Hindustan Times ST (Mumbai) - HT Navi Mumbai Live - - NEWS -

TB (Tu­ber­cu­lo­sis) is con­sid­ered as the pro­to­typic dis­ease of air­borne trans­mis­sion. TB caus­ing bac­te­ria spread from per­son to per­son in tiny mi­cro­scopic droplets when a TB pa­tient coughs, sneezes, speaks, sings, or laughs. TB is caused by bac­te­ria (My­cobac­terium tu­ber­cu­lo­sis) that af­fects the lungs and the con­di­tion is known as pul­monary tu­ber­cu­lo­sis whereas when the in­fec­tion is out­side the lungs and af­fects other in­ter­nal body parts it is known as ex­tra pul­monary TB.

The theme for this year World TB Day is ‘Unite to End TB’. As per the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion glob­ally over 4,000 peo­ple lose their lives ev­ery day to this in­fec­tious dis­ease. Of the 9 mil­lion peo­ple a year that get sick with TB, most of the bur­dened by tu­ber­cu­lo­sis are those that are poor, vul­ner­a­ble and marginal­ized, while around 3 mil­lion of them are ‘missed’ by health sys­tems.

Un­der the NMMC health depart­ment, in 2010 new pos­i­tive cases recorded was 631, 692 in 2011, 650 in 2012, 672 in 2013, and 661 in 2014. While re­lapse cases recorded in 2010 was 109, 110 in 2011, 306 in 2012, 149 in 2013, and 169 in 2014.

We have in­volved around 10 NGOs who will be do­ing dif­fer­ent ac­tiv­i­ties like poster ex­hi­bi­tion, speech com­pe­ti­tion, camps, slide pre­sen­ta­tion, au­dio­vi­sual pre­sen­ta­tions through­out the week. DR VAS­ANT MANE, health in-charge of tu­ber­cu­lo­sis depart­ment, NMMC

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