR A GU­JARATI PER­SON, WHO HAS PICKED UP HINDI AS A SEC­OND OR THIRD LAN­GUAGE, WILL NOT SHOW UP IN THE DATA ON PER­SONS WITH HINDI AS THEIR MOTHER TONGUE

hospi­tal. It was af­ter the ac­cused fled from the spot and re­al­is­ing that vic­tims were alive, three men came for­ward and took them to a hospi­tal 1.5 kilo­me­tres away in an au­torick­shaw. The ac­cused eas­ily drove away from the spot in front of hun­dreds of peo­ple, but no one came for­ward to get hold of him,” Kuhar said.

He said he in­formed the crime in­ves­ti­ga­tion units that fol­lowed the head con­sta­ble on Sohna Road, but he went to a vil­lage, Is­lam­pur, and spent half-an­hour there with a friend named Kuku. He told Kuku that the judge’s wife and son had met with an ac­ci­dent but within a few min­utes con­fided that he shot them. Kuku told po­lice that he thought they had been killed.

Around 5.30 pm, the PSO was ar­rested from Gwal Pa­hari on Gu­ru­gram-farid­abad Road af­ter two crime in­ves­ti­ga­tion teams in­ter­cepted the car.

PN Kakkar, chief ex­ec­u­tive of­fi­cer of Park Hospi­tal, where the vic­tims were taken around 3.45 pm with a gun­shot in­jury each, said: “The boy was shot in his head and was im­me­di­ately put on ven­ti­la­tor. The woman was shot in the right side of the chest due to which blood col­lected in her lungs. The fam­ily wanted to shift them to an­other hospi­tal so they were shifted from here at 5.26 pm.”

The woman is a home­maker and the boy a class 12 stu­dent of a prom­i­nent school. The judge was not avail­able for com­ment. desh, Mi­zo­ram and Te­lan­gana.

Mean­while, Mayawati ac­cused the BJP of rak­ing up the Ay­o­d­hya Ram tem­ple is­sue for elec­toral gains and claimed that mob-lynch­ing in the name of cow pro­tec­tion was hap­pen­ing in Bjp-ruled states. She also ques­tioned why the BJP was not re­spond­ing to re­peated ques­tions on the con­tro­ver­sial Rafale jet fighter deal, but blamed both the Congress and the BJP for ir­reg­u­lar­i­ties that have taken place in de­fence deals.

The BJP and the Bjp-led Na­tional Demo­cratic Al­liance govern­ment have de­nied any wrong­do­ing in the Rafale deal. The party has also dis­as­so­ci­ated it­self from the mob lynch­ings, not­ing that ac­tion has been taken against sus­pects.

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