Show Re­port: De­fexpo 2014

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De­fexpo Un­der­scores Global Part­ner­ships

THE EIGHTH EDI­TION OF De­fexpo 2014, In­dia’s bi­en­nial land, naval and in­ter­nal home­land se­cu­rity ex­hi­bi­tion, which was held from Fe­bru­ary 6 to 9 in New Delhi was im­por­tant as it high­lighted In­dia’s de­ter­mi­na­tion to part­ner with global com­pa­nies. In­creas­ingly, the event is com­ing to be seen where more than sell­ing, com­pa­nies are in­ter­ested in joint ven­tures, part­ner­ships etc to take their busi­ness for­ward. One of the key take­aways from the event was that In­dian in­di­geni­sa­tion is in­evitable and for high-end tech­nolo­gies the an­swer is for­eign col­lab­o­ra­tions.

SP Guide Pub­li­ca­tions, which is cel­e­brat­ing its Golden Ju­bilee, yet again col­lab­o­rated with the show or­gan­is­ers as the key of­fi­cial me­dia part­ner. Col­lab­o­ra­tions, within and with­out, are the way for­ward.

In­au­gu­rat­ing De­fexpo, the Min­is­ter of De­fence A.K. Antony un­der­scored the im­por­tance of global part­ner­ships to help ac­cel­er­ate the pace of in­di­geni­sa­tion in the de­fence in­dus­try. And the global com­pa­nies are also mov­ing in that di­rec­tion, en­ter­ing into art­ner­ships, joint ven­tures, agree­ments, me­moran­dum of un­der­stand­ing, etc, with In­dian com­pa­nies. They want to be here for the long haul and not just as a seller.

While in­au­gu­rat­ing De­fexpo, De­fence Min­is­ter A.K. Antony said these ini­tia­tives would help in the long run to bring down the de­pen­dence on im­ports from over 70 per cent to be­low 50 per cent, maybe in the next five to 10 years.

In­dia’s de­fence mar­ket is huge and ac­cord­ing to some es­ti­mates it is over $150 bil­lion by 2020 and this huge mar­ket is at­tract­ing play­ers from all over. This year De­fexpo at­tracted 624 com­pa­nies from 30 coun­tries in the four-day event. Of the 624 com­pa­nies, 256 were In­dian and 368 for­eign. The num­ber of In­dian com­pa­nies has gone down from 335 in 2012 as this time com­pa­nies which are only based in In­dia have been al­lowed to seek fi­nan­cial con­ces­sions of nearly 57 per cent un­der the cat­e­gory. As many as 30 coun­tries are dis­play- ing their equip­ment and 12 of them have their own “coun­try pavil­ions”.

The De­fence Re­search and De­vel­op­ment Or­gan­i­sa­tion (DRDO) was the largest do­mes­tic ex­hibitor which dis­played its full range un­manned aerial ve­hi­cles and tanks. The largest over­seas par­tic­i­pa­tion was from Rus­sia, the largest arms sup­plier to In­dia, with 37 com­pa­nies fol­lowed by France at 24 and Is­rael at 21. The high­light in­cluded the Tor M2KM air de­fence mis­sile sys­tem, which can de­tect and process up to 48 tar­gets. The Rus­sian ADS as­sault ri­fle, claimed to be the most mod­ern in Rus­sia, also was on dis­play.

Ex­pand­ing joint de­vel­op­ment and pro­duc­tion ef­forts on weaponry and mil­i­tary equip­ment were among the key topics dur­ing talks be­tween Rosoboronex­port (part of the Rostec State Cor­po­ra­tion) and In­dian part­ners at De­fexpo.

The De­fence Min­is­ter said the ex­hi­bi­tion pro­vided for­eign com­pa­nies an op­por­tu­nity to tie up with In­dian com­pa­nies to meet their tar­gets un­der the de­fence off­set pol­icy, which is be­ing mod­i­fied to al­low par­tic­i­pa­tion of more firms. The com­pa­nies have 20,000 crore worth of com­mit­ments to ful­fil up to 2022. The 26 per cent FDI cap which ex­ists on de­fence pur­chases, he stated would be re­laxed by the Govern­ment in case a ven­dor brings in state-of-the-art tech­nol­ogy. In­dian com­pa­nies had con­trib­uted 40,000 crore worth of equip­ment to the de­fence sec­tor in 2012-13.

In­dian Guns Boom

The ar­tillery gun seg­ment also caught at­ten­tion as In­dia has em­barked upon mod­erni­sa­tion of the same and the mar­ket is said to be the size of $6 bil­lion. Ar­tillery guns from sev­eral In­dian com­pa­nies, Tatas, Kalyani Group, the Ord­nance Fac­tory Board (OFB), DRDO, etc were pre­sented. The OFB high­lighted ‘Dhanush’ a 155mm 45-cal­i­bre gun with a range of over 38 km. The DRDO show­cased, among other things, the Ad­vanced Towed Ar­tillery Gun (ATAG) project, to build a more pow­er­ful 155mm, 52-cal­i­bre gun. This gun will range out to 60 km, with a weight of just 12 tonnes. The Kalyani Group’s Bharat Forge has built its own gun, the Bharat-2. The group, which has tied up with El­bit Sys­tems of Is­rael, show­cased its 130-155mm fully up­graded gun sys­tem. BAE sys­tems had a full team to ex­plain the fea­tures of its M777 how­itzer and other prod­ucts.

DRDO also un­veiled a 130mm self-pro­pelled gun sys­tem, built based on the Ar­jun tank’s Mark 1 chas­sis. DRDO also high­lighted its net­work-cen­tric war­fare sys­tem de­vel­oped for the Navy.


Tata com­pa­nies were present in full strength. The key Tata com­pa­nies which have pro­grammes re­lated to de­fence in­clude TAL Man­u­fac­tur­ing So­lu­tions; Tata Ad­vanced Sys­tems; Tata Con­sul­tancy Ser­vices; Tata Elxsi; Tata In­dus­trial Ser­vices; Tata Mo­tors; Tata Power – Strate­gic En­gi­neer­ing Di­vi­sion; and Ti­tan Com­pany. Tata Mo­tors dis­played a new wheeled ar­moured am­phibi­ous plat­form and light ar­moured multi-pur­pose ve­hi­cles. The wheeled ar­moured ve­hi­cle, de­vel­oped with DRDO, has in­ter­change­able snap-in mod­ules. The ve­hi­cle is in­te­grated with the Raytheon-Lock­heed Martin Javelin anti-tank guided mis­sile sys­tem.


Larsen & Toubro, which has tied up with Nex­ter of France, un­veiled a new ver­sion of its Cae­sar 155mm mounted gun sys­tem. The French com­pany teamed up with the In­dian com­pa­nies L&T and Ashok Ley­land De­fence to of­fer a sys­tem fit­ted to Ashok Ley­land’s six-wheel Su­per Stal­lion chas­sis.


Is­rael was rep­re­sented by 21 com­pa­nies, the third largest con­tin­gent af­ter Rus­sia and France. Is­rael Aero­space In­dus­tries pre­sented a wide range of strate­gic sys­tems, in­clud­ing mis­sion air­craft, a va­ri­ety of UAVs, ad­vanced radar sys­tems, air de­fence sys­tems and com­mand and con­trol gear for var­i­ous the­atres, in­clud­ing cy­ber.

Rafael dis­played the Spike anti-tank guided mu­ni­tion, which is be­ing con­sid­ered for pur­chase by the In­dian Army. The Iron Dome short-range ar­tillery sys­tem was also on dis­play. In ad­di­tion, the com­pany dis­played the Python-5, Derby and MiC4AD air de­fence mis­siles.


Is­rael Aero­space In­dus­tries (IAI) pre­sented a wide range of strate­gic sys­tems, in­clud­ing a range of mis­sion air­craft, var­i­ous UAVs (un­manned aerial ve­hi­cles), ad­vanced radar sys­tems, L/MRSAM air de­fence sys­tems, com­mand and con­trol sys­tems for dif­fer­ent lev­els of war­fare in­clud­ing cy­ber and com­mu­ni­ca­tion sys­tems.

In the field of home­land se­cu­rity (HLS) and pro­tec­tion of mar­itime eco­nomic ex­clu­sion zones (EEZ), IAI show­cased its in­te­grated mar­itime sys­tems in­clud­ing UAVs, sen­sors, radars, and com­mand and con­trol sys­tems. In ad­di­tion, IAI pre­sented an un­manned sur­face ves­sel (USV), which sup­ports a wide range of ap­pli­ca­tions for HLS and EEZ pro­tec­tion, in­clud­ing har­bour se­cu­rity, pa­trol of coastal and ter­ri­to­rial wa­ters, sur­face se­cu­rity, elec­tronic war­fare, coastal and off­shore plat­form and in­fra­struc­ture pro­tec­tion (in­clud­ing oil rigs and pipe­lines). IAI also dis­played its ad­vanced BMS (bat­tle man­age­ment sys­tem) for ground forces.


Lock­heed Martin has sev­eral pro­grammes and ca­pa­bil­i­ties on of­fer to In­dia such as the guided mul­ti­ple launch rocket sys­tem (GMLRS); Hell­fire II mod­u­lar mis­sile sys­tem; un­manned aerial ve­hi­cles rang­ing from mi­cro-UAVs such as the Stalker or the Desert Hawk III to larger plat­forms like the Reaper; the Aegis com­bat sys­tem, etc. The com­pany is clear in its strat­egy—to keep the In­dian mar­ket aware of these pro­grammes and to work in part­ner­ship with In­dian com­pa­nies to ex­pand its pres­ence here.


MBDA, fully in­te­grated Euro­pean com­pany, had a strong pres­ence at De­fexpo and had sev­eral meet­ings with a few In­dian com­pa­nies and of­fi­cials on tak­ing the part­ner­ship fur­ther. MBDA dis­played its Mis­tral MANPAD sys­tem await­ing a de­ci­sion on the In­dian Army’s very short-range air de­fence sys­tem (VSHORADS) pro­gramme.

MBDA also show­cased the en­tire fam­ily of Ex­o­cet mis­siles, which in­cluded the sur­face, sub­ma­rine and air-launched vari­ants. The Ex­o­cet SM39 has been or­dered for In­dia’s Scor­pene sub­marines. The com­pany also had dis­cus­sions with the In­dian Army to of­fer its Mis­sile Moyenne Portée (MMP) anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW). The com­pany has de­vel­oped the MMP mis­sile to meet French Army re­quire­ments, re­ceiv­ing a con­tract for 2,850 mis­siles in De­cem­ber 2013 and it be­lieves that it will be a good fit for the In­dian re­quire­ment.

With dis­cus­sions hav­ing been con­cluded and a de­ci­sion ex­pected shortly to pro­ceed with a short-range sur­face to air weapon to fill a recog­nised ca­pa­bil­ity gap within the In­dian Air Force and Navy, a full scale model of the SR-SAM mis­sile took pride of place on the com­pany’s stand. Of­ten re­ferred to as MAITRI, this pro­gramme sees MBDA sup­port­ing the DRDO and rep­re­sents the cor­ner­stone of MBDA’s long-term part­ner­ship and co­op­er­a­tion strat­egy in In­dia. Dis­played for the first time in In­dia, the weapon sys­tem rep­re­sents a ma­jor ad­vance for the bat­tle­field. This weapon, MMP is be­ing de­vel­oped as a highly ad­vanced suc­ces­sor to the suc­cess­ful MI­LAN with a range of im­por­tant fea­tures plac­ing it well be­yond the ca­pa­bil­i­ties of the com­pe­ti­tion.


Rafael’s Liten­ing G4 had been selected fol­low­ing an In­dian Air Force (IAF) call for ten­ders for 164 pods to equip its en­tire fleet of fighter-bombers. De­liv­er­ies are slated for end of 2014 and when com­pleted, the IAF will have about 220 Liten­ing pods. The Rafael stand also fea­tured the Rec­celite re­con­nais­sance pod, which re­tains the outer cas­ing of the Liten­ing but re­places cer­tain com­po­nents (in­clud­ing the laser des­ig­na­tor) with higher-per­for­mance sen­sor and op­tics.

The IAF plans to fit the new Liten­ing G4 to its Jaguars, MiG-27s, Su-30MKIs and Mi­rage 2000s, the lat­ter hav­ing been equipped sev­eral years ago with the ear­lier-gen­er­a­tion Liten­ing. Rafael also stated that it was in dis­cus­sions with Das­sault on the pos­si­ble in­te­gra­tion of Liten­ing on the Rafale, which In­dia is ac­quir­ing 126 air­craft for the IAF.

Rafael also in­di­cates that in­te­gra­tion of the Derby and Python 5 mis­siles on In­dia’s LCA Te­jas com­bat air­craft should be com­plete by the year-end. Rafael team at De­fexpo ex­plained that its Spike mis­siles and the Spike Team Trainer were be­ing used by the NATO forces, in­di­cat­ing its com­bat ca­pa­bil­i­ties.

Rafael spe­cialises in cur­rent and fu­ture land sys­tems. In ad­di­tion to the tra­di­tional bat­tle­field, Rafael’s com­bat-proven land sys- tems are op­ti­mal for the ever-grow­ing arena of ur­ban war­fare. These in­clude Rafael’s Spike mis­siles, re­mote con­trolled weapon sta­tions, tro­phy ac­tive pro­tec­tion sys­tem for ar­moured ve­hi­cles, air de­fence sys­tems (Iron Dome, David’s Sling, Spy­der) etc.


El­bit Sys­tems in­tro­duced for the first time, in In­dia, its UGS sys­tem for con­tin­u­ous force or bor­der pro­tec­tion us­ing a va­ri­ety of ad­vanced sen­sors—The “Trea­sures”. The sys­tem was pre­sented at the De­fexpo.

El­bit Sys­tems in­tro­duced the sys­tem com­po­nents and ex­plained that it is based on a com­bi­na­tion of four main sen­sors – A sand sen­sor sen­si­tive to vi­bra­tions, an acous­tic sen­sor (both of these are set in the ground), a minia­ture tac­ti­cal radar which can “cover” an area at up to an an­gle of 60 and a still cam­era that launches pho­to­graphs ac­cord­ing to a pre­de­ter­mined rate. The sen­sors are con­nected to com­mand and con­trol and com­mu­ni­ca­tion sys­tems, which process the in­for­ma­tion and trans­mit it to the back post.


Photonis pre­sented its lat­est night vi­sion sen­sor in­no­va­tions at De­fexpo. With deep knowl­edge of night vi­sion, Photonis of­fered to up­grade the In­dian Army and Spe­cial Forces with mod­ern night vi­sion tech­nol­ogy such as night sights for ri­fles, night vi­sion equip­ment for ar­moured and mech­a­nised for­ma­tions. Photonis dis­played its com­bat proven, ITAR free XR5 and XD-4 im­age in­ten­si­fier tubes, with auto-gat­ing. It also fea­tured the black and white ONYX vari­ant that is used in many night vi­sion ap­pli­ca­tions.

Photonis also show­cased its dig­i­tal night vi­sion so­lu­tions Noc­turn, a dig­i­tal ex­treme low-light CMOS cam­era, es­pe­cially de­signed for high per­for­mance un­der both day­light and low-light level con­di­tions (up to light level 3). Its small size, weight and power (SWaP) also make this cam­era mod­ule ideal for in­te­gra­tion into aerial, mo­bile and hand-held sur­veil­lance sys­tems.


De­fence and se­cu­rity com­pany Saab and the Kalyani Group, one of In­dia’s leading high­tech­nol­ogy multi­na­tion­als, en­tered into a strate­gic al­liance to part­ner and ad­dress key In­dian Army air de­fence projects, in­clud­ing the VSHORAD and SRSAM re­quire­ments.

The team­ing com­bines Saab’s many decades as a leading de­vel­oper and sup­plier of proven high-tech­nol­ogy radar and mis­sile sys­tems, with the rich en­gi­neer­ing and man­u­fac­tur­ing ca­pa­bil­i­ties of Kalyani. The agree­ment was signed by Saab’s CEO and Pres­i­dent Håkan Buskhe and Baba Kalyani, Chair­man of the Kalyani Group, dur­ing De­fexpo in New Delhi.

Baba Kalyani stated: “This com­ing to­gether of the Kalyani Group and Saab is a very im­por­tant step in our jour­ney to ad­dress the in­di­geni­sa­tion ef­forts of the In­dian de­fence sec­tor. The part­ner­ship be­tween the Kalyani Group and Saab will lever­age our strong in­no­va­tion-based man­u­fac­tur­ing ca­pa­bil­ity, cou­pled with Saab’s tech­ni­cal ex­per­tise and lead­er­ship in air de­fence sys­tems, to deliver sta­teof-the-art, world leading so­lu­tions to the In­dian Army’s air de­fence pro­grammes.”

Håkan Bushke again ex­pressed his con­tin­u­ing sup­port for In­dia’s am­bi­tions not­ing that “Saab has made a long-term com­mit­ment to In­dia and is keen to sup­port In­dia’s ef­forts to cre­ate an indige­nous de­fence in­dus­try. This tie-up with Kalyani Group marks a sig­nif­i­cant step in that di­rec­tion, where the two par­ties will serve In­dia’s air de­fence mis­sile sys­tem re­quire­ments through indige­nous pro­duc­tion and trans­fer of tech­nol­ogy.”

The agree­ment will ini­tially fo­cus on the VSHORAD and SRSAM pro­grammes for In­dia. Saab is of­fer­ing a sys­tem based on the RBS 70 NG mis­sile sys­tem for VSHORAD, de­liv­er­ing a highly ac­cu­rate, man-por­ta­ble sys­tem with 24 x 7 all-tar­get ca­pa­bil­ity that is im­mune to coun­ter­mea­sures. For the SRSAM re­quire­ment Saab is of­fer­ing a unique com­bi­na­tion of its Gi­raffe AMB 3-D radar and the BAMSE ad­vanced ground­based air de­fence mis­sile sys­tem.


Raytheon de­liv­ers next-gen­er­a­tion so­lu­tions to its part­ners in In­dia in var­i­ous ar­eas such as in­te­grated air and mis­sile de­fence; sonar, nav­i­ga­tion, in­te­grated bridge and ship­board com­bat sys­tems; land and war­fare sys­tems; strate­gic in­tel­li­gence, sur­veil­lance and re­con­nais­sance; air traf­fic man­age­ment; and mar­itime, bor­der, cy­ber and civil se­cu­rity.

At De­fexpo, Raytheon show­cased these so­lu­tions and each of these so­lu­tions help sup­port crit­i­cal sys­tems, pro­mote eco­nomic growth and strengthen a re­la­tion­ship that is based on more than six decades of in­no­va­tion. Raytheon of­fi­cials men­tioned that the way for­ward in In­dia was con­tin­ued part­ner­ship and it was here for the long haul.

The com­pany made an an­nounce­ment of its test­ing of Ex­cal­ibur lb pre­ci­sionguided ar­tillery shells dur­ing an ex­ten­sive test event in Ari­zona. The first ar­ti­cle test val­i­dates per­for­mance and re­li­a­bil­ity and moves the 155mm pro­jec­tile closer to full­rate pro­duc­tion, the com­pany said.


Bharat Elec­tron­ics Limited (BEL) has signed a me­moran­dum of un­der­stand­ing (MoU) with Tex­tron Sys­tems, a Tex­tron Inc com­pany, as a first step to­ward pro­vid­ing the Tex­tron Sys­tems Mi­croOb­server unat­tended ground sen­sor (UGS) sys­tem to In­dian se­cu­rity agencies.

The Mi­croOb­server UGS sys­tem brings a new level of covert­ness, ease of use and per­for­mance for bor­der se­cu­rity, sur­veil­lance and crit­i­cal in­fra­struc­ture pro­tec­tion mis­sions. Tex­tron Sys­tems re­ports that its Mi­croOb­server sys­tem has been fielded around the world in sup­port of these ap­pli­ca­tions.

“We’re look­ing for­ward to work­ing with BEL to bring this crit­i­cal sur­veil­lance sys­tem to In­dian Govern­ment agencies that will ben­e­fit from its wide range of proven ca­pa­bil­i­ties,” ex­plained Ian Walsh, Tex­tron De­fense Sys­tems’ Se­nior Vice Pres­i­dent and Gen­eral Man­ager.

“Bharat Elec­tron­ics Limited ex­pects the ben­e­fits of this sys­tem to fil­ter down to var­i­ous agencies re­spon­si­ble for the man­age­ment of the In­dian borders, thus ful­fill­ing its over­all ob­jec­tive of bring­ing in cut­tingedge tech­nolo­gies to In­dia,” said P.C. Jain, Di­rec­tor (Mar­ket­ing), BEL.

On the oc­ca­sion of SP Guide’s 50th an­niver­sary, many top of­fi­cials from MoD, armed Forces and se­nior exc­u­tives from the de­fence in­dus­try came to wish and con­grat­u­late the com­pany. Amongst them was Ratan N Tata. (Left) SP Guide Pub­li­ca­tions CMD and Edi­tor-in-Chief Jayant Baran­wal wel­com­ing for­mer Chair­man of

Tata Group Ratan Tata to SP’s Booth. (Right) Ratan Tata con­grat­u­lated and of­fered his best wishes on SP’s 50 years cel­e­bra­tion mes­sage board.

De­fence Min­is­ter A.K. Antony in­au­gu­rat­ing De­fexpo 2014 at Pra­gati Maidan, New Delhi, on Fe­bru­ary 6, 2014

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