Linux Foun­da­tion de­vel­ops EdgeX Foundry to stan­dard­ise IoT

OpenSource For You - - Foss Bytes -

The Linux Foun­da­tion, along with 50 other com­pa­nies, is all set to stan­dard­ise the In­ter­net of Things (IoT) with its EdgeX Foundry.

The new project uni­fies the mar­ket­place around a new com­mon open frame­work and builds an ecosystem of com­pa­nies with in­ter­op­er­a­ble plug-and-play components.

Se­cu­rity has been a ma­jor is­sue with all IoT projects. The Linux Foun­da­tion-backed EdgeX Foundry aims to se­cure the ex­pe­ri­ence by stan­dar­d­is­ing the IoT edge com­put­ing model. The new move also eases the grow­ing con­cern across in­dus­try that IoT has been frag­mented and suf­fers from slower growth due to the lack of a com­mon frame­work.

“EdgeX Foundry is align­ing mar­ket lead­ers around a com­mon frame­work, which will drive IoT adop­tion and en­able busi­nesses to fo­cus on de­vel­op­ing in­no­va­tive use cases that im­pact the bot­tom line,” said Jim Zem­lin, ex­ec­u­tive di­rec­tor, The Linux Foun­da­tion.

The EdgeX de­vel­op­ment is ex­pected to solve the com­plex­ity caused by IoT’s wide components range by sim­pli­fy­ing the creation of IoT edge so­lu­tions. Us­ing in­ter­op­er­a­ble plug-and-play components, the frame­work will ease IoT prod­uct or so­lu­tion creation for de­vel­op­ers. The built-in components can run on any hard­ware or op­er­at­ing sys­tem.

The in­ter­op­er­abil­ity be­tween con­nected de­vices, ser­vices and ap­pli­ca­tions will sim­plify the creation of IoT projects. More­over, the open source will give a dy­namic na­ture to the projects, let­ting end cus­tomers adapt to chang­ing busi­ness needs.

Dell is help­ing EdgeX Foundry with early stage FUSE source code un­der Apache 2.0. The FUSE project is a layer builder be­tween mes­sag­ing pro­to­cols used by sen­sor net­works and cloud server lay­ers.

Or­gan­i­sa­tions like Ad­vance Mi­cro De­vices, Bayshore Net­works, Li­naro, Dell, Canon­i­cal, VMware and NetFoundry are the found­ing mem­bers of the EdgeX Foundry.

OpenSUSE Tum­ble­weed users re­ceive snap­shot up­dates

OpenSUSE has re­ceived the lat­est set of up­dates and fixes. OpenSUSE Tum­ble­weed users stand to gain with this move be­cause of the use of ad­vanced tech­nolo­gies like KDE Plasma 5.9.5 and the GNOME 3.24.1 en­vi­ron­ment.

Dou­glas DeMaio from the OpenSUSE project an­nounced the new up­dates. He high­lighted the pres­ence of the Thun­der­bird 52.1.0 email client, the KDE frame­works 5.33.0, the Vim 8.0.566 edi­tor, the Mesa 17.0.4 3D graph­ics library and the Zyp­per 1.13.24 pack­age man­ager, in ad­di­tion to the fresh en­vi­ron­ments. These lat­est up­dates also in­clude im­por­tant se­cu­rity fixes for nu­mer­ous pack­ages in Tum­ble­weed.

Ad­di­tion­ally, the open source com­mu­nity has re­ceived the OpenSUSE Leap 42.3 Build 0184 re­lease

that in­cludes all the changes im­ple­mented in the new snap­shots.

Tum­ble­weed users have re­ceived more than seven snap­shot up­dates re­cently. The project has re­ceived the lat­est ver­sions of many widely-used ap­pli­ca­tions.

Wipro joins block chain-cen­tric Ethereum Al­liance

Wipro has joined the En­ter­prise Ethereum Al­liance (EEA) as a found­ing mem­ber. The EEA has been founded to pro­mote, de­velop and im­ple­ment en­ter­prise grade Ethereum-based block chain ap­pli­ca­tions.

Ben­galuru-head­quar­tered Wipro has been ac­tively con­tribut­ing to Ethereum.

The open source plat­form fea­tures block chain-based com­put­ing with smart con­tract func­tion­al­ity. “We are ex­cited to be a part of the found­ing team of the En­ter­prise Ethereum Al­liance and con­trib­ute to­wards key as­pects such as se­cu­rity, pri­vacy and scal­a­bil­ity as these will be the key de­ter­mi­nants in ac­cel­er­at­ing block chain adop­tion within en­ter­prises,” said Kr­ish­naku­mar N. Menon, vice president of ser­vice trans­for­ma­tion, Wipro Lim­ited, in a joint state­ment.

Wipro’s re­search and de­vel­op­ment on Ethereum will en­able the de­vel­op­ment of block chain-based in­dus­try so­lu­tions such as De­liv­ery ver­sus Pay­ments (DvP) set­tle­ment for se­cu­ri­ties and cap­i­tal mar­kets, skip-trace con­sor­tia for bank­ing, peerto-peer (P2P) in­sur­ance for the shar­ing econ­omy, and anti-coun­ter­feit so­lu­tions for sup­ply chain trace­abil­ity.

“It is great to have Wipro as a found­ing mem­ber of the En­ter­prise Ethereum Al­liance,” said Mar­ley Gray, prin­ci­pal block chain ar­chi­tect, Mi­crosoft. In ad­di­tion to the in-house de­vel­op­ments, Ethereum is be­ing used by Wipro client com­pa­nies. The In­dian IT gi­ant has also es­tab­lished the Blockchain In­no­va­tion Lab as part of its Blockchain COE (Cen­tre of Ex­cel­lence) to sup­port the ad­vanced de­vel­op­ments. The lab has been founded to build use-case spe­cific block chain so­lu­tions.

Facebook’s Ocu­lus to plan its fu­ture around open source

Facebook-owned Ocu­lus is set to shut down its vir­tual re­al­ity (VR) divi­sion, Ocu­lus Story Stu­dio. The new move is aimed to sup­port de­vel­op­ments around im­mer­sive ex­pe­ri­ences us­ing the open source model.

Ocu­lus’ VP of con­tent, Jason Ru­bin, has an­nounced that the shut­down of its Story Stu­dio is part of the shift that will re­sult in the com­pany of­fer­ing sup­port for ex­ter­nal pro­duc­tion. “Af­ter care­ful con­sid­er­a­tion, we have de­cided to shift our fo­cus away from in­ter­nal con­tent creation to sup­port more ex­ter­nal pro­duc­tion,” Ru­bin writes in a blog post, adding, “As part of that shift, we will be wind­ing down Story Stu­dio.”

Founded in 2014, Ocu­lus Story Stu­dio was de­signed to pro­duce orig­i­nal cin­e­matic con­tent for the com­pany. Ini­tially, it brought out some VR shorts to per­suade tra­di­tional film­mak­ers to en­ter the new world of en­ter­tain­ment. How­ever, Ocu­lus’ team is now ap­par­ently seek­ing to build its fu­ture around open source.

Ocu­lus will pro­vide re­sources and pro­grammes to help cre­ators and third­party de­vel­op­ers be­gin with their VR so­lu­tions. At the Ocu­lus Connect de­vel­oper con­fer­ence in Oc­to­ber, Facebook CEO Mark Zucker­berg high­lighted the in­vest­ment

of more than US$ 250 mil­lion for build­ing orig­i­nal VR con­tent. Ocu­lus has now set aside US$ 50 mil­lion from the pro­posed fund­ing amount to invest ex­clu­sively on non-gam­ing, ex­per­i­men­tal VR con­tent. “This money will go di­rectly to artists to help jump­start the most in­no­va­tive and ground­break­ing VR ideas,” Ru­bin stated.

This is not the first time that VR is ex­plor­ing open source op­tions. Plat­forms like StreamVR and Google’s Day­dream VR have also opted for com­mu­nity moves to gain in the mar­ket. Last month, Facebook even launched its JavaScript frame­work, Re­act VR, to boost the progress around sim­u­la­tion and im­mer­sive ex­pe­ri­ences.

Cin­na­mon 3.4 de­buts with no­table changes

Af­ter much an­tic­i­pa­tion, Cin­na­mon 3.4 has fi­nally been re­leased. The lat­est desk­top en­vi­ron­ment in­cludes changes that will be in­cluded by de­fault within the Linux Mint 18.2.

Cin­na­mon 3.4 comes with over 160 new changes. You can ex­pect a few more bug fixes and patches be­fore the desk­top en­vi­ron­ment ar­rives in the sta­ble chan­nels of var­i­ous Linux dis­tros.

The lat­est ver­sion of­fers a cin­na­mon-stap-mon­i­tor utility and bet­ter panel in­tel­li­hide. A note­wor­thy ad­di­tion is the abil­ity to man­age the sys­temd ser­vices in the dis­tro. An­other no­table tweak is a ‘Run now’ but­ton that ap­pears while you se­lect a row in Cin­na­mon’s Set­tings mod­ule. It eases the man­age­ment of startup ap­pli­ca­tions.

Be­sides, the desk­top en­vi­ron­ment will no longer dis­play the ap­plets that do not of­fer ver­ti­cal pan­els. You can also easily con­fig­ure the LightDM lo­gin man­ager us­ing lightdm-set­tings in the Cin­na­mon Set­tings mod­ule.

The new Cin­na­mon re­lease dis­plays crit­i­cal no­ti­fi­ca­tions in full-screen mode. The team has also fixed the panel launcher an­i­ma­tion, and users can con­trol the ac­cel­er­a­tion and sen­si­tiv­ity of the mouse pointer.

GNU Com­piler Col­lec­tion gets an­niver­sary up­date

GNU Com­piler Col­lec­tion (GCC) has re­ceived an up­date to 7.1.0. The new ver­sion marks the 30th an­niver­sary of GCC.

The GCC 7.1.0 up­date is a ma­jor re­lease for the open source com­mu­nity as it comes with sev­eral new func­tion­al­i­ties. “This year, we cel­e­brated the 30th an­niver­sary of the first GCC beta re­lease, and this month we will cel­e­brate 30 years since the GCC 1.0 re­lease,” GCC de­vel­oper Jakub Je­linek wrote in an of­fi­cial an­nounce­ment.

The lat­est ver­sion brings ex­per­i­men­tal sup­port for the C++17 draft library in the C++ fron­tend. There are also a few ad­di­tions in the lib­stdc++ library. The GCC team has in­cluded the std=gnu++1z and -std=c++1z op­tions as well.

Fur­ther, GCC 7.1 gets sup­port for Ad­dress San­i­tizer to re­port the use of vari­ables. There are also im­proved ver­sions of the op­ti­mis­ers to add new func­tion­al­ity in the link time op­ti­mi­sa­tions.

Along­side the ma­jor tweaks and changes, the GCC up­date has the abil­ity to con­fig­ure OpenMP 4.5 of­fload­ing for Nvidia PTX GPUs. Tools like stink wrap­ping, code host­ing and loop split­ting have also been en­hanced in the new ver­sion.

You can down­load the of­fi­cial source tar­ball of GCC 7.1.0 and com­pile the

ver­sion for your Linux dis­tro. The sta­ble repos­i­tory for the re­spec­tive dis­tros will be avail­able soon.

In­dia IT in­fras­truc­ture spend­ing to reach US$ 2.2 bil­lion in 2017: Gart­ner

The ex­pen­di­ture on IT in­fras­truc­ture in In­dia is ex­pected to reach US$ 2.2 bil­lion in 2017, ac­cord­ing to re­search firm Gart­ner. Seg­ments like en­ter­prise net­work­ing and stor­age are ex­pected to reg­is­ter growth while the spend­ing on server equip­ment is ex­pected to de­cline.

Gart­ner pre­dicts that the over­all IT in­fras­truc­ture spend­ing in the coun­try will in­crease by 1.5 per cent over 2016. The prime fac­tor be­hind the growth is touted to be the dig­i­tal trans­for­ma­tion that was kick­started right from the gov­ern­ment level — with the launch of pub­lic initiatives like ‘Dig­i­tal In­dia’ and ‘Make in In­dia’. “Dig­i­tal trans­for­ma­tion is bring­ing in new sets of chal­lenges and op­por­tu­ni­ties for In­dian in­fras­truc­ture lead­ers,” said Naveen Mishra, re­search di­rec­tor at Gart­ner, in a state­ment. “They have the unique op­por­tu­nity of be­ing at the helm of this shift within their or­gan­i­sa­tion, pro­vided they align with the im­per­a­tives of the dig­i­tal world,” he added.

Swift in­crease in the de­mand for cloud com­put­ing has made en­ter­prise net­work­ing the ‘big­gest seg­ment’ within the en­tire In­dian IT in­fras­truc­ture mar­ket. The firm pre­dicts that rev­enue from the en­ter­prise net­work­ing seg­ment will reach US$ 1.1 bil­lion in 2017.

Af­ter en­ter­prise net­work­ing comes the stor­age seg­ment that is ex­pected to reach US$ 352 mil­lion. Gart­ner be­lieves that the small in­crease in rev­enue from US$

346 mil­lion in 2016 will be pri­mar­ily driven by tech­nol­ogy al­ter­na­tives such as soft­ware-de­fined stor­age (SDS) and Flash-based stor­age.

In the en­tire In­dian IT in­fras­truc­ture mar­ket, server spend­ing is pre­dicted to fall. Gart­ner ex­pects that the spend­ing on server equip­ment will de­cline from US$ 765 mil­lion in 2016 to US$ 727 mil­lion in 2017.

De­spite the de­cline in 2017, server spend­ing is likely to re­ceive a mar­ginal boost in 2018 and reach US$ 768 mil­lion. New de­vel­op­ments like the ad­vanced Linux dis­tri­bu­tions are ex­pected to play a vi­tal role over time.

Google de­vel­ops a DIY kit to make Rasp­berry Pi smarter

Rasp­berry Pi Foun­da­tion has part­nered with Google to launch a spe­cial DIY kit that comes bun­dled with the MagPi 57 mag­a­zine, and is de­signed to en­able Rasp­berry Pi to build so­lu­tions around Ama­zon Echo and Google Home.

Called the ‘Ar­ti­fi­cial In­tel­li­gent Your­self’ (AIY), the kit comes with a Google Voice Hard­ware At­tached on Top (HAT) ac­ces­sory board and in­cludes components such as a stereo mi­cro­phone, large ar­cade but­ton and a se­lec­tion of wires. Google has also pro­vided its iconic card­board case that houses the en­tire kit in a neat and clean form — sim­i­lar to Google Card­board.

“The folks at Google, along with us at the MagPi, are re­ally ex­cited to see what projects you can cre­ate (or en­hance) with this kit -- whether you are cre­at­ing a voice-con­trolled robot or a voice in­ter­face that an­swers all your ques­tions,” said Rob Zwet­sloot, fea­tures edi­tor for the MagPi mag­a­zine.

You need to use your Rasp­berry Pi 3 to be­gin the ac­tion with the AIY kit. Also, Google has pro­vided ac­cess to the re­cently de­vel­oped Google As­sis­tant SDK and Google Cloud Speech API to let you easily build the next Ama­zon Echo or Google Home.

Mi­crosoft’s Imag­ine Cup (2017) In­dia round win­ners de­clared

Mi­crosoft re­cently an­nounced the In­dia win­ners of its Imag­ine Cup 2017 at a con­fer­ence in New Delhi. The win­ners will rep­re­sent the coun­try at the world­wide fi­nals in July at Seat­tle to com­pete against global tal­ent for a prize worth US$ 100,000.

The team, Con­tent Holmes from BITS Pi­lani has emerged as the win­ning team among the 27 fi­nal­ists from the In­dian re­gion. It de­vel­oped a one-click ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence (AI) based on­line par­ent­ing so­lu­tion to help par­ents keep chil­dren se­cure from cy­ber bul­ly­ing.

Started back in 2003, the 15th edition of Imag­ine Cup at­tracted par­tic­i­pa­tion from more than 1,600 col­leges across the coun­try. “We had got en­tries from 500600 in­sti­tutes last year, but over 1,600 col­leges have par­tic­i­pated this time,” said Narendra Bhan­dari, gen­eral man­ager of the de­vel­oper ex­pe­ri­ence and evan­ge­lism, Mi­crosoft In­dia.

Bhan­dari, who leads the growth of de­vel­oper en­gage­ments by Mi­crosoft in the coun­try, told Open Source For You that of the 27 par­tic­i­pat­ing teams, 11 were led by women. “This is def­i­nitely heart­en­ing, if not sur­pris­ing,” he said.

Mi­crosoft had four judg­ing pan­els to pick the win­ners. Each of the pan­els com­prised dif­fer­ent jury mem­bers, in­clud­ing en­gi­neers, ven­ture cap­i­tal­ists/ ac­cel­er­a­tors, startup founders and aca­demi­cians. And there was only one Mi­crosoft em­ployee in the pan­els.

“We have ex­panded the ju­ries. They bring a dif­fer­ent per­spec­tive when judg­ing the ideas, and each of the widened jury pan­els is giv­ing par­tic­i­pants’ feed­back to im­prove,” said Bhan­dari.

The aim of the Imag­ine Cup is not just to cre­ate star­tups but also to en­cour­age think­ing skills. In­stead of fo­cus­ing pri­mar­ily on a pro­pri­etary so­lu­tion, Mi­crosoft is open to con­sid­er­ing de­vel­op­ments ir­re­spec­tive of the plat­form. “The mes­sage we give to peo­ple through the Imag­ine Cup is—any de­vel­oper, any app and any plat­form,” Bhan­dari stated.

When asked about what mes­sage de­vel­op­ers need to re­ceive from a pro­gramme like Imag­ine Cup, Bhan­dari told Open Source For You that this is the best time to in­no­vate. “You have all kinds of men­tor­ship avail­able,” he added.

Apart from Con­tent Holmes, Mi-ami­gos of Chameli Group of In­sti­tutes, Pock­etCon­fi­dent AI of IIT, Hyderabad, and White Cane of IIT, Kharag­pur have emerged as the three run­ner-ups. Three of the four out­stand­ing projects are based on AI tech­nolo­gies.

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