A HEALTHY DOSE OF AD­VICE

Do’s and don’ts for well­ness, based on the lat­est re­search

India Today - - HEALTH - By Da­mayanti Datta

CAN­CER BUR­DEN IN IN­DIA

In­dia’s pro­duc­tiv­ity loss due to can­cer is a record $6.7 bil­lion, or 0.36% of the GDP. And the bur­den is ris­ing, with about 1 mil­lion new can­cer cases ev­ery year. But 60% of can­cers are pre­ventable; and one-third of deaths are due to five be­havioural and di­etary risk fac­tors: to­bacco, high body mass in­dex (BMI), low fruit and veg­etable con­sump­tion, lack of phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity and al­co­hol use. About 40% can­cers (such as lung can­cer and oral can­cers) are caused by to­bacco use and an­other 20% from in­fec­tions such as hep­ati­tis B (liver can­cer) and HPV (cer­vi­cal can­cer). In­cred­i­bly, just 12.5% pa­tients are di­ag­nosed in the early stages (Jour­nal of Can­cer Epi­demi­ol­ogy, Jan­u­ary 2018)

FRUIT JUICE & DI­A­BETES

100% FRUIT JUICE does not have a sig­nif­i­cant ef­fect on fast­ing blood glu­cose, fast­ing blood in­sulin or in­sulin re­sis­tance (biomark­ers for di­a­betes risk), says new re­search pub­lished in the Jour­nal of Nu­tri­tional Sci­ence, Jan­u­ary 2018. The data anal­y­sis eval­u­ated the im­pact of 100 per cent juice from fruits such as ap­ple, berry, cit­rus, grape and pome­gran­ate. So a nearly 120 ml glass of 100 per cent juice could count as one serv­ing (half cup) of fruit, and can com­ple­ment whole fruit to help in­di­vid­u­als add ‘more pro­duce to their di­ets’, re­searchers said.

FLU & A HEART AT­TACK

Chances of a heart at­tack go up six-fold dur­ing the first seven days of de­tec­tion of an in­fluenza in­fec­tion, says a new study by the In­sti­tute for Clin­i­cal Eval­u­a­tive Sciences (ICES) and Pub­lic Health On­tario (PHO), Canada. It also found a sig­nif­i­cant as­so­ci­a­tion be­tween acute res­pi­ra­tory in­fec­tions, par­tic­u­larly in­fluenza, and acute my­ocar­dial in­farc­tion. The risk is higher for older adults, pa­tients with in­fluenza B in­fec­tions, and those ex­pe­ri­enc­ing their first heart at­tack. Re­searchers say pa­tients should not de­lay med­i­cal eval­u­a­tion for heart symp­toms, par­tic­u­larly in the first week (New Eng­land Jour­nal of Medicine, Jan­u­ary 2018)

CRASH DIET & THE HEART

Cab­bage soup diet, pro­tein diet, three-day diet, grape­fruit diet, wa­ter fast diet, fresh juice diet—there are lots of lowcalo­rie, meal re­place­ment di­ets that prom­ise mirac­u­lous weight loss out there. But be­ware. Sci­en­tists from the Uni­ver­sity of Ox­ford now say crash di­ets can put your heart at risk. Rapid weight loss slows down me­tab­o­lism, de­prives the body of essen­tial nu­tri­ents, weak­ens the im­mune sys­tem and in­creases risk of heart pal­pi­ta­tion and car­diac stress. It can also dam­age blood ves­sels, the mi­cro tears lead­ing to heart dis­ease.

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