Nax­alites ex­ploit­ing tribal com­mu­ni­ties


Sev­eral in­stances of ex­ploita­tion of tribal com­mu­ni­ties by the nax­alites has come to the no­tice of the government. Such in­stances pri­mar­ily in­clude sex­ual ex­ploita­tion in Maoist camps, which have been dis­closed through state­ments of sev­eral sur­ren­dered women CPI (Maoist) cadres of Odisha, Ma­ha­rash­tra, Bi­har, Jhark­hand and other states, said R.P.N. Singh, Min­is­ter of State in the Min­istry of Home Af­fairs, in Par­lia­ment.

He said such in­stances of sex­ual ex­ploita­tion in­clude rape, forced mar­riage and mo­lesta­tion by se­nior male CPI (Maoist) cadres. In Ch­hat­tis­garh, some sur­ren­dered CPI (Maoist) male cadres have dis­closed that they were forced by the se­nior lead­er­ship to un­dergo va­sec­tomy op­er­a­tion as a pre­con­di­tion for mar­riage with women cadres.

Dur­ing an op­er­a­tion launched by the Bor­der Se­cu­rity Force (BSF) in Jan­uary 2012 at a naxal hide­out in Niliguda for­est, P.S. Po­dia, District Malakan­giri, Odisha, a large num­ber of preg­nancy test kits, con­doms, con­tra­cep­tive pills, etc. were re­cov­ered. Such re­cov­er­ies have also been made in other states. There are al­le­ga­tions that women cadres of CPI (Maoist), who be­come preg­nant, are forced to un­dergo abor­tion against their will. The sur­ren­dered women cadres have also dis­closed that even if they are mar­ried to male cadres, they are not al­lowed to give birth to chil­dren since the se­nior lead­er­ship of the CPI (Maoist) feel that it im­pairs their fight­ing ca­pa­bil­ity and mo­bil­ity. Fur­ther, forced re­cruit­ment of chil­dren from fam­i­lies of poor and marginal­ized seg­ments of the so­ci­ety by the Maoists has also come to no­tice.

In or­der to in­still a sense of fear in their ar­eas of dom­i­nance, the nax­als also kill civil­ians af­ter brand­ing them as po­lice in­form­ers. Out of 5811 civil­ians killed by the Maoists since 2001, the over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity are trib­als. The Maoists have in re­al­ity killed thou­sands of in­no­cent Adi­va­sis, whose cause they pro­fess to es­pouse. This tragic re­al­ity is glossed over by the Maoist front or­gan­i­sa­tions and their apol­o­gists in towns and cities who have launched a pro­pa­ganda war against the In­dian state, he stated.

The afore­said prob­lem has to be seen in the over­all con­text of the LWE in­sur­gency. The Cen­tral Government closely mon­i­tors the LWE sit­u­a­tion and sup­ple­ments the ef­forts of the state gov­ern­ments over a wide range of is­sues, both on the se­cu­rity and devel­op­ment fronts. Th­ese mea­sures in­clude de­ploy­ment of Cen­tral Armed Po­lice Forces (CAPFs), help to state gov­ern­ments to­wards ca­pac­ity build­ing of state forces and im­ple­men­ta­tion of a wide range of devel­op­ment schemes in LWE-af­fected states.

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