Mod­erni­sa­tion of Indian Naval Avi­a­tion

The vi­sion state­ment of the Indian navy en­vis­ages it­self as the mar­itime power for na­tional pros­per­ity in the form of multi-di­men­sional, multi-spec­trum and net­worked force

SP's NavalForces - - FRONT PAGE - REAR AD­MI­RAL SUSHIL RAM­SAY (RETD)

THE INDIAN NAVY WEB­SITE in its pre­am­ble on Indian naval avi­a­tion enun­ci­ates, Cur­rent projects, rang­ing from ac­qui­si­tion of an air­craft car­rier to fit­ment of the most mod­ern and sta­teof-the-art equip­ment on­board aerial plat­forms, are in con­so­nance with the en­vis­aged growth of the navy and the chal­lenges that it must face in the fu­ture. Indian naval avi­a­tion is set to pro­pel it­self into the ma­jor league of to­mor­row s navies. The vi­sion state­ment of the Indian navy en­vis­ages it­self as the mar­itime power for na­tional pros­per­ity, in the form of multi-di­men­sional, multi-spec­trum and net­worked force. viewed in this per­spec­tive the mod­erni­sa­tion of Indian naval avi­a­tion as­sumes greater sig­nif­i­cance and rel­e­vance.

Fixed-wing Air­craft

Car­rier-borne Multi-role Fight­ers The induction of shorts sealand, light am­phibi­ous air­craft in 1953, marked the birth of Indian naval avi­a­tion. seven years later with the com­mis­sion­ing of Ins Vikrant, the first air­craft car­rier in the whole of asian re­gion, hawker sea­hawk was in­ducted in 1960 as the fighter plane to op­er­ate from her deck. soon there­after anti-sub­ma­rine and elec­tronic sur­veil­lance air­craft breguet al­ize fol­lowed suit to com­plete the fixed-wing com­po­nent of the air wing of vikrant.

sev­eral decades later and with the im­pend­ing de-com­mis­sion­ing of sea­hawk, white Tigers, a re­place­ment of a multi-role car­rier-borne fighter air­craft was found in hawker, sea har­ri­ers, FRs 51 in 1983. This ver­sa­tile air­craft of Falk­land war fame served as a shin­ing star of the Indian naval Avi­a­tion, ful­fill­ing all op­er­a­tional com­mit­ments, per­form­ing bril­liantly dur­ing joint ex­er­cises at all lev­els, earn­ing ku­dos un­til its re­tire­ment in 2016.

with the ac­qui­si­tion of Ins vikra­ma­ditya, a hunt be­gan to iden­tify a mod­ern air­craft to be the back­bone of the air wing of the car­rier. Fourth-gen­er­a­tion Mikoyan, MiG-29K, multi-role fighter was se­lected and af­ter suit­able re­fur­bish­ment is now the cen­tre­piece of the Indian naval avi­a­tion. nomen­cla­ture wise this air­craft could be likened to Indian air Force s MiG-29M, how­ever, there were sub­stan­tial mod­i­fi­ca­tions and changes in­cor­po­rated to make the air­craft wor­thy of car­rier-borne opera-

PHO­TO­GRAPH: Boe­ing

Indian Navy’s P-8I Long-Range Mar­itime Re­con­nais­sance & Anti-Sub­ma­rine War­fare air­craft

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