Home Min­istry 2013 re­view

SP's MAI - - INTERNAL SECURITY -

Dur­ing the year 2013, the Min­istry of Home Af­fairs (MHA) dealt with the chal­lenges of se­cu­rity, law and or­der, dis­as­ter man­age­ment, po­lice mod­erni­sa­tion and bor­der man­age­ment among other is­sues. Im­por­tant con­sul­ta­tion meet­ings with the Chief Min­is­ters, DGPs of States/UTs on law and or­der and nax­al­i­ties man­age­ment were also held. The Crim­i­nal Law (Amend­ment) Act, 2013, launch of Crime and Crim­i­nal Track­ing Net­work & Sys­tems (CCTNS), Strength­en­ing of Un­law­ful Ac­tiv­i­ties (Preven­tion) Act, 1967 were other high­lights dur­ing the year.

Strength­en­ing of Un­law­ful Ac­tiv­i­ties (Preven­tion) Act, 1967

The Un­law­ful Ac­tiv­i­ties (Preven­tion) Amend­ment Act, 2012 as passed by the Par­lia­ment has come into force from Fe­bru­ary 1, 2013. The Act en­larges the am­bit of the “Ter­ror­ist Act” by in­cor­po­rat­ing threats/dan­gers to the eco­nomic se­cu­rity of the coun­try and the mon­e­tary sta­bil­ity of In­dia by way of pro­duc­tion, smug­gling or cir­cu­la­tion of high qual­ity counterfeit In­dian paper cur­rency. The law in­creases the pe­riod of dec­la­ra­tion of an as­so­ci­a­tion as un­law­ful from two years to five years, crim­i­nalises high qual­ity coun­ter­feit­ing and in­cludes within its scope of­fences by com­pa­nies, so­ci­eties or trusts and pro­vides for pun­ish­ment to them.

The Crim­i­nal Law (Amend­ment) Act, 2013

A com­mit­tee headed by Jus­tice J.S. Verma, for­mer Chief Jus­tice of Supreme Court, was set up on De­cem­ber 23, 2012, to give rec­om­men­da­tions on amend­ing laws to pro­vide for speedy jus­tice and en­hanced pun­ish­ment for crim­i­nals in sex­ual as­sault cases. The Jus­tice Verma Com­mit­tee in its re­port sub­mit­ted on Jan­uary 23, 2013, agreed to most of the pro­vi­sions of the Crim­i­nal Law (Amend­ment) Bill, 2012. Govern­ment wanted to amend crim­i­nal laws af­fect­ing women im­me­di­ately and since the Par­lia­ment was not in ses­sion, the Crim­i­nal Law (Amend­ment) Or­di­nance, 2013 was pro­mul­gated on Fe­bru­ary 3, 2013. In the Bud­get Ses­sion, the Crim­i­nal Law (Amend­ment) Bill, 2013 was passed by the Lok Sabha on March 19, 2013, and by the Ra­jya Sabha on March 21, 2013. The Pres­i­dent of In­dia has ac­corded his as­sent to the Bill on April 2, 2013.

Sub­stan­tive amend­ments in IPC, Cr.P.C and In­dian Ev­i­dence Act have been made to ef­fec­tively deal with the crime against women. Sen­tence of death has been pro­vided as pun­ish­ment in case of rape fol­lowed by death or veg­e­ta­tive state of the vic­tim. For the first time acid at­tack, hu­man traf­fick­ing, voyeurism, stalk­ing etc. have been in­cluded as a spe­cific of­fence and se­vere pun­ish­ment has been pre­scribed. Non-treat­ment of vic­tims of rape and acid at­tack by the hos­pi­tals (Govern­ment/Pri­vate) has been made pun­ish­able. The po­lice has been made ac­count­able and dis­obey­ing of any direc­tions of law (like not record­ing of FIR) has been made pun­ish­able. Ad­e­quate pro­vi­sions have been made to pro­tect the women vic­tim from ha­rass­ment and hu­mil­i­a­tion dur­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tion and trial.

In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity

Ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties in the hin­ter­land con­tinue to re­main a threat. There have been three in­ci­dents of bomb blasts: first in Hy­der­abad in which 17 per­sons died, the sec­ond in Ben­galuru in which there was no ca­su­alty and the third in Bodh Gaya in which no ca­su­alty was re­ported. The MHA has agreed to the re­quest of the Bi­har Govern­ment for hand­ing over the se­cu­rity of Bodh Gaya Com­plex to CISF. In some of these in­ci­dents, the In­ves­ti­gat­ing Agen­cies have been able to iden­tify and ar­rest the per­sons re­spon­si­ble and in other cases the in­ves­ti­ga­tions are on. The Govern­ment is com­mit­ted for safety and se­cu­rity of its cit­i­zens and in this re­gard the ar­rest of Yasin Bhatkal, Tunda, Haddi and solv­ing of re­cent blasts cases proves this re­solve.

Mod­erni­sa­tion of State Po­lice Forces

The Scheme for Mod­erni­sa­tion of State Po­lice Forces (MPF Scheme) has been ex­tended for a fur­ther pe­riod of five years with ef­fect from the fi­nan­cial year 2012-13 to 2016-17, with fund­ing partly un­der non-plan and partly un­der plan. The items re­quired by the State Po­lice un­der mo­bil­ity, weapons, equip­ment, train­ing equip­ment, foren­sic equip­ment are funded un­der non-plan. The con­struc­tion/upgra­da­tion of po­lice sta­tions/out­posts, po­lice lines, po­lice hous­ing, foren­sic science lab­o­ra­to­ries and train­ing in­fra­struc­ture, con­struc­tion of build­ings are funded un­der plan bud­get.

Un­der the scheme, an al­lo­ca­tion of ` 8,195.53 crore has been ap­proved un­der non-plan and ` 3,750.87 crore un­der plan dur­ing the Twelfth Five Year Plan pe­riod (2012-17). In the cur­rent year, out­lay for MPF Scheme is ` 750 crore un­der non-plan and ` 1,097 crore un­der plan. Mega City Polic­ing in six cities namely, Ahmed­abad, Mum­bai, Chen­nai, Hy­der­abad, Kolkata and Ben­galuru has been ap­proved as a sub-set un­der non-plan com­po­nent of MPF Scheme.

Crime and Crim­i­nal Track­ing Net­work & Sys­tems

Crime and Crim­i­nal Track­ing Net­work & Sys­tems (CCTNS), Mis­sion Mode Scheme was ap­proved in 2009 with a pro­vi­sion of ` 2,000 crore as a 100 per cent cen­trally-spon­sored scheme to be im­ple­mented dur­ing 2009-12. This has now been ex­tended up to March 31, 2015. A pilot launch of CCTNS was launched on Jan­uary 4, 2013, which ear­marked con­nec­tiv­ity of nearly 2000 CCTNS lo­ca­tions in 25 States/Union Ter­ri­to­ries. The im­ple­men­ta­tion of the project has picked up and con­tracts with Sys­tem In­te­gra­tors have been signed in dif­fer­ent States/Union Ter­ri­to­ries.

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