FOOD HY­GIENE TO FOL­LOW THIS MONSOON

Hindustan Times (Patna) - Live - - Lifestyle -

Dur­ing monsoon, one has to be ex­tra care­ful about in­fec­tions. Dur­ing this sea­son, im­mu­nity tends to weaken, mak­ing peo­ple more sus­cep­ti­ble to dis­eases. Along with this, di­ges­tive en­zymes have lower ac­tiv­ity, and the di­ges­tive sys­tem be­comes vul­ner­a­ble to in­fec­tions. There­fore, we should be ex­tra care­ful about what we eat. Here are a few tips you need to fol­low to be healthy dur­ing this sea­son.

1) Bread and other bak­ery prod­ucts are sus­cep­ti­ble to spoilage by moulds. Con­sume these items as soon as they are taken out of their air-tight pack­ets.

2) Care should be ex­er­cised with milk and milk prod­ucts, too, as these are sus­cep­ti­ble to con­tam­i­na­tion and spoilage by micro­organ­isms, par­tic­u­larly in the hu­mid weather. Care should be taken not only for food items, but also for var­i­ous in­gre­di­ents and ad­di­tives that go into prepa­ra­tion of the dishes. These should be kept in sealed con­tain­ers, so that they are not ex­posed to mois­ture.

3) Cut fruits shouldn’t be kept out in the open. These should ide­ally be con­sumed as soon as they are cut, to avoid any con­tam­i­na­tion with mi­crobes. Sim­i­larly fruit juices should be con­sumed fresh and not stored for long.

4) The stor­age of cooked food is im­por­tant. Pre­pared food should ide­ally be con­sumed hot, soon af­ter cook­ing. In case of con­sump­tion at a later time, it should be cooled, cov­ered and re­frig­er­ated in or­der to avoid mi­cro­bial con­tam­i­na­tion. Note that, while stor­ing food in the re­frig­er­a­tor, cooked food should be stored in the up­per shelves and raw food in the lower shelves.

5) Try to avoid street food. Most types of street foods are pre­pared in the open. There is a chance of con­tam­i­na­tion of the food with rain wa­ter. The stalls are some­times lo­cated near open drains, where there is chance of con­tam­i­na­tion with co­l­iform bac­te­ria, which can cause di­ar­rhoeal dis­eases. 6) Pre­cau­tions for drink­ing wa­ter should be taken. Dur­ing the rainy sea­son, be­sides mi­crobes, ground wa­ter can be con­tam­i­nated with chem­i­cals. The best way to en­sure safe drink­ing wa­ter is to fil­ter it, fol­lowed by boil­ing.

PRE­PARED FOOD, IN CASE OF LATER CON­SUMP­TION, SHOULD BE COOLED, COV­ERED AND RE­FRIG­ER­ATED

PHO­TOS:SHUTTERSTOCK

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