Cli­mate change to hit COF­FEE LOVERS HARD

Millennium Post - - TOWN -

THANKS TO GLOBAL warm­ing; your morn­ing cup of cof­fee could be a lot more pricey in the years to come. Re­searchers have es­ti­mated that cli­mate change could re­duce cof­fee grow­ing ar­eas in Latin Amer­ica – the world’s largest cof­fee-pro­duc­ing re­gion – by as much as 88 per cent by 2050.

The study pub­lished in the jour­nal Pro­ceed­ings of the Na­tional Acad­emy of Sciences (PNAS) of­fers cli­mate change’s pro­jected im­pacts on cof­fee, and the bees that help cof­fee to grow.

“Cof­fee is one of the most valu­able com­modi­ties on earth, and needs a suit­able cli­mate and pol­li­nat­ing bees to be pro­duce well,” said study co-au­thor Tay­lor Rick­etts, Pro­fes­sor at Univer­sity of Vermont in the US.

“This is the first study to show how both will likely change un­der global warm­ing – in ways that will hit cof­fee pro­duc­ers hard,” Rick- etts said. While other re­search has ex­plored cli­mate – cof­fee sce­nar­ios, no other study has ex­plored the cou­pled ef­fects of cli­mate change on cof­fee and bees at the na­tional or con­ti­nen­tal scale.

The study was con­ducted with ad­vanced mod­el­ing, spa­tial anal­y­sis and field data. It fore­casts much greater losses of cof­fee re­gions than pre­vi­ous global as­sess­ments, with the largest de­clines pro­jected in Nicaragua, Hon­duras and Venezuela. The sci­en­tists pro­jected a slight in­crease in cof­fee suit­abil­ity in Mex­ico, Colom­bia and, mainly in moun­tain­ous ar­eas.

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