Sub­marines

SP's NavalForces - - LEAD STORY -

China is rapidly re­plac­ing its ob­so­lete sub­ma­rine force with a mod­ern one on pri­or­ity as it vi­su­alises its sub­ma­rine force as a crit­i­cal el­e­ment of re­gional de­ter­rence, par­tic­u­larly when con­duct­ing counter-in­ter­ven­tion against mod­ern ad­ver­saries.

Lat­est Ac­qui­si­tions. China, since the mid-1990s, has ac­quired 12 Rus­sian-made Kilo class non-nu­clear-pow­ered at­tack sub­marines (sss) and four new classes of in­dige­nously built sub­marines which in­clude a new nu­clear-pow­ered bal­lis­tic mis­sile sub­ma­rine (ssbn) de­sign called the Jin class (type 094); a new nu­clear-pow­ered at­tack sub­ma­rine (ssn) de­sign called the shang class (type 093); a new ss de­sign called the yuan class (type 039a); and ss de­sign called the song class (type 039/039g). us be­lieves that the type 093 ssn de­sign will be suc­ceeded by a newer ssn de­sign called the type 095 which might pro­vide China with a more clan­des­tine, land-at­tack op­tion. it was also re­ported by Oni that an im­proved version of shang class ssns will re­place six of the ag­ing han class ssn. Chi­nese nu­clear- and non-nu­cle­ar­pow­ered sub­marines are rel­a­tively acous­ti­cally qui­eter than sim­i­lar Rus­sian sub­marines. China is also hav­ing a new joint-de­sign and pro­duc­tion pro­gramme with Rus­sia for diesel-elec­tric sub­marines based on the Rus­sian Peters­burg/lada class.

Arm­ing the Sub­marines. Chi­naÕs sub­marines are armed with one or more of asCMs, wire-guided and wake-hom­ing tor­pe­does and mines. eight of the 12 Ki­los pur­chased from Rus­sia are armed with the lethal Rus­sian-made ssn-27 siz­zler ASCM. in ad­di­tion to other weapons, shang class ssns may carry LACMs. al­though ASCMs are a key threat but wake-hom­ing tor­pe­does are also a con­cern be­cause they can be very dif­fi­cult for sur­face ships to counter. Chi­naÕs age­ing Ming class (type 035) sub­marines may be used as or as a de­coy.

Sub­ma­rine Force Level. by the end of 2012, China was ex­pected to have a to­tal of 40 in­dige­nous rel­a­tively mod­ern at­tack sub­marines. this was apart from the ac­qui­si­tion of 12 Ki­los from Rus­sia. bas­ing on the cur­rent rate of growth, Oni es­ti­mates that by 2020, China will have a force of 74 sub­marines which will in­clude 11 with nu­clear-power. Some es­ti­mate that this fig­ure may go up to 80.

PHO­TO­GRAPHS: US Navy

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