Pre­ven­ta­tive meth­ods and Ro­dent Con­trol

The Sligo Champion - - NEWS -

IT DOESN’ T mat­ter if you are a large Multi-Na­tional com­pany or a home owner, the ap­proach to Pest Con­trol is, or at least should be, ex­actly the same.

(1) You need to stop them get­ting in.

(2) You need to re­move the things that at­tract them e.g. food, wa­ter and har­bourage

(3) You need to ‘ knock down’ the ex­ist­ing pop­u­la­tion

(4) You need to re­main vig­i­lant and keep an eye on the progress of your treat­ment pro­gramme and be mind­ful of the po­ten­tial for re-in­fes­ta­tion as time goes on.

All these steps should be done in tan­dem. Fo­cussing on just one or two el­e­ments will most likely re­sult in a con­tin­u­a­tion of the prob­lem or rapid re-in­fes­ta­tion. un­der­ground ac­cess points, ad­ja­cent veg­e­ta­tion (trees, ivy) etc. So be­fore you start wor­ry­ing about, ‘ how to get rid of a pest is in a par­tic­u­lar part or my home?’, firstly you need to work out, ‘ how did it get in?’ and ‘why is it there?’. Once you have es­tab­lished how it got in you can then ad­dress this by ap­pro­pri­ately proof­ing you home. In the same way.

Ma­te­ri­als like ex­pand­able foam are re­ally only tem­po­rary so­lu­tions and ro­dents can eas­ily bur­row their way through these sub­stances. Good old fash­ioned sand and ce­ment or weld mesh (6mm or smaller) are the best op­tions. Even with this, if you have dis­placed a ro­dent from its home they will pretty much every­thing in their power to get back in. This is why it is so im­por­tant to get all as­pects of your IPM pro­gramme cor­rect. some­where warm to har­bour and breed. The best way to pre­vent in­fes­ta­tions is to elim­i­nate or re­move these. Keep gar­dens well main­tained. Bin ar­eas should be kept clean with bin lids closed at all times. Re­move stand­ing wa­ter. Make sure that build­ings are prop­erly sealed. Keep ex­ter­nal door into build­ing shut when not in use.

Busi­nesses that store pro­duce and man­u­fac­ture food or food in­gre­di­ents are very at­trac­tive to pests. How­ever all build­ings pro­vide po­ten­tial har­bourage and breed­ing sites and some of the re­sources a ro­dent needs in or­der to flour­ish.

Ro­dent in­fes­ta­tion has a num­ber of ef­fects on Busi­ness and Peo­ple. Firstly there are the le­gal ram­i­fi­ca­tions to think about. There is fi­nan­cial loss through dam­age, of prod­uct, prop­erty, brand and rep­u­ta­tion. Ro­dent in­fes­ta­tion on a busi­ness premises can se­verely af­fect the moral of the staff as well as the risk of ex­pos­ing them to diseases and pathogens car­ried and spread by Ro­dents. Ro­dent ac­tiv­ity could also re­sult in con­tam­i­na­tion of prod­uct, down time of pro­duc­tion or re­duc­tions in sales due to clo­sure. to ‘close’ at de­fined times de­pend­ing on the en­vi­ron­men­tal sen­si­tiv­ity of the par­tic­u­lar site. Au­to­gate fa­cil­i­tates safer and more ef­fi­cient ro­dent con­trol treat­ment pro­grammes with a greatly re­duced en­vi­ron­men­tal im­pact com­pared to con­ven­tional bait­ing pro­grammes.

Trap­ping can also be used and this can be very ef­fec­tive against small pop­u­la­tions of Ro­dents.

Lice, slaters and mil­li­pedes are arthro­pods and con­sid­ered ca­sual in­trud­ers by Ren­tokil. Key to con­trol is look at land­scap­ing around your build­ings. Con­sider re­mov­ing veg­e­ta­tive over­growth from the build­ing. Re­move leaf lit­ter reg­u­larly. Wood mulch in flower beds can in­crease the risk of these ca­sual in­trud­ers if your build­ing has proof­ing is­sues. Bases of ex­ter­nal doors should be prop­erly sealed us­ing draft ex­clud­ers, bris­tle strips and/ or bumper seals.

Ul­tra­sonic noises emit­ted by young ro­dents can act as dis­tress sig­nals and very high lev­els of ul­tra­sound can ex­ert se­ri­ous ef­fects on the en­docrine and re­pro­duc­tive sys­tems of an­i­mals in­clud­ing ro­dents. Un­for­tu­nately, ul­tra­sound is ab­sorbed by solid ob­jects and rapidly at­ten­u­ates in air. There­fore, most com­mer­cially avail­able ul­tra­sonic de­vices prop­a­gate the noise over only rel­a­tively short dis­tances, and sound “shad­ows” oc­cur be­hind ob­sta­cles. More­over, ul­tra­sound is re­flected by hard, smooth sur­faces, and this can sig­nif­i­cantly re­duce the in­ten­sity of the sound. This means that sev­eral sources of ul­tra­sound. Ul­tra­sonic plug-in de­vices have limited suc­cess at re­pelling Ro­dents. If Ro­dents are al­ready in a Build­ing then it is very un­likely that these de­vices would make them move on.

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