VIR­TUAL ACT

Cy­ber law is grow­ing as a pro­fes­sion in In­dia with the in­creas­ing de­mand of lawyers with such ex­per­tise

India Today - - CYBER LAWYER - By Mar­cia Ro­drigues

The boom­ing tech­nol­ogy sec­tor plays a ma­jor role in the de­vel­op­ment of a state and its so­ci­ety. Its wide use has proved its strength and has built a vir­tual world of its own. De­spite its pos­i­tive im­pact, the cy­ber world and in­ter­net have chal­lenges that re­quire le­gal de­volve­ment. There­fore, cy­ber laws were framed which sev­eral na­tions across the globe have ex­e­cuted from time to time to pro­tect civil­ians from be­ing threat­ened by tech­nol­ogy. Crim­i­nal ac­tiv­i­ties over the in­ter­net and its unchecked use have lead to ac­tiv­i­ties such as hack­ing, pornog­ra­phy, email spoof­ing, money laun­der­ing and much more. There­fore, laws were framed to curb such acts and cy­ber lawyers with a spe­cial­i­sa­tion to tackle such cases came into be­ing.

Cy­ber law is fairly new in In­dia and re­quires im­pro­vi­sa­tion. Ameet Datta, cy­ber lawyer at Luthra & Luthra Law Firm in New Delhi says, “There is great op­por­tu­nity to strengthen the sys­tem and the field re­quires fresh tal­ent to make laws and ex­e­cute them.” Cy­ber law is a wise op­tion for one to make, given the rise of tech­nol­ogy and util­i­sa­tion of the in­ter­net. Datta adds, “The pro­fes­sion is tremen­dously ex­cit­ing and is a mix of law with tech­nol­ogy. Thus, one’s knowl­edge of both is im­por­tant.” The in­crease in use of tech­nol­ogy is not the only rea­son for the si­mul­ta­ne­ous grow­ing re­quire­ment of cy­ber lawyers. It is also the in­creas­ing aware­ness among peo­ple in so­ci­ety and their claims against breach of laws which de­mands such lawyers in our coun­try.

A cy­ber lawyer’s day- to- day af­fairs in­volves shar­ing their opin­ions with large cor­po­rate houses, at­tend­ing ses­sions in court, draft­ing le­gal no­tices and agree­ments and con­sult­ing clients. Prashant Mali, a cy­ber lawyer at a cy­ber law con­sult­ing firm in Mum­bai says, “It is an up­com­ing pro­fes­sion but the level of ex­per­tise in both law and tech­ni­cal know- how has to be ex­cel­lent.” The best way for one to ex­cel in this pro­fes­sion is to ed­u­cate one­self the right way by choos­ing the right cour­ses. Datta ad­vices, “The best com­bi­na­tion would be to grad­u­ate from an en­gi­neer­ing col­lege, fol­lowed by a course in law. It will give one the best of both sides and help one ex­cel in the field.” One has to be con­stantly up­dated with tech­nol­ogy and its de­vel­op­ments. “They may re­fer to books, in­ter­net and other sources avail­able,” adds Datta. A per­sonal in­ter­est in the field is es­sen­tial to al­low one to fol­low such a rou­tine.

Apart from mak­ing a decision and want­ing to spe­cialise in cy­ber law, one should know that the pro­fes­sion is fairly new and a back- up is es­sen­tial. There are var­i­ous col­leges where one may study law and spe­cialise in the pro­fes­sion. The Na­tional Law School of In­dia Univer­sity ( NLSUI) in Ban­ga­lore is con­sid­ered the best, fol­lowed by the fac­ulty of law in Jamia Mil­lia Is­lamia in New Delhi. Most law in­sti­tutes ask their stu­dents to com­plete a com­pul­sory in­tern­ship which adds to their scores. Mali adds that an in­tern­ship is ben­e­fi­cial and a de­gree could be of no good with­out qual­ity ex­pe­ri­ence. The op­por­tu­nity is im­mense but it’s the cal­iber and per­sis­tence that will help one reach great heights.

A good cy­ber lawyer re­quires a bal­anced knowl­edge of

tech­nol­ogy and law

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