How the rank­ings

India Today - - NATION -

Based on fac­tual and per­cep­tual scores, 160 var­si­ties were part of the IN­DIA TO­DAY- Nielsen sur­vey

IN­DIA TO­DAY part­nered with The Nielsen Com­pany for the third sur­vey to de­ter­mine In­dia’s top uni­ver­si­ties in the arts, sci­ence and com­merce streams. Only uni­ver­si­ties that of­fer post­grad­u­ate cour­ses in arts, sci­ence and com­merce were con­sid­ered. In­sti­tu­tions of na­tional im­por­tance which spe­cialise in only one area of knowl­edge such as en­gi­neer­ing, medicine, law or jour­nal­ism have not been in­cluded in the sur­vey. For this rea­son, premier in­sti­tutes such In­dian In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy ( IIT), All In­dia In­sti­tute of Med­i­cal Sci­ences ( AIIMS) or Na­tional In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy ( NIT) have been ex­cluded from the list. To de­ter­mine the ranks, a for­mula based on a per­cep­tion score ( from an in- depth in­ter­view con­ducted among aca­demic ex­perts) and an ob­jec­tive score ( fac­tual data fur­nished by uni­ver­si­ties) was evolved.

Step 1 In- depth in­ter­views were con­ducted with ex­perts to rat­ify the pa­ram­e­ters on which uni­ver­si­ties were judged in the later stages of the study. The pa­ram­e­ters in­clude rep­u­ta­tion, qual­ity of aca­demic in­put, fac­ulty, re­search publi­ca­tions/ projects, in­fra­struc­ture, place­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties, and en­rol­ment for higher ed­u­ca­tion.

Step 2 Desk re­search was con­ducted to gen­er­ate the list of uni­ver­si­ties for the sur­vey. Sec­ondary data sources like the In­ter­net, pub­lished re­ports, and the As­so­ci­a­tion for In­dia Uni­ver­si­ties Hand­book were also used. A com­pre­hen­sive list of more than 160 uni­ver­si­ties was drawn up.

Step 3 337 ex­perts ( deans, regis­trars, readers and pro­fes­sors) were shown the list of 160 uni­ver­si­ties and were asked to rate them on iden­ti­fied pa­ram­e­ters. These ex­perts were not al­lowed to rate their own univer­sity. They were then asked to dis­trib­ute 100 points across the listed pa­ram­e­ters. Each pa­ram­e­ter was as­signed a weight based on the av­er­age im­por­tance given by the ex­perts. Hence the most im­por­tant pa­ram­e­ter got the max­i­mum weight and the least, the min­i­mum. The over­all per­cep­tual score of a univer­sity was cal­cu­lated on the ba­sis of the rat­ings given by the ex­perts on the five key pa­ram­e­ters weighted by their im­por­tance. The uni­ver­si­ties were then ranked based on their over­all per­cep­tual scores. Thus at the end of this ex­er­cise, a list of top 75 uni­ver­si­ties was gen­er­ated.

Step 4 We tried to col­lect fac­tual in­for­ma­tion from these 75 short­listed uni­ver­si­ties and 50 uni­ver­si­ties have shared the data. Fac­tual in­for­ma­tion was col­lected on pa­ram­e­ters such as in­fra­struc­ture, place­ments, aca­demic in­put, re­search and pub­li­ca­tion, as well as fac­ulty. Uni­ver­si­ties that did not pro­vide the data were not con­sid­ered in the final rank­ing process.

Step 5 We ar­rived at the weigh­tage of per­cep­tual and fac­tual in­for­ma­tion based on the ex­pert opin­ions af­ter Step 3. To get the over­all score, a weigh­tage of 50 per cent was ap­plied to the over­all per­cep­tual score and 50 per cent to over­all fac­tual scores. Af­ter as­sign­ing these weights, the score was in­dexed to 100. Thus the method­ol­ogy of rank­ing pro­vides a com­pre­hen­sive picture of each univer­sity rated.

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