Home­land se­cu­rity spend in­creases in In­dia


The bud­getary al­lo­ca­tion for the Min­istry of Home Af­fairs (MHA) for the year 2013-14 was just un­der $11 bil­lion and is ex­pected to near the $20 bil­lion mark by 2017-18. Of course only a part of that con­trib­utes to the over­all home­land se­cu­rity (HS) mar­ket in In­dia.

Nev­er­the­less, ac­cord­ing to es­ti­mates the In­dian in­ter­nal se­cu­rity in­dus­try is also slated to be worth at least 20 bil­lion US dol­lars by 2018 with the cen­tral govern­ment ac­count­ing for a third of this spend. Even be­yond the Min­istry of Home Af­fairs (MHA) and its move to up­grade cen­tral para­mil­i­tary force ca­pa­bil­i­ties, it is clear that Po­lice de­part­ments in In­dia too are no longer be­ing equipped with only hand me downs from the Min­istry of De­fence (MOD) and the MHA. While the Cen­tre would want state gov­ern­ments to do more with re­spect to mod­ernising po­lice sys­tems un­der their purview (Po­lice af­ter all is a state sub­ject in In­dia) at the very least the uti­liza­tion of funds un­der the Cen­tre’s mod­erni­sa­tion of po­lice forces (MPF) scheme is on the rise across In­dian prov­inces.

The HS mar­ket in In­dia can be the­mat­i­cally bro­ken up into the fol­low­ing broad seg­ments con­sid­er­ing the sources of de­mand as it were ter­ror­ism pre­ven­tion and man­age­ment, crit­i­cal in­fra­struc­ture pro­tec­tion, border se­cu­rity, mar­itime se­cu­rity, po­lice mod­erni­sa­tion, city sur­veil­lance, in­tel­li­gence and cy­ber­se­cu­rity.

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