THE TRANS­FORM­ERS

POWER GRID COR­PO­RA­TION OF IN­DIA LTD | ES­TAB­LISHED IN 1989

India Today - - STATES - —Anilesh S. Ma­ha­jan

HOW IT ALL BE­GAN

In Oc­to­ber 1989, even as the coun­try was in po­lit­i­cal tur­moil, the then V.P. Singh gov­ern­ment de­cided to move on the plan to merge trans­mis­sion as­sets of nine cen­tral sec­tor gen­er­a­tion com­pa­nies along with the re­gional dis­patch cen­tres man­aged by watch­dog Cen­tral Elec­tric­ity Au­thor­ity (CEA) to form the Na­tional Power Trans­mis­sion Cor­po­ra­tion Lim­ited (NPTCL), later rechris­tened the Power Grid Cor­po­ra­tion of In­dia Ltd. This move led to a more syn­er­gised ap­proach, al­low­ing the trans­mis­sion of elec­tric­ity from one re­gion to an­other. In 2016-17, the grid had a ca­pac­ity to trans­fer 75,000 MW elec­tric­ity. In the last fis­cal, half of the 1,200 bil­lion units gen­er­ated in the coun­try flowed through its net­work.

The 19th CEA elec­tric­ity sur­vey pro­jected that elec­tric­ity de­mand in the coun­try would be 235 GW by 2022. The coun­try to­day al­ready has in­stalled ca­pac­ity of 330 GW with peak de­mand of 160 GW. This means Power Grid has the lib­erty to­day to fo­cus more on strength­en­ing the sys­tem than on new projects. A ma­jor task is a ‘green cor­ri­dor’ to ac­com­mo­date 175 GW of re­new­able en­ergy by 2022.

ALL LIT UP

There is the am­bi­tious tar­get of ‘elec­tric­ity for all’ by 2022 for which, in the next five years, trans­mis­sion in­vest­ments worth Rs 2.6 tril­lion—out of which Rs 1.6 tril­lion will be spent by states—have al­ready been iden­ti­fied. By 2022, re­new­able elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion will also con­sti­tute roughly 40 per cent of to­tal in­stalled ca­pac­ity with 100 GW of it so­lar.

SU­BIR HALDER

HIGH STRUNG A Power Grid sub­sta­tion in Shri­ram­pur, Ben­gal

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