IN­DEX: IS BETI BACHAO WORK­ING?

India Today - - UPFRONT -

Ques­tions are be­ing asked about the fig­ures Haryana re­leased re­cently show­ing sub­stan­tial im­prove­ment in the sex ra­tio— from 834 girls for 1,000 boys in the 2011 na­tional cen­sus to 950 in March this year. Ac­cord­ing to news re­ports, sev­eral districts ex­ag­ger­ated fig­ures. Pa­ni­pat, for in­stance, recorded 1,007 girls for ev­ery 1,000 boys, only to re­vise it to 872. The re­vi­sions were the re­sult of an au­dit con­ducted by a team from the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Pad­hao’ cam­paign, launched by Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi in 2015 to com­bat the fall­ing sex ra­tio. If the Haryana fig­ures are ques­tion­able, there is ev­i­dence of im­prove­ment in in­di­vid­ual states and the coun­try over­all, as shown in the Na­tional Fam­ily Health Sur­vey. Lack of ed­u­ca­tion for women and child mar­riage re­main prob­lems.

943

WOMEN per 1,000 males in In­dia, ac­cord­ing to 2011 cen­sus, up from 933 in 2001

919

GIRLS born per 1,000 boys (2011 cen­sus), down from 927 in 2001 and 945 in 1991

836

GIRLS born per 1,000 boys in Haryana, says NFHS 2015­16, up from 762 in 2005­06

68.4%

LITERATE women, says NFHS 2015­16, com­pared to 85.7% men

904

WOMEN per 1,000 males— pro­jected down­trend by World Bank in 2021; 898 in 2031

1,084

WOMEN per 1,000 men in Ker­ala (2011 cen­sus); only state with more women

817

GIRLS born per 1,000 boys in Delhi, down from 840 in 2005­06

78.5

LAKH girls mar­ried be­fore they turn 10, says 2011 cen­sus

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