Teo­rie e pra­ti­che del­lo spa­zio pub­bli­co

Theo­ries and Prac­ti­ces of Pu­blic Spa­ce

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Pub­bli­ca­to in con­co­mi­tan­za con l’omo­ni­ma mo­stra che ha oc­cu­pa­to gli spa­zi dell’Aka­de­mie der Kün­ste di Ber­li­no que­sta pri­ma­ve­ra, il li­bro De­mo:Po­lis. The Right to Pu­blic Spa­ce ana­liz­za, sot­to mol­te­pli­ci pun­ti di vi­sta, il ruo­lo e l’im­por­tan­za del­lo spa­zio pub­bli­co all’in­ter­no di una so­cie­tà de­mo­cra­ti­ca. Do­po una pri­ma par­te che rac­co­glie gli scrit­ti di stu­dio­si co­me An­drew Keen o Su­san Chin si pas­sa a esem­pi con­cre­ti di uti­liz­zo del­lo spa­zio pub­bli­co rag­grup­pa­ti se­con­do le vo­ci: Tra­sfor­ma­tions, Pa­ra­digms e Vi­sions. Dall’evo­lu­zio­ne sto­ri­ca di due luo­ghi sim­bo­lo di Ber­li­no, la piaz­za Ale­xan­der­pla­tz e via Acer­straße, all’oc­cu­pa­zio­ne del­lo spa­zio ur­ba­no co­me at­to di sfi­da, pro­te­sta e in­di­gna­zio­ne (co­me la Ri­vo­lu­zio­ne dei Gel­so­mi­ni in Tu­ni­sia, Oc­cu­py Wall Street a New York o la più re­cen­te Je suis Char­lie a Pa­ri­gi). Dai me­ga­pro­get­ti a gran­de im­pat­to co­me la pe­do­na­liz­za­zio­ne, ope­ra di Fo­ster+Part­ner, di Tra­fal­gar Squa­re a Lon­dra, o il Broo­klyn Brid­ge Park a New York, a in­ter­ven­ti più pic­co­li co­me la Co­mùn-Uni­dad a Cit­tà del Mes­si­co o El Cam­po de Ce­ba­da a Ma­drid per con­clu­de­re con uno sguar­do sul­la ri­cer­ca fat­ta da stu­den­ti di tut­to il mon­do. Un li­bro che spin­ge il let­to­re a guar­da­re una cit­tà, con le sue stra­de, piaz­ze, par­chi e so­prat­tut­to vuo­ti ur­ba­ni, con un oc­chio di­ver­so. (On prin­ted pa­per) Pu­bli­shed to coin­ci­de wi­th the ex­hi­bi­tion of the sa­me na­me that oc­cu­pied the ex­hi­bi­tion spaces of the Aka­de­mie der Kün­ste in Ber­lin this spring, the book De­mo:Po­lis. The Right to Pu­blic Spa­ce exa­mi­nes, from mul­ti­ple poin­ts of view, the ro­le and the im­por­tan­ce of pu­blic spa­ce in a de­mo­cra­tic so­cie­ty. Fol­lo­wing an ini­tial sec­tion that in­clu­des es­says by scho­lars li­ke An­drew Keen and Su­san Chin the book mo­ves on to con­cre­te exam­ples of the use of pu­blic spa­ce grou­ped ac­cor­ding to the fol­lo­wing ca­te­go­ries: Tran­sfor­ma­tions, Pa­ra­digms and Vi­sions. From the hi­sto­ric evo­lu­tion of two sym­bo­lic lo­ca­tions in Ber­lin, Ale­xan­der­pla­tz squa­re and Ac­ker­straße, to the oc­cu­pa­tion of ur­ban spa­ce as an act of de­fian­ce, pro­te­st or in­di­gna­tion (li­ke the Ja­smi­ne Re­vo­lu­tion in Tu­ni­sia, Oc­cu­py Wall Street in New York or the mo­re re­cent Je Suis Char­lie in Pa­ris). From me­ga-pro­jec­ts that ha­ve a si­gni­fi­cant im­pact li­ke the pe­de­stria­ni­sa­tion, by Fo­ster+Part­ners, of Tra­fal­gar Squa­re in Lon­don, or Broo­klyn Brid­ge Park in New York, to smal­ler pro­jec­ts li­ke Co­mún-Uni­dad in Me­xi­co Ci­ty or El Cam­po de Ce­ba­da in Ma­drid, it con­clu­des wi­th a look at the re­sear­ch of stu­den­ts from all over the world. A book that en­cou­ra­ges the rea­der to see the ci­ty, wi­th its stree­ts, squa­res, parks and mo­st of all its open ur­ban spaces, from a dif­fe­rent per­spec­ti­ve The book Con­struc­tion Mat­ters, pu­bli­shed by Po­we­rHou­se, ana­ly­ses the four prin­ci­pal buil­ding ma­te­rials of ar­chi­tec­tu­re – ma­son­ry, con­cre­te, steel and wood – in four chap­ters that in­tro­du­ce the rea­der to the prin­ci­pal ways ea­ch one func­tions and per­forms, along wi­th re­viewing the tech­no­lo­gi­cal de­ve­lo­p­men­ts. Ea­ch chap­ter in­clu­des the ana­ly­sis of se­ve­ral ca­se stu­dies, as well as tech­ni­cal dra­wings and pho­to­gra­phs that de­scri­be the main con­struc­tion steps. From the Mo­nu­ment to Ro­sa Lu­xem­burg and Karl Lie­b­k­ne­cht by Lud­wig Mies van der Ro­he, whi­ch due to the use of rein­for­ced walls in 1926 ma­na­ged to break up the ri­gid ver­ti­ca­li­ty of the ma­son­ry, to the spec­ta­cu­lar and si­nuous shell sha­pe of the re­stau­rant Los Ma­nan­tia­les by Joa­quin and Fer­nan­do Al­va­rez Or­do­nez ma­de en­ti­re­ly of con­cre­te, to the Sen­dai Me­dia­the­que by Toyo Ito and Mu­tsu­ro Sa­sa­ki whe­re co­lumns ma­de of a lat­ti­ce of steel tu­bes sup­port the buil­ding’s se­ven floors, or the Gö­tz Col­lec­tion by Her­zog & de Meu­ron whe­re ply­wood de­fi­nes the lo­gic of the com­po­si­tion. All of the­se are exam­ples that sup­port the au­thor’s the­sis that sees con­struc­tion ma­te­rials as the ar­ti­stic and ex­pres­si­ve tools of ar­chi­tec­ts

Po­we­rHou­se Books pp. 232 $ 40

pp. 288 $ 49

De­mo:po­lis. The Right to Pu­blic Spa­ce (In col­la­bo­ra­zio­ne con Aka­de­mie der KÙn­ste Ber­lin e Uni­ver­si­ty of Te­xas at Au­stin School of Ar­chi­tec­tu­re) Edi­ted by Bar­ba­ra Hoidn

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