In­dia, US, China set to...

Hindustan Times ST (Mumbai) - - METRO -

“There is a dif­fer­ence be­tween the de­vel­oped and the de­velop ing world on his­tor­i­cal re­spon sibil­ity and ca­pa­bil­i­ties of each coun­try. It can­not end,” Ajay Mathur, spokesper­son for In­dia’s cli­mate ne­go­ti­a­tions team, told HT.

Pres­i­dent Barack Obama has only two bi­lat­eral meet ings sched­uled to take place on the side­lines of the Paris con­fer­ence so far — with Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi and China’ Xi Jin­ping.

“The pur­pose of these meet ings,” a se­nior White House of­fi­cial said last week, “is to make sure that lead­ers are on the same page about our ob­jec­tives and strat­egy go­ing into these fi­nal two weeks of ne­go­ti­a­tion.”

A com­ment piece on Sun­day in the Chi­nese of­fi­cial news agency Xin­hua pointed to the “stub­born­ness” of some de­vel oped na­tions in ac­cus­ing de­vel op­ing coun­tries and “blam­ing them for block­ing the birth of a new in­ter­na­tional treaty.”

The US, and other de­vel oped economies, how­ever want ev­ery coun­try to share the re­spon­si­bil­ity equally for global warm­ing and con­trib­ute equally to­wards its mit­i­ga­tion to keep it below the an­nual two de­gree Cel­sius thresh­old.

The next big dis­pute is about how to en­sure coun­tries de­liver on their com­mit­ments, the vol un­tar­ily fixed emis­sion re­duc tion tar­gets with a stock-tak­ing sched­uled for 2025.

In­dia is ad­vo­cat­ing self as­sess­ment and self-re­port­ing En­vi­ron­ment Sec­re­tary Ashok Lavasa told HT re­cently “there could be stock­tak­ing of cli­mate ac­tion plans by a global body but not a re­view”.

But the US and Euro­pean Union want some sort of an in­ter­na­tional mech­a­nism to ver­ify those claims.

The two also dif­fer on provid ing public cli­mate fi­nance to help de­vel­op­ing na­tions move to cleaner fu­els and tech­nol­ogy

A pro­posal for pro­vid­ing “pre­dictable” fi­nanc­ing to de­vel­op­ing coun­tries is be­ing rested by the US, In­dian offi cials said point­ing to a paper cir­cu­lated by the Amer­i­cans in Paris on Sun­day.

But there is con­ver­gence too Both In­dia and the US agree the Paris out­come not be bind­ing on coun­tries with penalties.

“We have come here to talk and move for­ward. I be­lieve we will,” Mathur said when asked about the Modi-obama meet­ing.

With inputs from Su­tirtho

Pa­tra­nobis in Bei­jing

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