Druzbha-Dosti Strength­en­ing Friend­ship

The Joint State­ment (Druzhba-Dosti) is­sued dur­ing the visit of Pres­i­dent Putin for the Sum­mit was in the back­drop of Prime Min­is­ter Modi re­as­sur­ing Pres­i­dent Putin that Rus­sia will stay In­dia’s top de­fence part­ner.

SP's MAI - - FRONT PAGE - LT GEN­ERAL P.C. KA­TOCH (RETD)

Talk­ing to the In­dian me­dia be­fore his re­cent visit to In­dia, Pres­i­dent Vladimir Putin re­mem­bered his pre­vi­ous vis­its to In­dia par­tic­u­larly in Oc­to­ber 2000 when both coun­tries signed the Dec­la­ra­tion on Strate­gic Part­ner­ship. He men­tioned his meet­ings with Prime Min­is­ter Modi in Brazil and Aus­tralia and felt con­fi­dent to fur­ther de­velop the bi­lat­eral re­la­tion­ship with se­ri­ous prepara­tory work done dur­ing past ses­sions of the In­ter-Gov­ern­men­tal Com­mis- sion on Trade, Eco­nomic, Sci­en­tific, Tech­no­log­i­cal and Cul­tural Co­op­er­a­tion and the Indo-Rus­sian Fo­rum on Trade and In­vest­ment held on Novem­ber 5, 2014, at New Delhi; joint projects for con­struc­tion of nu­clear power plants, pro­mot­ing Rus­sian Sukhoi Su­per­jet-100 and MS-21 air­craft, in­tro­duc­tion of GLONASS sys­tem in In­dian eco­nomic sec­tor and Rus­sian pri­or­i­ties to build butyl rub­ber plant, he­li­copter man­u­fac­tur­ing, cre­at­ing smart ci­ties, as­sem­bling in­dus­trial trac­tors, etc. He stressed

im­por­tance of mil­i­tary, tech­ni­cal and nu­clear en­ergy co­op­er­a­tion, adding that the 20-year agree­ment be­tween Gazprom Group and In­dia’s GAIL caters for 2.5 mil­lion tonnes nat­u­ral gas ev­ery year com­menc­ing 2017. He pointed out that Ku­danku­lam is the world’s only plant which meets all the post-Fukushima safety re­quire­ments. He em­pha­sised pos­si­bil­i­ties in the de­vel­op­ment of high-tech­nol­ogy ar­eas of co­op­er­a­tion, namely nu­clear en­ergy, mil­i­tary and tech­ni­cal co­op­er­a­tion, space re­search, air­craft and au­to­mo­bile pro­duc­tion, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals in­dus­try, chem­i­cal in­dus­try, in­for­ma­tion tech­nolo­gies and nan­otech­nolo­gies.

Pres­i­dent Putin’s visit to In­dia was the sixth as Rus­sian Pres­i­dent, this time to at­tend the 15th An­nual In­dia-Rus­sian Sum­mit. His meet­ing and dis­cus­sions with Prime Min­is­ter Modi and oth­ers were on wide-rang­ing is­sues in cor­dial and friendly en­vi­ron­ment. The An­nual In­dia-Rus­sia Sum­mits are at the apex of an elab­o­rate mul­ti­lay­ered mech­a­nism for bi­lat­eral in­ter­ac­tion, one of the largest In­dia had with any other coun­try in the world. The other key in­sti­tu­tional mech­a­nism for high-level di­a­logue be­tween the two coun­tries are an In­ter­gov­ern­men­tal Com­mis­sion on Mil­i­tary Tech­ni­cal Co­op­er­a­tion, co-chaired by the two De­fence Min­is­ters; and an In­ter­gov­ern­men­tal Com­mis­sion on Trade, Eco­nomic, Sci­en­tific, Tech­no­log­i­cal and Cul­tural Co­op­er­a­tion, the other one be­ing In­dia-Rus­sia Trade & In­vest­ment Fo­rum.

The Joint State­ment (Druzhba-Dosti) is­sued dur­ing visit of Pres­i­dent Putin for the Sum­mit was in the back­drop of Prime Min­is­ter Modi re­as­sur­ing Pres­i­dent Putin that Rus­sia will stay In­dia’s top de­fence part­ner. The main is­sues high­lighted in the Joint State­ment com­prised: En­ergy—bi­lat­eral co­op­er­a­tion in the field of en­ergy, in­clud­ing oil and gas, elec­tric power pro­duc­tion, nu­clear en­ergy, re­new­able en­ergy sources, and en­ergy ef­fi­ciency. In­dian com­pa­nies to par­tic­i­pate in projects re­lated to oil and gas in Rus­sia. Joint study to ex­am­ine pos­si­bil­ity of Rus­sia-In­dia hy­dro­car­bon pipe­line sys­tem and par­tic­i­pa­tion in petro­chem­i­cal projects in each other’s coun­try and in third coun­tries. Co­op­er­a­tion in nu­clear en­ergy for se­rial con­struc­tion of nu­clear power units us­ing Rus­sian de­sign and ex­pand co­op­er­a­tion in sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy, in­dus­try, lo­cal­i­sa­tion of equip­ment and spares, ura­nium min­ing, fab­ri­ca­tion and sup­ply of nu­clear fuel, man­age­ment of spent fuel and in other as­pects of the nu­clear fuel cy­cle.

To­wards this ob­jec­tive, the In­dian side agreed to ex­pe­di­tiously iden­tify a sec­ond site, En­ergy ef­fi­ciency agen­cies of both sides to en­gage more closely to ex­change ex­pe­ri­ences and best prac­tices in­clud­ing de­vel­op­ment and ef­fi­cient use of re­new­able en­ergy; Tech­nol­ogy and In­no­va­tion—de­vel­op­ing knowl­edge-econ­omy pow­ered by tech­nol­ogy and in­no­va­tion by in­creas­ing col­lab­o­ra­tion in joint de­sign, de­vel­op­ment, man­u­fac­tur­ing and mar­ket­ing of tech­nol­o­gy­driven prod­ucts and sci­en­tific in­ter­ac­tion in par­tic­u­lar space ap­pli­ca­tions, de­fence tech­nolo­gies, avi­a­tion, new ma­te­ri­als, com­mu­ni­ca­tions and in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy. In 2015, com­mem­o­rate 40 years of the launch of In­dian satel­lite Aryab­hata us­ing Soyuz launch ve­hi­cle. Ex­pand de­fence co­op­er­a­tion in­creas­ingly based on joint R&D, joint man­u­fac­tur­ing, tech­nol­ogy shar­ing and col­lab­o­ra­tive re­search in fu­tur­is­tic tech­nolo­gies, in ac­cor­dance with ex­ist­ing agree­ments on mil­i­tary-tech­ni­cal co­op­er­a­tion. En­rich bi­lat­eral in­ter­ac­tion through reg­u­lar joint mil­i­tary ex­er­cises, train­ing in each other’s ser­vices in­sti­tu­tions and in­sti­tu­tion­alised con­sul­ta­tions be­tween armed forces.

In­ten­sify bi­lat­eral sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­ter­ac­tion to in­creas­ingly fo­cus on in­no­va­tive, high-tech­nol­ogy sec­tors and their com­mer­cial ap­pli­ca­tions, support mech­a­nisms and col­lab­o­ra­tion to in­clude ar­eas like en­vi­ron­men­tal sci­ence, power sec­tor (in­clud­ing al­ter­na­tive sources of en­ergy), en­ergy ef­fi­ciency and en­ergy se­cu­rity, in­for­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies, nan­otech­nol­ogy and new ma­te­ri­als, en­gi­neer sci­ence, bio-en­ergy, nano-biotech­nol­ogy, bio-equip­ment and af­ford­able di­ag­nos­ing equip­ment for health care and agri­cul­ture. Co­op­er­a­tive ac­tiv­i­ties to ad­dress Arc­tic is­sues by the Arc­tic Coun­cil, given that Rus­sia is a mem­ber and In­dia has joined as an ob­server in May 2013. En­hance co­op­er­a­tion in rare earth min­er­als’ min­ing, tech­nol­ogy de­vel­op­ment and re­search; Eco­nomic En­gage­ment—Pro­mote bi­lat­eral eco­nomic, trade and in­vest­ment co­op­er­a­tion to con­trib­ute to the en­hanced role of emerg­ing mar­kets in the world econ­omy and to foster sus­tain­able, bal­anced and in­clu­sive global growth. Rus­sian com­pa­nies to utilise the op­por­tu­ni­ties in a wide range of In­dian sec­tors and Make in In­dia. En­cour­age pay­ments in na­tional cur­ren­cies for bi­lat­eral trade. Joint Study Group to ex­plore the fea­si­bil­ity of a com­pre­hen­sive eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion agree­ment cov­er­ing trade in goods, ser­vices, in­vest­ment co­op­er­a­tion, move­ment of nat­u­ral per­sons and mu­tual recog­ni­tion of stan­dards, is of great im­por­tance for bi­lat­eral eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion.

Pro­mot­ing Rus­sian in­vest­ments in In­dia in ma­jor in­fra­struc­ture projects like DMIC, smart ci­ties and freight cor­ri­dors, as well as in broader sec­tors like tele­com, power and roads. In Rus­sia, In­dian par­tic­i­pa­tion in in­dus­trial parks and tech­nol­ogy plat­forms, in sec­tors like phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, fer­tilis­ers, coal and en­ergy will be en­cour­aged. Di­rect in­vest­ment fund of $2 bil­lion be­tween Ros­nano and suit­able In­dian in­vest­ment part­ners for im­ple­men­ta­tion of high-tech projects. Agree­ment to fi­nalise shortly a pro­to­col on a Green Cor­ri­dor project. Pro­mote strength­en­ing of bi­lat­eral in­ter-re­gional co­op­er­a­tion. En­cour­age fur­ther link­ages be­tween other re­gions and ci­ties of the two coun­tries with a view to en­hance trade and in­vest­ment, tourism, cul­tural and peo­ple-to-peo­ple con­tacts. En­hance bi­lat­eral trade set­ting tar­get of $30 bil­lion by the year 2025. It is ex­pected that the level of mu­tual in­vest­ments by then will be over $15 bil­lion each way; Global Or­der and World Peace – co­op­er­a­tion to pro­mote a poly­cen­tric and demo­cratic world or­der based on shared in­ter­ests of all coun­tries.

Co­op­er­a­tion in democrati­sa­tion of global po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic, fi­nan­cial and so­cial in­sti­tu­tions, and jointly op­pos­ing eco­nomic sanc­tions that do not have the ap­proval of UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil. Co­op­er­a­tion for UNSC ex­pan­sion re­flect­ing con­tem­po­rary re­al­i­ties and ef­fec­tively deal­ing with emerg­ing chal­lenges. Con­sult and co­or­di­nate with each other in mul­ti­lat­eral fora such as G-20, EAS, BRICS and RIC with Rus­sia look­ing for­ward In­dia be­com­ing full SCO mem­ber. Both sides support open, bal­anced and in­clu­sive se­cu­rity ar­chi­tec­ture in the Asia-Pa­cific re­gion based on col­lec­tive ef­forts, con­sid­er­ing le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests of all states and in ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional law. Agree­ment that threat to all hu­man­ity posed by ter­ror­ism jus­ti­fies a col­lab­o­ra­tive ap­proach, in ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional law and the Char­ter of the United Na­tions, putting aside dif­fer­ences and ten­sions be­tween coun­tries and re­gions in other po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic ar­eas – agreed to work to­gether for the adop­tion of the Com­pre­hen­sive Con­ven­tion on In­ter­na­tional Ter­ror­ism by the 70th An­niver­sary Sum­mit of the UN. Wel­comed peace­ful tran­si­tion of po­lit­i­cal au­thor­ity in Afghanistan and called upon the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to join ef­forts to support re­con­struc­tion and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment in that coun­try and to con­tinue ca­pac­ity build­ing of its na­tional se­cu­rity forces. Co­op­er­a­tion in pre­vent­ing pro­lif­er­a­tion of weapons of mass de­struc­tion.

Rus­sia con­firmed its support to In­dia for full mem­ber­ship in the Nu­clear Sup­pli­ers Group, of MTCR and Wasse­naar Ar­range­ment. Co­op­er­a­tion for peace­ful use of outer space; peo­ple-to-peo­ple ties— pro­mote and support cul­tural ex­changes through an­nual fes­ti­vals of cul­ture, ex­changes be­tween cul­tural in­sti­tu­tions, think tanks, tourism pro­mo­tion events and other ini­tia­tives. Strengthen ed­u­ca­tion ties in­clud­ing part­ner­ships be­tween univer­si­ties and early con­clu­sion of agree­ments on mu­tual recog­ni­tion of ed­u­ca­tion, qual­i­fi­ca­tion and de­grees. En­hance sport co­op­er­a­tion through ex­changes be­tween

sports fed­er­a­tions, sci­en­tific and re­search in­sti­tu­tions, pro­mote phys­i­cal train­ing and sports and di­rect con­tacts be­tween or­gan­i­sa­tions of the two coun­tries in­clud­ing co­op­er­a­tion to pro­mote Yoga and Ayurveda; Bi­lat­eral Per­spec­tives—dis­cus­sions and bi­lat­eral di­a­logue have given the lead­ers the con­fi­dence that ob­jec­tive po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic, se­cu­rity and cul­tural fac­tors will pro­pel In­dia-Rus­sia part­ner­ship to a level that meets the as­pi­ra­tions of their peo­ple.

Pres­i­dent Putin’s visit has given a boost to Indo-Rus­sian ties. Reuters re­ports among other things that Rosatom will build 12 nu­clear re­ac­tors in In­dia, oil ma­jor Ros­neft signed a 10-year crude sup­ply deal with Es­sar Oil and In­dia agreed to as­sem­ble 400 Rus­sian multi-role he­li­copters a year. While the sign­ing the ‘vi­sion’ doc­u­ment set­ting out a road map for co­op­er­a­tion in the sphere of nu­clear power, Putin said Rus­sia could even­tu­ally sup­ply In­dia with 20 nu­clear re­ac­tors. In­dian of­fi­cials said a to­tal of six re­ac­tors will be built at Ku­danku­lam and a fur­ther six will follow at a site to be de­ter­mined. Other strate­gic deals cov­ered oil sup­ply, in­fra­struc­ture and an in­crease in di­rect di­a­mond sales to In­dia by Rus­sian state mo­nop­oly Al­rosa. A $1 bil­lion joint ven­ture to support hy­dro-elec­tric power projects in In­dia has also been agreed. Ear­lier in March 2014, In­dia had con­cluded a con­tract with Rosoboronex­port of Rus­sia for pro­cure­ment of 42,000 rounds of fully formed AMK 339 tank am­mu­ni­tion. Be­sides this, the Ord­nance Fac­tory Board, Kolkata has en­tered into ‘trans­fer of tech­nol­ogy’ con­tract with the same Rus­sian company for in­dige­nous man­u­fac­ture of AMK 339 tanks rounds.

The US was quick to crit­i­cise by say­ing that this was not the time to do ‘business as usual’ be­cause of Rus­sia’s ag­gres­sive­ness in Ukraine. This was only ex­pected after the de­lib­er­ate snub given to Pres­i­dent Putin dur­ing the G-20 Sum­mit in Aus­tralia by US and its al­lies. As re­gards crit­i­cis­ing In­dia for ‘business as usual’, the US needs to look at its own record for con­tin­u­ing to do much more than business as usual with a coun­try like Pak­istan that has been spon­sor­ing ter­ror­ism in In­dia and Afghanistan for over past three decades, and even ig­nor­ing bla­tant nu­clear pro­lif­er­a­tion of that coun­try. For In­dia, Rus­sia has al­ways been a re­li­able strate­gic part­ner al­beit and how can we for­get the ac­tions by the Rus­sian Navy dur­ing 1971 while the US po­si­tioned USS En­ter­prise in the Bay of Ben­gal and wanted to en­ter the Ara­bian Sea as well but the ar­rival of Rus­sian sub­marines forced the is­sue. Yes there have been hic­cups in Indo-Rus­sian re­la­tions in re­cent years; costs and time de­lays, Rus­sia crit­i­cal of In­dia go­ing for the Rafael and Apaches, In­dia crit­i­cal of Mi-35s to Pak­istan and the like. But then, hic­cups in bi­lat­eral re­la­tion­ships are glob­ally across the board. Me­dia is also rais­ing ques­tion marks on the fu­ture of two ma­jor Indo-Rus­sian pacts – multi-role trans­port air­craft agree­ment signed in Novem­ber 2007 and fifth-gen­er­a­tion fighter air­craft signed in Oc­to­ber 2007. There is no rea­son to be­lieve that th­ese projects will not come through be­sides Rus­sia is also a level player in the de­fence sec­tor of In­dia which is open un­der Prime Min­is­ter Modi’s call of Make in In­dia and re­lax­ation of FDI limit re­laxed to 49 per cent, and even beyond 49 per cent for se­lec­tive projects. The Brah­Mos su­per­sonic cruise mis­sile is the best of its kind in the world and hall­mark of Indo-Rus­sian joint ven­tures. In any event, the Indo-Rus­sian strate­gic part­ner­ship is im­por­tant to both coun­tries and should be ex­pected to grow speed­ily.

Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi and the Pres­i­dent of the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion, Vladimir Putin at the joint press con­fer­ence

in New Delhi on De­cem­ber 11, 2014

The Brah­Mos su­per­sonic cruise mis­sile is the best of its kind in the world and hall­mark of Indo-Rus­sian joint ven­tures

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