In­dian Army’s 15-year war­fare ca­pa­bil­ity roadmap


The In­dian Army will see a multi-di­men­sional mod­erni­sa­tion ef­fort go­ing for­ward, with as­set ac­cre­tion giv­ing it wings, ro­tors and un­prece­dented land pres­ence in terms of fresh as­sets on wheels, tracks. The TPCR en­vis­ages that the fu­ture land bat­tle­field will ex­tend be­yond im­me­di­ate ge­o­graph­i­cal space and phys­i­cal do­main with the in­creas­ing abil­ity of the war­ring sides to look deep into each other’s ter­ri­tory. “There shall be near real-time flow of in­for­ma­tion due to ad­vanced in­te­grated sen­sors. Pre­ci­sion fires would en­hance lethal­ity, cause heavy degra­da­tion and pro­vide deep strike ca­pa­bil­ity. The bat­tle would over­lap through multi-spec­tral do­mains, i.e., con­ven­tional, sub-con­ven­tional and non-con­ven­tional. Tech­nol­ogy would be the ma­jor force mul­ti­plier and would drive cyber, space and in­for­ma­tion war­fare and th­ese would be fought in the back­drop of nu­clear en­vi­ron­ment,” says the doc­u­ment.

The ca­pa­bil­i­ties that it will be im­per­a­tive to ac­quire in­clude en­hanced op­er­a­tional ef­fec­tive­ness of ar­moured and mech­a­nised in­fantry fight­ing plat­forms, with em­pha­sis on ma­noeu­vra­bil­ity, lethal­ity, sur­viv­abil­ity and in­for­ma­tion dom­i­nance, the de­vel­op­ment the ca­pac­ity to field a wired and net-con­nected in­fantry sol­dier (F-INSAS is only part of this) in­te­grated with a bat­tle­field man­age­ment sys­tem and equipped with state-of-the-art weapons, the de­vel­op­ment of a com­pre­hen­sive fire­power and fire sup­port sys­tem based on long-range ar­tillery, rock­ets and mis­siles with high lethal­ity, pre­ci­sion and mo­bil­ity, to achieve a high de­gree of trans­parency in the bat­tle­field by means of in­te­grated space­based, air­borne (in­clud­ing UAV mounted),

he­li­borne and sur­face-based sen­sors with high res­o­lu­tion im­agery and real-time flow of in­for­ma­tion at all lev­els, to en­hance night fight­ing ca­pa­bil­ity by pro­vi­sion­ing of state-oft­heart night vi­sion de­vices (a task that suc­ces­sive Army Chiefs have tried to ad­dress, but the gap is so huge, it will be years be­fore all re­quire­ments are met), to move from a net en­abled to a net-cen­tric armed force by in­te­grat­ing space, air and ground plat­forms.

Im­per­a­tive would also be the abil­ity to con­trol cy­berspace while en­sur­ing in­for­ma­tion su­pe­ri­or­ity for own forces. In ad­di­tion to th­ese: to achieve en­hanced sen­sor-to-shooter syn­ergy by in­te­gra­tion of sen­sors with fire­power re­sources at the dis­posal of the force, de­velop an ef­fec­tive air de­fence ca­pa­bil­ity based on mod­ern radar sys­tems, ad­vanced seek­ers and guid­ance-based sur­face-to-air mis­siles, gun sys­tems and am­mu­ni­tion with ad­vanced hit ef­fi­cien­cies, to de­velop a ful­ly­in­te­grated com­bat avi­a­tion fleet based on helicopters to form the aerial ma­noeu­vre com­po­nent of the force, duly sup­ported by re­con­nais­sance and lo­gis­tics aerial plat­forms. The fu­tur­is­tic aerial plat­forms must com­prise ad­vanced avion­ics, state-of-the-art nav­i­ga­tion and weapon sys­tems. The air­craft must have high re­li­a­bil­ity and sur­viv­abil­ity in an elec­tron­i­cally dense en­vi­ron­ment. To en­hance mo­bil­ity of own forces and deny/re­tard the same to the ad­ver­sary. The ca­pa­bil­ity of bridg­ing gaps, both wet and dry, de­vel­op­ment of mine lay­ing and record­ing tech­nolo­gies and coun­ter­ing ad­ver­sary’s ex­plo­sive de­vices would act as force mul­ti­pli­ers, to de­velop a state-of-the-art chem­i­cal, bi­o­log­i­cal, ra­di­o­log­i­cal and nu­clear de­fence and pro­tec­tion ca­pa­bil­ity, the ca­pa­bil­ity to un­der­take pro­tected op­er­a­tions in built up ur­ban/semi-ur­ban, ru­ral ar­eas so as to achieve the mil­i­tary ob­jec­tives with min­i­mum ca­su­al­ties/col­lat­eral dam­age, to at­tain am­phibi­ous ca­pa­bil­i­ties of des­ig­nated forces with fight­ing plat­forms and sup­port ve­hi­cles which will need to tra­verse over river­ine and such like ter­rain, to evolve an ag­ile, re­spon­sive, in­te­grated and cost-ef­fec­tive lo­gis­tics sys­tem through use of mod­ern tech­nol­ogy and man­age­ment prac­tices, in syn­ergy with other ser­vices and the national in­dus­trial base.

The TPCR doc­u­ment also de­tails the roadmap for mis­sile ca­pa­bil­i­ties. Here it talks about joint area mis­sile de­fence in­volv­ing the use of air de­fence as­sets of the three ser­vices in con­junc­tion with the sur­veil­lance sen­sors of other agen­cies to de­tect, track, ac­quire and de­stroy in­com­ing theatre bal­lis­tic and cruise mis­siles. It en­com­passes the seam­less flow of in­for­ma­tion on mis­sile launch by spe­cialised sur­veil­lance ca­pa­bil­i­ties, through track­ing by the weapon sen­sors to mis­sile nega­tion and de­struc­tion.

In terms of generic mis­sile ca­pa­bil­i­ties, the doc­u­ment lays out that the coun­try’s forces will need to have sur­face-to-air strike ca­pa­bil­i­ties com­pris­ing both lon­grange and short-range sur­face-to-air mis­siles with ca­pa­bil­ity to en­gage the low-fly­ing sea skim­ming mis­siles with in­te­grated fire con­trol sys­tems, sur­face-to-sur­face strike ca­pa­bil­i­ties com­pris­ing anti-ship sur­faceto-sur­face mis­siles, and land at­tack cruise mis­siles with fire-and-for­get hom­ing heads, teleme­try sys­tems for mon­i­tor­ing mis­sile flight pa­ram­e­ters are crit­i­cal for op­er­a­tional pre­pared­ness and com­pact, cost-ef­fec­tive, state-of-the-art teleme­try sys­tems would go a long way in en­hanc­ing the com­bat ef­fi­ciency of the armed forces.

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