Fri­gates – The Multi-tasker of a Mod­ern Navy

The role of a mod­ern frigate is to pro­tect other ships of the fleet, mer­chant marine ships, am­phibi­ous ex­pe­di­tionary forces and so on from threats em­a­nat­ing from the sea, spe­cially from sub­marines. It is thus ac­cord­ingly fit­ted with a va­ri­ety of sen­sors a

SP's NavalForces - - FRONT PAGE - Lt Gen­eral Naresh Chand (Retd)

The role of a mod­ern frigate is to pro­tect other ships of the fleet, mer­chant marine ships, am­phibi­ous ex­pe­di­tionary forces and so on, from threats em­a­nat­ing from the sea, spe­cially from sub­marines. It is thus ac­cord­ingly fit­ted with a va­ri­ety of sen­sors and weapons. Mod­ern fri­gates also have stealth fea­tures.

as per open soUrces, the In­dian navy has 14 fri­gates which in­clude three of shiva­lik class, six of Tal­war class, three of Brahma­pu­tra class and two of Go­davari class. Ins shiva­lik is part of project 17. It is multi-role frigate which has rus­sian naval radars, multi-pur­pose air and sur­face­search naval radar sys­tems of elta, hull­mounted sonar ar­ray of BeL, towed ar­ray sys­tems of aTas/Thales sin­tra and BeL’s ajanta elec­tronic war­fare suite. It has a mix of air de­fence mis­siles Barak, shtil-1 medium-range mis­siles, anti-ship/land-at­tack mis­siles like Klub, anti-ship cruise mis­siles/ BrahMos, apart from guns, anti-sub­ma­rine war­fare tor­pe­does and rocket launcher. It also has two he­li­copters on board. The suc­ces­sor of project 17 is project 17a in which seven ships are to be built at the Mazagon Dock and the Gar­den reach ship­builders & en­gi­neers Ltd from 2017 on­wards.

Rus­sian Project 11356 Class

UsnI news and rus­sian me­dia has re­ported that In­dia and rus­sia have agreed to a con­tract for the ac­qui­si­tion of three fri­gates of rus­sian project 11356 class (west­ern clas­si­fi­ca­tion is Ad­mi­ral Grig­orovich class frigate) which was orig­i­nally meant for the rus­sian Black sea fleet. project 11356 class has been by de­signed by the sev­er­noye De­sign Bureau and re­ported to be the im­proved mod­els of the Tal­war class ex­port fri­gates. The first ship of the class, Ad­mi­ral Grig­orovich, had joined the rus­sian navy’s Black sea sev­astopol base in early March and was the first new ship to en­ter the fleet since the end of cold War. This ap­pears to con­firm that the Rus­sian Navy has de­cided to aban­don plans to add six to nine project 11356 class fri­gates out of which three are al­ready in­ducted/be­ing in­ducted into the Black sea fleet. The main rea­son ap­pears for rus­sia to ex­port these fri­gates to In­dia is that these ships were de­signed to have propul­sion sys­tem M90fr gas tur­bines which were de­signed and built by Zo­ryaMash­proekt in Ukraine, who have been the main sup­pli­ers of marine en­gines to rus- sia since the soviet days. all co­op­er­a­tion and con­tracts have been can­celled be­tween rus­sia and Ukraine due to break down of re­la­tions be­tween them. rus­sia had al­ready ac­quired the first three en­gines of Ukraine ori­gin. rus­sia has awarded a con­tract to its aero en­gine man­u­fac­turer npo sat­urn but it is un­likely that the en­gines will be ready be­fore 2019. In­dia has a choice of di­rectly ac­quir­ing the en­gines from Ukraine and fit them in In­dia. At present two ships are ready less the propul­sion sys­tem and the third one is un­der con­struc­tion.

In­dia is also con­sid­er­ing trans­port­ing the hulls of the fri­gates from the Yan­tar ship­yards in Kalin­ingrad oblast to In­dia for their com­ple­tion and the in­stal­la­tion of en­gines. The con­tract also in­cludes 12 sets of spares, tools and ac­ces­sories. rus­sians have named the ships ad­mi­ral Bu­takov, ad­mi­ral Is­tomin and ad­mi­ral Kornilov, but the In­dian navy will give them In­dian names. The ships are 4,000-tonne multi-mis­sion fri­gates. In­dia has a choice of us­ing rus­sian sen­sors and weapons or se­lect them as per the op­er­a­tional re­quire­ment and cost fac­tors. The fri­gates are armed with the rus­sian Kal­i­bir nK long-range land at­tack cruise mis­sile apart from other weapons. This mis­sile was first used in 2015 from rus­sian navy ships in the caspian sea to strike tar­gets in syria. It will also be armed with In­dian BrahMos cruise mis­siles.

This con­tract is a win-win sit­u­a­tion for In­dia and rus­sia. rus­sia can re­al­lo­cate the funds saved and gen­er­ated from sale for con­struc­tion of other ships to ful­fill their plans to ex­pand rus­sian navy to its old glory by 2030. In­dia can fast for­ward the ac­qui­si­tion of fri­gates planned un­der project 17a. It will also pro­vide a learn­ing curve for In­dia’s ship­yards and in­di­rectly con­trib­ute to ‘Make in In­dia’ vi­sion of prime Min­is­ter naren­dra Modi.

PHO­TO­GRAPHS: In­dian Navy, yan­tar.ru

INS Sahyadri

(Top) Ad­mi­ral Grig­orovich class frigate; (above) INS Trikand stealth frigate

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