Global Air De­fence...

SP's LandForces - - FOCUS / INDIA -

...con­tin­ued from page 11 uty De­fence Min­is­ter Yuri Borisov “Work is un­der­way to cre­ate a new fifth-gen­er­a­tion air de­fence sys­tem S-500 which can de­stroy aero­dy­namic and bal­lis­tic tar­gets of all types at all al­ti­tudes used in com­bat.”

The S-400 sys­tems would con­tinue to be sup­plied to the Aero­space De­fence Troops this year. The sys­tem “is about 2-2.5 times bet­ter than ex­ist­ing sys­tems in terms of cost ef­fi­ciency.”S-400 Triumf air de­fence sys­tems were put on com­bat duty in Rus­sia’s South­ern Mil­i­tary District at the end of last year to re­place S-300PM mis­siles. Sup­plies of new air de­fence sys­tems to the 4th Air Force and Air De­fence Com­mand in the District started in 2009. Since then, more than 60 pieces of new mil­i­tary hard­ware have been de­liv­ered and put into op­er­a­tion. The Triumf sys­tem is about two times more effective that pre­vi­ous sys­tems. Each sys­tem can at­tack 10 tar­gets with up to 20 mis­siles. The S-400 uses three dif­fer­ent mis­siles to cover its en­tire per­for­mance en­ve­lope. The Rus­sian Min­istry of De­fence has stated that the S-400 is for the Rus­sian armed forces only; it will not be ex­ported to other coun­tries.

China’s Ca­pa­bil­i­ties

The Peo­ple’s Lib­er­a­tion Army of China has de­vel­oped the KT se­ries of anti bal­lis­tic mis­siles and also have adopted limited anti bal­lis­tic ca­pa­bil­i­ties on the HQ-9, KS se­ries, and HQ-16. China suc­cess­fully tested its exoat­mo­spheric in­ter­cep­tion ca­pa­bil­ity in a test in 2010 and also in a test in 2013, be­ing the sec­ond of two coun­tries able to do so.

Tur­key’s Con­tri­bu­tion

Roket­san of Tur­key was founded on June 14, 1988, to en­able the De­fense In­dus­tries Ex­ec­u­tive Com­mit­tee to meet the rocket and mis­sile re­quire­ments of the Turk­ish armed forces (TSK). Roket­san has the Evolved Sea Spar­row Mis­sile (ESSM) project; trig­ger con­trol sys­tem of Patriot mis­sile and its in­te­gra­tion; low al­ti­tude air de­fence (LAAD) mis­sile project and the medium al­ti­tude air de­fence (MAAD) mis­sile sys­tem project. Un­der an agree­ment con­cluded between ASELSAN and Roket­san, a LAAD mis­sile sys­tem with an in­frared sen­sor head and which can be launched ver­ti­cally is be­ing de­vel­oped against air­borne tar­gets (he­li­copter, com­bat air­craft, UAV etc.) A MAAD mis­sile sys­tem, with in­frared seeker head and ver­ti­cal launch ca­pa­bil­ity against air­borne tar­gets (he­li­copters, fighter air­craft, UAV’s, etc.) is also be­ing de­vel­oped un­der the scope of the con­tract between ASELSAN and Roket­san.

ESSM is a semi-ac­tive, guided mis­sile­fired against guided mis­siles from sea sur­face plat­forms for de­fence pur­poses. The re­quest­ing au­thor­ity in ESSM project is NATO Sea-Spar­row Guided Mis­sile Sys­tem Con­sor­tium. Roket­san cur­rently func­tions in the pro­gramme as the party re­spon­si­ble from the work pack­age con­tain­ing var­i­ous me­chan­i­cal and com­pos­ite parts.

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